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lapucelle's Journal
lapucelle's Journal
May 21, 2019

Thank You Suffragists! 100 years ago today, the House passed the 19th Amendment.

Nineteenth Amendment - Women's Suffrage Rights

Section 1. The right of the citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

19th Amendment Annotations

Women's Suffrage

The Amendment was adopted after a long campaign by its advocates who had largely despaired of attaining their goal through modification of individual state laws. Agitation in behalf of women's suffrage was recorded as early as the Jackson Administration but the initial results were meager. Beginning in 1838, Kentucky authorized women to vote in school elections and its action was later copied by a number of other States. Kansas in 1887 granted women unlimited rights to vote in municipal elections. Not until 1869, however, when the Wyoming Territory accorded women suffrage rights on an equal basis with men and continued the practice following admission to statehood, did these advocates register a notable victory. Progress continued to be discouraging, only ten additional States having joined Wyoming by 1914, and, judicial efforts having failed,1 and a vigorous campaign brought congressional passage of a proposed Amendment and the necessary state ratifications.2

Following the Supreme Court's interpretation of the Fifteenth Amendment, the state courts which passed on the effect of the Amendment ruled that it did not confer upon women the right to vote but only the right not to be discriminated against on the basis of their sex in the setting of voting qualifications,3 a formalistic distinction to be sure but one which has restrained the possible applications of the Amendment. In only one case has the Supreme Court itself dealt with the Amendment's effect, holding that a Georgia poll tax statute which exempted from payment women who did not register to vote did not discriminate in any manner against the right of men to vote, although it did note that the Amendment ''applies to men and women alike and by its own force supersedes inconsistent measures, whether federal or State.''4


[Footnote 1] Minor v. Happersett, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 162 (1875), a challenge under the privileges of immunities clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.

[Footnote 2] E. Flexner, Century of Struggle--The Woman's Rights Movement in the United States (1959).

[Footnote 3] State v. Mittle, 120 S.C. 526 (1922), writ of error dismissed, 260 U.S. 705 (1922); Graves v. Eubank, 205 Ala. 174 (1921); In re Cavelier, 287 N.Y.S. 739 (1936).

[Footnote 4] Breedlove v. Suttles, 302 U.S. 277, 283-84 (1937

May 19, 2019

Suffragist Appreciation Thread: 19th Amendment Passes the House, May 21, 1919.

I know it's a few days early, but please remember to wear some combination of white, green, purple, and blue, the official colors of the movement.

I'll be wearing my HRC 2016 campaign chic scarf in the movement colors.

March 14, 2019

Liuba Grechen Shirley formally launched Vote Mama, a PAC focused on helping moms run for office.

Although Liuba did not defeat the odious Republican Peter King (NY-02) in November's election, she waged a strong fight and did score a major victory for parents who would like to run for office:

The Federal Election Commission has ruled that federal candidates can use campaign funds to pay for child care costs that result from time spent running for office.

On Thursday, the FEC ruled unanimously, 4-0, in favor of New York Democratic House candidate Liuba Grechen Shirley.


Here are some details about the new PAC:

Women, and particularly moms of young children, face unique challenges when running for office. Especially in those critical early months, moms face increased scrutiny from donors, establishment institutions, and the public. There are many PACs that focus on electing women— but Vote Mama is the only one focused solely on electing moms.


Special guests at the official launch last night included New York’s Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul and Hillary Clinton.

March 4, 2019

Hillary Clinton receives award at Selma Bridge Crossing Jubilee Unity Breakfast

SELMA, Ala. —
Former presidential candidate Hillary Clinton received the International Unity Award at the Martin Luther King and Coretta Scott King Unity Breakfast in Selma, Alabama Sunday morning.

The breakfast was one of the events during the annual Selma Bridge Crossing Jubilee.

Clinton was also inducted into the National Voting Rights Museum Women’s Hall of Fame.

Others in attendance at the breakfast were Sen. Bernie Sanders (D-VT), Sen Cory Booker (D-NJ), and Rev. Jesse Jackson.

February 22, 2019

Here's a chance to use a smilie that you've always wanted to use,

but that never seemed to fit the occasion.

I'll start.

February 11, 2019

Snow Day Calculator

A friend who teaches elementary school told me about the Snow Day Calculator website. If snow is in the forecast, kids (and teachers!) check in several times a day to get the odds on the chance of school being closed.


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