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Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:14 PM

Length of vaccine efficacy

3 months? 2 years?

Anyone got the latest reliable info on this?

Thanks in advance.

25 replies, 1789 views

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Arrow 25 replies Author Time Post
Reply Length of vaccine efficacy (Original post)
cilla4progress Apr 2021 OP
nykym Apr 2021 #1
jimfields33 Apr 2021 #3
Blue_true Apr 2021 #12
jimfields33 Apr 2021 #15
Blue_true Apr 2021 #17
Ms. Toad Apr 2021 #19
Blue_true Apr 2021 #20
Ms. Toad Apr 2021 #21
Blue_true Apr 2021 #22
Ms. Toad Apr 2021 #23
IggleDuer Apr 2021 #8
Ocelot II Apr 2021 #2
MANative Apr 2021 #4
Blue_true Apr 2021 #13
Meowmee Apr 2021 #5
consider_this Apr 2021 #6
dalton99a Apr 2021 #7
cilla4progress Apr 2021 #9
groundloop Apr 2021 #10
Blue_true Apr 2021 #11
OhioChick Apr 2021 #14
Cal Carpenter Apr 2021 #16
area51 Apr 2021 #18
cilla4progress Apr 2021 #24
Hekate Apr 2021 #25

Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:14 PM

1. I think Pfizer said

6 months

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Response to nykym (Reply #1)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:17 PM

3. Damn. I actually thought it was for life. Lol

I hope they figure out what to do in June-July timeframe when first groupís vaccine begin to expire.

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Response to jimfields33 (Reply #3)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 08:27 PM

12. The study is ongoing. So far, a group of the people they tested

the vaccine on have reached 6 months of antibodies after the second shot.

I would be satisfied if the immunity period reach 12 months. That would put the Covid vaccine on the same footing with Flu vaccines, annual shots.

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Response to Blue_true (Reply #12)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 09:45 PM

15. I kinda agree, but....

It will mean having to go twice to get flu and vaccine because they wonít give them both at the same time.

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Response to jimfields33 (Reply #15)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 10:00 PM

17. Science is about learning and adjusting to new data.

My guess is the Covid vaccine will migrate to a single shot, and wonít require the ultra-low temperatures it now does.

In fact the Novavax vaccine is not only a single shot, it can be kept in the same refrigerators as Flu vaccines. That vaccine has not yet been approved for use, but likely will soon.

Pfizer appears to be angling toward a single shot, regular temperature vaccine, it recently announced that it will pursue itís own path in regards to a follow-up to itís current Covid vaccine. Pfizer has lots of money, the company own some popular and lucrative regular consumer product brands, like Chapstick (the lip balm and lip color biggie).

So, the future wonít look like today. My guess is pharmacies will be able to easily manage an annual Covid and Flu vaccine regimen, and the process will be easy for us.

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Response to Blue_true (Reply #12)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 10:31 PM

19. It's a different quesiton, though.

The influenza vaccines are targeting different strains of influenza. The influenza antibodies remain longer than a year - it is just that next year's strain is different from this year's.

This question is about whether the antibodies against COVID (created by a non-traditional path) remain beyond 6 months.

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Response to Ms. Toad (Reply #19)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 10:42 PM

20. The Pfizer study is attempting to answer that question.

We donít know how many variants of Covid that study participants have been exposed to, but previous studies have shown the vaccine to be effective against several variants, somewhat less effective against others. So, a reasonable assumption would be that immunity duration follows effectiveness against variants (a person that have long term immunity to one has it for others).

A one year interval for a shot is the easiest interval to execute. Longer or less than a year becomes difficult to manage (people will lose track of whether they have the vaccine easier).

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Response to Blue_true (Reply #20)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 11:11 PM

21. Not really -

They are two different questions, each of which plays into how long a particular vacicine will last.

One is how long the antibodies last (similar to other single-illness vaccinations, many of which need boosters periodically because the antibodies diminish over time - like tetanus, for example.)

The other is whether the variants are enough different that the (still plentiful) antibodies are no onger effective against the variants.

As to influenza, the antibodies are pretty specific - so it isn't that the antibodies are gone in a year, it is that influenza changes dramatically and unpredictably from year to year. The antibodies you develop in one season aren't effective against the influenza next year not because they vanish, but because the disease is different next year. Because we suck at predicting the strains that will be circulating, the antibodies generally aren't even effective against the current year's strains.

COVID 19 makes much more minor changes (the variants) and the vaccine is creating antibodies to the spike protein that (so far) all variants have in common. So if the antibodies last for 10 years, the vaccine will be effective against all variants for 10 years (unless the variants change significantly enough that the antibodies don't recognize the spike as the old familiar enemy.

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Response to Ms. Toad (Reply #21)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 11:15 PM

22. A 10 year immunity to Covid only can be shown by the study that Pfizer is doing.

My guess is that along the way, the level of immunity to all variants will be determined.

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Response to Blue_true (Reply #22)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 11:34 PM

23. You're still missing the point.

Influenza vaccines are a once-a-year thing because it's not the same flu next year as it was this year. The vaccine doesn't wear off - just as you wouldn't expect a chicken pox vaccine to protect you against measles, or even against shingles, this year's influenza is enough different from last year's that you need a different vaccine. The antibodies you create from this year's vaccine can ast forever - and you'll still need a new vaccine next year.

That does not appear to be true for COVID 19. So the question as to COVID 19 is really much more about how long the antibodies last.

So COVID may be a once a year, or once every 6 month thing - BUT if it is, it will be for a very different reason.

The issue we have now is that the COVID 19 vaccine is so new that we have no idea how long the antibodies last. We still don't even absolutely know whether it decreases the severity of the disease or whether it prevents it (although 2 or 3 recent studies suggest it prevents disease).

So yes - ongoing studies are needed to determine how long it lasts since it hasn't been around long enough for us to know how long it lasts. When my brother was part of the initial MMR trials (as a captive Native American in the adoption/foster care system), we assumed that the vaccine created immunity for life. It was only after a couple of decades, when we started having people who were pregnant contract ruella that we realized that the antibodies didn't last that long.

Studies are also needed to answer the second (variants) and third (disease prevention v diminished severity) questions.

My only point is that seasonal strains of influenza (which generate the need for new vaccines every year against the distinct strains) and COVID variants (which, so far, are not distinct enough to require a new vaccine).

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Response to nykym (Reply #1)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 02:10 PM

8. Pfizer recently said that it was good for at least six months.

I don't think they tested much further than that yet.

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:16 PM

2. I don't think they really know yet.

The clinical trials started last summer, I think, so even those participants will have been vaccinated for less than a year. I haven't heard if any of them are getting the virus.

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:20 PM

4. See this announcement...

[link:https://www.usnews.com/news/health-news/articles/2021-04-01/pfizer-coronavirus-vaccine-protection-lasts-at-least-six-months|


I'm guessing that it will be like the flu shot - dealing with variants and strains every year.

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Response to MANative (Reply #4)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 08:28 PM

13. Your last sentence is my guess also. nt

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:27 PM

6. I noticed immediately that the Covid vaccination card has many spaces at the ready than just the 2!

CDC must've have a pretty good reason for including so many extra entry areas on those cards - they likely surmised frequent boosters would be required, and based on the latest I read that Pfizer is claiming 6 months of protection, that seems to line up.

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 01:27 PM

7. At least 3 months, possibly 8 months or more

But based on clinical trials, experts do know that vaccine-induced protection should last a minimum of about three months. That does not mean protective immunity will expire after 90 days; that was simply the time frame participants were studied in the initial Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson trials. As researchers continue to study the vaccines, that shelf life is expected to grow.

In the real world, the protection should last quite a bit longer, though the length of time still needs to be determined with further studies, experts said. ...

Looking at studies on natural immunity from the coronavirus, experts hypothesize that protective immunity from the vaccines will last at least six to eight months. And if immunity from SARS-CoV-2 ends up being similar to other seasonal coronaviruses, such as ďcommon colds,Ē it is even possible the vaccines could provide protection for up to a year or two before requiring a booster, the experts said. ...

Current research shows that people who have been infected with covid-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus, retained immunity that was robust after eight months. That gives researchers a starting point in predicting how long immunity may last after vaccination, Dbeibo explained.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/2021/03/29/how-long-immunity-lasts-covid-vaccine/

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 08:15 PM

9. Yikes!

Ummm....! Not only was I surprised when my husband told me this, but, I assume there is a plan??!!

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 08:19 PM

10. I just read about the Pfizer study indicating very good immunity after 6 months

That would suggest that there's a high possibility of immunity going well past that 6 month time frame. In my mind I see a yearly booster for a while.

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 08:24 PM

11. Pfizer released data showing 6 months, so far.

I believe the company is following a group of the people that it tested the vaccine on. The study is ongoing, so the immunity period can be longer than 6 months.

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 09:58 PM

16. Time will tell...

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Thu Apr 1, 2021, 10:09 PM

18. One thing I've been wondering,

if we need booster shots, what will be the cost of them?

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Fri Apr 2, 2021, 12:26 AM

24. god i'm starting to get depressed that

we are not further along than a year ago

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Response to cilla4progress (Original post)

Fri Apr 2, 2021, 12:32 AM

25. I get a new jab every year for the flu virus, which mutates rapidly....

I suspect that COVID19 may need similar protocols, as it is a virus that mutates rapidly. But I am not an epidemiologist.

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