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Wed Feb 27, 2013, 04:18 PM

Extreme Exoplanet-Hunting Telescope to Go Online This Fall

Extreme Exoplanet-Hunting Telescope to Go Online This Fall
By Rina Shaikh-Lesko
02.23.13
6:30 AM

The search for exoplanets is about reach the next level with the Gemini Planet Imager, a new smart-car-sized telescope instrument that will use “extreme” adaptive optics to directly see distant planets around other stars.

Most large telescopes on Earth use adaptive optics — mirrors that wiggle a thousand times a second — to compensate for distortion from the atmosphere that causes the familiar “twinkling” effect of stars. With the technology, fuzzy globs of starlight are transformed into sharp pinpoints. GPI will take the method a step farther, using a mirror made from advanced silicon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) instead of glass.

The system uses two quarter-coin-size silicon wafers to erase blurred light. GPI’s computer will send electrical signals to more than 4,000 actuators to warp the super-thin mirror painted on the upper layer. To accommodate that many sensors, a conventional adaptive optics mirror would have to be more than 15 inches across, bigger than a MacBook Pro. That would make GPI far too big to fit on its intended telescope: the 8-meter Gemini South telescope in Chile. MEMS’s compact deformable mirror will provide an image much brighter and sharper than that of any other ground-based telescope.

Most exoplanet searches rely on indirect methods, for instance inferring the presence of a planet by noticing how it tugs gravitationally on its parent star. GPI will actually take direct images of distant exoplanets. A component of the instrument called a coronagraph blocks light from the extremely bright star, but lets light coming from the hot, young planets circling the star to pass through, enabling astronomers to see those planets.

More:
http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2013/02/extreme-exoplanet-hunter/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+wiredscience+%28Wired%3A+Blog+-+Wired+Science%29

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