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sandensea

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Member since: Thu May 18, 2017, 11:36 AM
Number of posts: 6,676

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Boundlessly idealistic, Universal Declaration of Human Rights is still resisted

Given the rivalries and violence that divide the global community today, it is hard to imagine that on December 10, 1948, the nations of the world approved, almost unanimously, a detailed list of fundamental rights that every human on the planet should enjoy.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the most sweeping such statement ever endorsed on a worldwide basis, opened by asserting, "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights."

In the immediate aftermath of two horrifying world wars, not a single member state of the newly created United Nations dared oppose the Declaration, though several abstained on the final vote.

That so many of the rights remain unachieved on its 70th anniversary testifies to the boundless idealism of the document's drafters.

The Declaration forbid slavery and servitude, forced marriage, arbitrary arrest, and any interference with privacy and correspondence. Everyone was said to have the right to own property, claim asylum, express opinions, and be educated.

By calling for an end to discrimination, the Declaration foreshadowed struggles for civil and political rights that were yet to come. Articles calling for equal pay for equal work and universal health care were among those on which the U.S. itself still falls short.

The document was largely the work of Eleanor Roosevelt, in her role as chair of the U.N. commission responsible for writing it.

Among the eight countries that abstained on the final vote were the Soviet Union and the five Soviet bloc states that were U.N. members at the time. South Africa, whose apartheid regime could not stomach any declaration condemning racial discrimination, also abstained. So did Saudi Arabia, claiming some rights listed in the Declaration were not consistent with Islamic law.

Some U.S. conservatives made clear their own unease with the Declaration, seeing its assertion of broad economic rights as a step toward socialism. The Soviets argued that it favored individual over collective rights and undermined national sovereignty.

At: http://www.kuer.org/post/boundlessly-idealistic-universal-declaration-human-rights-still-resisted#stream/0



An ongoing stuggle: Eleanor Roosevelt holds Universal Declaration of Human Rights, enacted 70 years ago.

'Damaged goods': Alleged fraud has GOP bracing for loss of N.C. seat

Dan McCready had just returned home from a trip to Disney World with his wife and four kids when he received the news: The North Carolina Board of Elections declined to certify his narrow election loss, and his campaign for the House — which he had conceded weeks earlier — wasn’t over.

Now, with a special election in response to alleged voter fraud looking increasingly likely, the ex-Marine is scrambling to reassemble his campaign. And McCready, who’s currently trailing Republican victor Mark Harris by 905 votes, would have the inside track, political operatives from both parties say.

Privately, national and state Republicans acknowledged that Harris, who denied in a statement Friday that he had any knowledge of illegal activity, would be a toxic candidate.

Some Republicans in the state are holding out hope that Harris could be replaced on the ballot, which would require intervention from a Democrat-controlled House of Representatives. But if the state board votes to rerun the election, the only way for Harris to be removed from the ballot would be if he moved out of state, according to Gerry Cohen, who formerly served as special counsel to the North Carolina General Assembly.

At: https://www.politico.com/story/2018/12/07/dan-mccready-north-carolina-house-election-1051829



Dan McCready and supporters: Comeback kid?

Conservative think tank donor revealed as Russian oligarch

Chaos has erupted at a conservative think tank after it was revealed that one of its new donors is Len Blavatnik, the Ukrainian-born billionaire who owns the Warner Music record label.

Charles Davidson — the founder of the Hudson Institute’s Kleptocracy Initiative, a group dedicated to exposing threats by authoritarian regimes to U.S. democracy — said he quit as its executive director upon learning that the Hudson Institute had accepted a $50,000 donation from Blavatnik.

“Russian kleptocracy has entered the donor pool of Hudson Institute,” Davidson said in an exclusive interview with The Post.

“Blavatnik is precisely what the Kleptocracy Initiative is fighting against — the influence of Putin’s oligarchs on America’s political system and society — and the importation of corrupt Russian business practices and values.”

At: https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2018/12/5/1817188/-Conservative-Think-Tank-Donor-Revealed-as-Russian-Oligarch



Warner Music's Len Blavatnik: Playing Putin's tune.

Argentina's Macri authorizes use of lethal force against fleeing suspects

Argentine President Mauricio Macri signed a decree yesterday authorizing federal security forces to use lethal force against fleeing suspects.

Argentine law, since the return of democracy in 1983, authorizes police to use gunfire only when their own lives or those of others are in danger.

The decree, submitted by hard-line Security Minsiter Patricia Bullrich, was condemned even by close allies such as right-wing Congresswoman Elisa Carrió, who described it as a "violation of fundamental human rights."

"We're not returning to fascism," Carrió added.

The decree is drawing comparisons to the far-right rhetoric of Brazil's President-elect Jair Bolsonaro, who won over millions of voters by vowing to remove legal limits on the use of deadly force by police, often flashing a gun sign with his hands.

Bullrich had already come under fire on November 2 for declaring that "whoever wants to be armed, let them be armed."

Observers note that violent crime in Argentina has steadily declined since 2014. The homicide rate was 5.2 per 100,000 in 2017, a rate similar to that of the U.S. (5.3) and a fraction of the rate (24.1) in the rest of Latin America.

Death penalty without due process

The decree soon ran into legal hurdles however.

A ruling today by Judge Roberto Gallardo blocked the decree within the city of Buenos Aires as "unconstitutional." And numerous governors have stated they would seek to block its implementation in their provinces, citing both Argentine law and the 1979 U.N. Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials.

Former Judge Carlos Rozanski, who was forced out by Macri last year after ruling against convicted dictatorship-era officials seeking transfer to house arrest, filed a complaint against Bullrich for "applying the death penalty without due process."

Human rights lawyer Ismael Jalil notes that since 1983, there have been nearly 6,000 cases of lethal use of police force even under existing laws.

Since Macri took office in late 2015, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has expressed concern over the excessive and indiscriminate use of force - as well as over the use of indefinite detention against critics and opponents.

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=es&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.infonews.com%2Fnota%2F320349%2Fbusca-legalizar-la-muerte-amplio

And: https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=es&tl=en&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.infonews.com%2Fnota%2F320368%2Farde-la-interna-oficial-carrio-se-paro



Christopher Rego and his infant son. Rego, who had no criminal record but had avoided a police checkpoint due to having left his I.D. at home, was shot to death by Buenos Aires police on August 12.

The number of civilians killed by police since Macri took office have jumped from 300 to 440 annually.

Critics accuse Macri, who is presiding over an economic collapse, of seeking to boost his chances in next year's elections by appealing to Bolsonaro-style rhetoric and policies.

Argentine president: "Trump almost didn't want to come" to G-20 Summit; had to ask "as a friend."

Speaking in a local news interview yesterday, Argentine President Mauricio Macri recounted that his U.S. counterpart Donald Trump "almost didn't want to come" and that he had to be persuaded to come "as a friend."

Last week's G-20 Summit was held on November 30 and December 1 in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

According to Macri, at one point he had to ask Trump: "Are you my friend?"

To which Trump replied: "Yes, I'm your friend. That's why I'm coming to the G-20."

"He almost didn't want to come," Macri noted, adding that he told Trump that "you know it's important to me that you come."

"Yes, yes. I'll come," Trump assured him.

"And if you come," Macri said to have pleaded, "you have to help me so that it turns out well - so that we have a declaration."

The two leaders have reportedly known each other since at least 1984, when Trump bought the former Lincoln West development (now Riverside South) in Manhattan from Macri's father.

Macri claimed in later interviews that Trump forced the elder Macri to sell it to him by cajoling New York authorities and local banks to boycott the project. They nevertheless, by his own account, later became friends.

"With Donald, I'm lucky I've known him for over 30 years," Macri explained. "I asked him as a friend."

At: https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&u=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.pagina12.com.ar%2F159883-macri-y-su-amigo-donald



Argentine President Mauricio Macri and his reluctant guest.

U.S. to delay China tariffs after Trump-Xi dinner meeting at G-20 in Buenos Aires

The U.S. and China said they would launch negotiations to ease trade tensions, with the U.S. postponing plans to increase tariffs on $200 billion in Chinese goods.

Under the plan, the two sides would discuss forced technology transfer, intellectual-property protection, nontariff barriers, cyberintrusions and cybertheft, services and agriculture. Should the talks fail, the White House said, the tariffs on the $200 billion of goods would increase to 25% from the current 10%.

The tariffs were set to increase to that level on Jan. 1.

China also agreed to purchase a “very substantial” amount of agricultural, energy and industrial goods from the U.S., the White House said. Additionally, according to the White House, Chinese President Xi Jinping said he would consider again the previously unapproved merger between Qualcomm Inc. and NXP Semiconductors should the deal be presented.

The deal fell apart earlier this year after Beijing failed to approve the merger.

Xi and Trump reached the trade cease-fire during a meeting Saturday, on the sidelines of a meeting of the Group of 20 industrial nations.

At: https://www.marketwatch.com/story/us-to-delay-china-tariffs-after-trump-xi-dinner-meeting-at-g-20-in-buenos-aires-2018-12-01



Two to Tango: U.S. and Chinese delegations meet in Buenos Aires, where a tentative agreement to suspend the ongoing trade war was reached.

Lopez Obrador sworn in as Mexico's president

Source: The Hill

Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador was officially sworn in Saturday, becoming the country’s first leftist president in more than 70 years.

López Obrador pledged “a peaceful and orderly transition, but one that is deep and radical ... because we will end the corruption and impunity that prevent Mexico’s rebirth,” according to the Associated Press.

The 65-year-old political veteran has vowed to transform Mexico and reboot the country’s sluggish economy. A left-leaning populist, he has said that he intends to build more state-owned oil refineries and encourage Mexicans to consume more domestic products during his administration.

“Mexico’s crisis originated not only with the failure of the neoliberal policies applied over the last 36 years,” he said in his inaugural speech, “but also in the prevalence of the filthiest corruption.”

Read more: https://thehill.com/policy/international/americas/419275-lopez-obrador-sworn-in-as-mexicos-president





A new beginning? Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador during his inaugural address earlier today.

Rare earthquake, magnitude 3.8, recorded outside Buenos Aires

As G-20 leaders and officials gather in Buenos Aires, an earthquake measuring 3.8 on the Richter scale was recorded outside of the city.

The quake, with an epicenter some 32 km (20 mi) southwest of downtown Buenos Aires, was relatively shallow (20 km, 12 mi deep) and was felt throughout the metro area and in neighboring La Plata.

It however caused only minor damage and resulted in no recorded injuries.

While seismic waves from the Andes region in western Argentina are felt from time to time in the Buenos Aires region (in the eastern end of the country), this was reportedly the first seismic event to have originated near Buenos Aires itself since a magnitude 5.5 earthquake in 1888.

Today's tremor, at 10:27 a.m. local time, was likely felt by G-20 attendees, which total over 8,000 between dignitaries, officials, journalists, and other guests. It however did not interrupt any of the myriad meetings scheduled for today.

At: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6446941/Earthquake-hits-Buenos-Aires-world-leaders-gather-city-G20.html?ito=social-twitter_mailonline



The Buenos Aires suburb of Canning, 20 mi southwest of the city, where the epicenter of today's eathquake was registered.

No injuries or serious damage was recorded; but the symbolism of its occurrence during this year's contentious G-20 Summit was not lost on local commentators.

Leaders gather for G20 Buenos Aires talks amid rising tensions

World leaders are meeting in Argentina for their annual G20 summit amid new tension with Russia over Ukraine and a US trade row with China.

Mr Trump initially said he would not meet Mr Putin because the three Ukrainian vessels and 24 sailors seized by Russia in the Black Sea near Crimea had not been returned. Kremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said this morning that the two would have a “brief, impromptu” meeting.

But ahead of the summit's official start Mr Trump signed a trade deal with the Mexican and Canadian leaders. Speaking before the signing of the US-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) - to replace NAFTA - Mr Trump described it as "probably the greatest trade deal ever."

Leaders are gathering now for opening remarks and an afternoon plenary session. There will be any number of bilateral get-togethers on the sidelines.

The most notable absence was that of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, whose arrival at the summit has been delayed by a technical fault in her plane.

Differences over climate change could be one of the biggest obstacles to an agreed joint communiqué when the summit ends on Saturday.

French President Emmanuel Macron said he would refuse to sign a trade deal with South America's Mercosur bloc if Brazilian President-elect Jair Bolsonaro withdrew from the Paris climate accord.

The summit is also a diplomatic test for Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman amid questions about his possible involvement in the murder last month of journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey.

Trade war impasse

Hopes of progress over tariffs in Mr Trump's expected talks with Chinese leader Xi Jinping have been meanwhile dampened. The two economic giants are locked in a trade war, which may possibly even escalate.

President Trump said recently that current tariff levels on $200bn of Chinese imports would rise as planned. He also threatened tariffs on $267bn of other Chinese exports to the US.

Speaking to reporters at the White House, he said that while China was interested in striking a deal, "I don't know if I want to do it" and "I like the deal we have now."

Host woes

The 2018 summit, the first to be hosted by Argentina, comes amid the most serious economic crisis in the host nation since its 2001-02 collapse.

A $100 bn debt bubble during President Mauricio Macri's first two years in office (2016-17) collapsed in April, leading to $30 bn in capital flight, a halving of the peso's value, and prime rates of nearly 70% in an effort to shore up the peso.

GDP was down 5.8% from the same time last year, while inflation has risen to 55% (the highest in 27 years).

"Argentina was asked to host the G-20 summit two years ago, when foreign media coverage of Macri was almost universally positive," former Ambassador to the U.S. Jorge Argüello noted.

"Were the decision to have been taken this year, I doubt Argentina would have been chosen."

At: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46395758



The now iconic 'Baby Trump' balloon makes its way in front of the Argentine Congress.

Trump's presence at the 2018 G-20 Summit is second only to that of Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in its controversy.

Republican Hyde-Smith beats Democrat Espy in Mississippi Senate race

Source: NBC News

Republican Sen. Cindy Hyde-Smith has defeated Democrat Mike Espy in Tuesday night's special Senate election in Mississippi, a contest tainted by race-related controversies, NBC News projects.

With 78% of votes being reported, Hyde-Smith had 55.2%, or 363,567 votes, to 44.8%, or 296,254 votes, for Espy, according to NBC News.

Hyde-Smith, who becomes the first woman elected to Congress from Mississippi, will serve out the remaining two years of former GOP Sen. Thad Cochran's term, whom she was appointed to replace earlier this year after he resigned.

With her win, Republicans will start the new Congress in January with a 53-47 majority in the Senate.

Read more: https://www.nbcnews.com/politics/elections/hyde-smith-espy-mississippi-senate-runoff-election-results-n940811





Mike Espy and Cindy Hyde-Smith: an uphill fight for Democrats and a noble effort.
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