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McCamy Taylor

(19,240 posts)
Sun Apr 27, 2014, 06:10 PM Apr 2014

Sleep Disorders in Pregnancy: A Plea for Universal Screening

Maybe you have heard the phrase Pregnancy SOS (Sleep on Side) about sleeping on your side during the third trimester to prevent heart burn and take the weight off the arteries and veins that run along the spine. There are some sound medical reasons to sleep on your side. A study recently done in Ghana found a statistically significant association between back sleeping during pregnancy and low birth weight and still birth. Women who snored during pregnancy had a statistically increased incidence of pre-eclampsia.

While women of child bearing age are generally at low risk for sleep disorder such as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the changes of pregnancy can suddenly make them high risk. As the abdomen swells, it takes more work to breathe. Also, pregnancy tends to cause generalized swelling everywhere--the feet, the ankles, the nose, the throat. That makes the airway more narrow. And pregnancy causes GERD or heart burn. OSA is an inherited condition in which a person has a decreased ability to keep the airway open during deep sleep. Anything which tends to close the airway--such as nasal congestion, large tonsils, a heavy chest---or make the work of breathing harder---such as MS, muscular dystrophy or abdominal swelling---or get in the way of the flow of air such as GERD or asthma---makes it more likely that the airway will close during normal sleep. Which means that the OSA sufferer experiences a combination of low oxygen spells and sleep interruptions as she moves from deep to light sleep in order to open the airway again (by shifting position, coughing etc. things that most people can do automatically in deep sleep). The sleep deprivation makes her tired, irritable, forgetful. The low oxygen spells raise her blood pressure---and can be dangerous for her developing fetus. As she gets more and more fatigued, she begins to sleep through more of the low oxygen spells---which is really bad for the fetus and its placental blood flow. The result can be a low birth weight baby, a premature baby.

All women who are pregnant and US citizens or legal residents qualify for insurance in Texas. All pregnant women are screened for diabetes. I believe that all pregnant women should be screened for sleep apnea in their third trimester, too. Not full sleep studies for all. That would be ridiculously expensive. However, a useful screening tool could combine cheap measures and history. For instance, a woman with a personal history of controlled OSA needs a sleep study when she enters the third trimester. Or, at least a pulse oxymetry study. A family history of osa, a history of unexplained low birth weight or premature delivery or fetal demise, age over 40, witnessed snoring and apnea in the third trimester, admission to the hospital for early labor that is controlled, first morning blood pressure that is higher than afternoon blood pressure
should warrant at least an overnight pulse oximetry--a simple test in which you wear an oxygen probe on your finger when you sleep. If your oxygen goes down when you sleep, then your baby's oxygen is going down, too.

Treatment for osa in pregnancy would be relatively cheap and while osa sufferers tend to be non compliant with cpap in the long run, I believe that pregnant women are likely to be highly compliant for one to two months if it means that their babies will be healthier. And the program would more than pay for itself if even a few extremely premature infant deliveries could be delayed.

Low birth weight due to preterm delivery is a major epidemic in many of our communities. Sleep apnea incidence is rising in part due to our obesity epidemic and our poor air quality. Sleep apnea is the most common commonly missed diagnosis in the country. Maybe if we did not miss it so often---in 80% of cases---our NICUs would not be so full.

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hlthe2b

(102,599 posts)
1. Pregancy may be a "natural" process, but its risks are way understated by many in the west.
Sun Apr 27, 2014, 06:17 PM
Apr 2014

In the absence of adequate and early prenatal care (and with denial of comprehensive services by RETHUGs wanting to dismantle Planned Parenthood), we are destined to see a spike in maternal mortality. If I hear one more ignorant RETHUGLICAN commenting on how women don't die or suffer life-threatening conditions in pregnancy or maintaining how miscarriage is a proxy for "illegal" abortion...

Warpy

(111,501 posts)
2. They are understated by MEN
Sun Apr 27, 2014, 06:43 PM
Apr 2014

who want to dodge any responsibility for what horrendous risk they are exposing their sex partners to.

Many men would like to divorce themselves completely from anything that happens after they orgasm.

The far right would love to criminalize miscarriage. After all, it's a natural process, so it's risk free, pain free, and no fetus is ever too damaged to carry to term.

You'd think screening for devastating things like sleep disorders would be part of prenatal care. Maybe it will be soon, now that more women can access prenatal care.

hlthe2b

(102,599 posts)
3. Largely, yes, it is men. But a few very ignorant RETHUG women as well, " carrying their water"--
Sun Apr 27, 2014, 06:45 PM
Apr 2014

so-to-speak.

hedgehog

(36,286 posts)
4. It is amazing how many tragic losses can be resolved with simple measure -
Sun Apr 27, 2014, 06:47 PM
Apr 2014

Back to sleep for the baby, side sleep for the mother-to-be! Folic acid to prevent spinal bifida!

 

Vaileria Dennis

(3 posts)
5. Sleep disorder in Pregnancy
Mon Sep 1, 2014, 07:28 AM
Sep 2014

Sleep disorder in pregnancy is very common, nearly 78% of women affects from it. The reason behind this is hormonal changes during pregnancy. Therefore it is necessary to overcome this as this may affect women health. Sleeping pills like Somnapure is the best option to treat it, but before taking any supplement first consult with your doctor.

mopinko

(70,401 posts)
6. a simple $100 motion tracker can do this.
Tue Sep 2, 2014, 11:35 PM
Sep 2014

spent my whole life sleep deprived, thanks to a childhood brain injury. i track my sleep w a fitbit. when i sleep, it is a different planet.

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