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OUTING THE CIA: Cheney. Libby and the Attempted Destruction of CIA Counter Proliferation

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leveymg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:08 PM
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OUTING THE CIA: Cheney. Libby and the Attempted Destruction of CIA Counter Proliferation
Edited on Thu Feb-01-07 06:07 PM by leveymg
In the course of listening to testimony in the Libby case, it has become clear that Vice President Cheney initiated and directed the criminal conspiracy. Thats not the only bombshell in this case.

The illegal "outing" of Valerie Plame is only part of a much bigger back-story. From virtually the day it took office, the Bush-Cheney Administration systematically dismantled the nuclear arms control regime and counter-proliferation programs it inherited from the Clinton Administration.

By outing Plame, Cheney also outed the CIA's Counter-Proliferation Division (CPD), a secret unit within the Agency's covert Directorate of Operations. This was to have disastrous effects, including an illegal invasion of Iraq, the detonation of a nuclear device by North Korea, the redoubling of Irans program, and the destruction of a highly-classified CIA monitoring program that had sabotaged and sidetracked nuclear programs in at least five countries considered to be most threatening to the United States. But, in the end, the Intelligence Community fought back, and Cheney will soon be facing a federal prosecutor.



We now know beyond a reasonable doubt the Vice President provided the inspiration and primary guidance for others involved in the criminal "outing" of Valerie Plame. Libby was carrying out Cheney's detailed, immediate instructions when he revealed Plame's identity to Judy Miller and confirmed her role as a CIA officer to Time Magazine's Matt Cooper. Libby, in turn, instructed Ari Fleischer to leak Plames identity to several reporters aboard AF-1 during the week before Robert Novak's column appeared.

Many have asked why Cheney and Libby outed Valerie Plame. The answers about an alleged personal vendetta by the Vice President, or retaliation against Ambassador Wilson, have not been fully satisfactory.

A more complete explanation, more fitting the grave seriousness and huge scale of the crimes committed, has to do with an attempt by the Administration to destroy the CIAs ability to resist exaggerated claims being made about the WMD programs of three countries that had been slated for destruction.

In order to do that, the Bush-Cheney Administration had to "out" a CIA deception campaign that the CPD was running through the A.Q. Khan network. The outing of A.Q. Khans network which was working, more or less wittingly with the CIA, until it was publicly revealed by a senior State Department official in 2001 -- is intimately linked to the outing of Valerie Plame, who had been hired by CIA in 1997 to monitor the nuclear program of Iran, which is alleged to been dealing with A.Q. Khan from the late 1980s until 2002.


There's a strange symetry to this part of the story, but the same man who has admitted to initially "outing" Valerie Plame to reporters (Bob Woodward) was also the Bush-Cheney Administration official who first publicly revealed that a "retired" Pakistani nuclear official had been trading uranium enrichment and missile technology with North Korea.

Yes, that's right. Undersecretary of State Richard Armitage outed Plame in a May 2003 conversation after he outed A.Q. Khan in a June 1, 2001 article in the Times of London.

During the 1990s, there were intermittent clues from intelligence that AQ Khan was discussing the sale of nuclear technology to countries of concern. By early 2000, intelligence revealed that these were not isolated incidents. It became clear that Khan was at the centre of an international proliferation network. By April 2000, the UK Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) was noting that there was an evolving, and as yet incomplete, picture of the supply of uranium enrichment equipment to at least one customer in the Middle East, thought to be Libya, and evidence linking this activity to Khan.

A.Q. Khan's official career came to an abrupt end in March 2001, when he was suddenly forced out as director of the nuclear lab by order of President Pervez Musharraf. Though Kahn was made a special adviser to the government, the reason for his dismissal reportedly coincided with concerns about financial improprieties at the lab as well as general warnings from the United States to the Musharraf about Khans proliferation activities. Musharraf's restraint in dealing with A.Q. Khan has been said to have resulted from the lack of incontrovertible evidence of proliferation activities. Nonetheless, Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage, in an article which appeared in the Financial Times on 01 June 2001, expressed concern that, "people who were employed by the nuclear agency and have retired" may be assisting North Korea with its nuclear program.

AQ KHAN: Father of Pakistan's nuclear Program, and CIA Asset

It is widely acknowledged that A.Q. Khan has had a relationship of some kind with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency for a long time, according to the BBC that extends back for more than thirty years. The BBC reported in 2005:

CIA 'let atomic expert Khan go'

Pakistan pardoned AQ Khan, despite his dramatic revelations
Pakistani nuclear expert AQ Khan was not arrested when living in the Netherlands as the CIA was monitoring him, an ex-Dutch prime minister says.

Ruud Lubbers said the CIA had asked the Netherlands in 1975 not to prosecute Abdul Qadeer Khan, who is now dubbed the father of Pakistan's atom bomb.

Mr Khan admitted last year that he had leaked nuclear secrets to North Korea, Libya and Iran.

He came under suspicion while working for a Dutch uranium firm, Urenco.

He has been under close guard at his home in Islamabad since his public confession.

According to Mr Lubbers, US intelligence wanted to find out more about Mr Khan's contacts while he was working as an engineer at the top secret Dutch uranium enrichment plant at Almelo.

"The Americans wished to follow and watch Khan to get more information," he told Dutch radio.

Mr Khan returned to Pakistan in 1976 . . .SNIP

In 1983, Khan was convicted in absentia by a Dutch Court for his role in smuggling gas centrifuge equipment and plans from a nuclear enrichment where he had worked.

Khan remained at large at large, however, the reason given that Pakistan refused his extradition. Despite an outstanding INTERPOL warrant, the U.S. did not act to alert the Dutch authorities when Khan was observed travelling abroad on his frequent missions. According to an article in Foreign Affairs, / "a joke is making the rounds of the nuclear anti-proliferation community: "If you want to know who's a proliferator, follow A.Q. Khan's travel schedule." Khan has long argued that Muslim countries are entitled to the bomb. He traveled freely for years, meeting with officials in other countries. Experts warn that many of these nations are now potential proliferation suspects, including:

Saudi Arabia and Abu Dhabi, one of the Gulf emirates, which experts say both helped finance the Pakistani nuclear program;
Algeria and Syria, which have expressed nuclear ambitions;
Malaysia and Indonesia;
Myanmar (Burma), where Khan reportedly met with officials;


For more than a quarter-century, various sources have been warning that Iran was on the nuclear threshold, and would be able to build an atomic bomb "within five years." From the mid-1980s until 2002, Khan was the principal supplier of Iran's nuclear enrichment technologies. During that period, until the Bush Administration dismantled the Khan network, the CIA knew exactly what was going into Iran and had a picture of Iran's program. That knowledge didn't necessarily make it into the public statements, however, which tended to exaggerate the progress that Iran was making. Surprisingly, the Agency's most recent estimate in 2005, written in the light of its disastrous over-statement of Iraq's WMD in 2002, is far more cautious and nuanced, estimating a 10-year lead time until Iran could build an actual, working nuclear bomb. /

"The Iranians may have an atom bomb within two years, the authoritative Jane's Defense Weekly warned. That was in 1984, two decades ago.
Four years later, the world was again put on notice,
this time by Iraq, that Tehran was at the nuclear
threshold, and in 1992 the CIA foresaw atomic arms in
Iranian hands by 2000. Then U.S. officials pushed that
back to 2003. And in 1997 the Israelis confidently
predicted a new date: 2005...."

SOURCE: AP February 27, 2006 - Ever a `threat,' never an atomic power..."
Even after the Clinton Administration, we still heard official predictions that never quite happened.

Late 1991: In congressional reports and CIA assessments, the United States estimates that there is a `high degree of certainty that the government of Iran has acquired all or virtually all of the components required for the construction of two to three nuclear weapons.' A February 1992 report by the U.S. House of Representatives suggests that these two or three nuclear weapons will be operational between February and April 1992."

"February 24, 1993: CIA director James Woolsey says that Iran is still 8 to 10 years away from being able to produce its own nuclear weapon, but with assistance from abroad it could become a nuclear power earlier."

"January 1995: The director of the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, John Holum, testifies that Iran could have the bomb by 2003."

"January 5, 1995: U.S. Defense Secretary William Perry says that Iran may be less than five years from building an atomic bomb, although `how soon...depends how they go about getting it.'"

"April 29, 1996: Israeli prime minister Shimon Peres says `he believes that in four years, they may reach nuclear weapons.'"

"October 21, 1998: General Anthony Zinni, head of U.S. Central Command, says Iran could have the capacity to deliver nuclear weapons within five years. `If I were a betting man,' he said, `I would say they are on track within five years, they would have the capability.'"

"January 17, 2000: A new CIA assessment on Iran's nuclear capabilities says that the CIA cannot rule out the possibility that Iran may possess nuclear weapons. The assessment is based on the CIA's admission that it cannot monitor Iran's nuclear activities with any precision and hence cannot exclude the prospect that Iran may have nuclear weapons."

As the Bush-Cheney Administration came into office, the official CIA estimates of Irans nuclear program showed that Iran was 7-10 years away from being able to build an A-bomb. Similarly, until early 2002, Colin Powell and Condie Rice were repeating intelligence estimates that said Saddam Hussein's Iraq posed no serious threat to either its regional neighbors or the U.S.

But, the CIA's Iraq estimate changed with the appearance of the October, 2002 NIE. As everyone later realized, it was wrong. It wasn't just wrong in the details, it got the most important facts about Iraq's alleged nuclear program was dead wrong. /...
CIA, October 2002, pp.1-2: "Iraq's aggressive attempts to obtain proscribed high-strength aluminum tubes are of significant concern. All intelligence experts agree that Iraq is seeking nuclear weapons and that these tubes could be used in a centrifuge enrichment program. Most intelligence specialists assess this to be the intended use, but some believe that these tubes are probably intended for conventional weapons programs. Based on tubes of the size Iraq is trying to acquire, a few tens of thousands of centrifuges would be capable of producing enough highly enriched uranium for a couple of weapons per year."

The current CIA NIE for Iran completed in 2005 is by comparison, a model of balance and "carefully hedged assessments", estimating it would take Iran at least a decade or longer to produce a bomb, if it determined to do so. That doubled the amount of time projected in the 2001 assesment it replaced.

That's not very different in its conclusions from the one in 2000, when the non-enrichment agreement was still in place. If a new NIE were to be ordered, or were to appear that significantly shrank that time estimate, that would be a significant and ominous development.

Given the level of vitriol we hear from the White House about Iran's program, and that which gets echoed back from President Ahmadinejad, it is surprising that the current consensus of the intelligence community is that things haven't changed much in Iran. How can that be? The evidence shows that Iran was never really serious about making atomic bombs, and that its program today is still a screwed up mess because it started out with junk peddled by a con man.

Following quiet negotiations with the Clinton Administration, in 1995 Irans President Khatemi agreed to allow inspectors from the IAEA to monitor the countrys known nuclear sites, and to suspend research that potentially had dual use of developing weapons. That agreement didnt actually go into effect until 1998.

After that accord was reached, however, Khan brokered a deal for delivery of some 500 centrifuge component sets, old units that Pakistan had used and discarded from its own enrichment program. That breach was, of course, known at the time, but rather than force a renewed conflict with Iran and knowing that these machines were not adequate in number or quality to produce sufficient quantities of bomb-grade material -- Washington chose not to make a public issue of it at the time. The Clinton White House took this approach toward other countries it was monitoring through the Khan netwwork.

As was foreseen, a decade later, Irans nuclear enrichment program is plagued by breakdowns, materials shortages, and an inability to produce centrifuges on an industrial scale. A report by the UK Guardian describes that program today:,,2000303,0...

Nuclear plans in chaos as Iran leader flounders
Boasts of a nuclear programme are just propaganda, say insiders, but the PR could be enough to provoke Israel into war
Peter Beaumont, foreign affairs editor
Sunday January 28, 2007

Iran's efforts to produce highly enriched uranium, the material used to make nuclear bombs, are in chaos and the country is still years from mastering the required technology.

Iran's uranium enrichment programme has been plagued by constant technical problems, lack of access to outside technology and knowhow, and a failure to master the complex production-engineering processes involved. The country denies developing weapons, saying its pursuit of uranium enrichment is for energy purposes.

Despite Iran being presented as an urgent threat to nuclear non-proliferation and regional and world peace - in particular by an increasingly bellicose Israel and its closest ally, the US - a number of Western diplomats and technical experts close to the Iranian programme have told The Observer it is archaic, prone to breakdown and lacks the materials for industrial-scale production.

The disclosures come as Iran has told the UN nuclear watchdog, the International Atomic Energy Agency , that it plans to install a new 'cascade' of 3,000 high-speed centrifuges at its controversial underground facility at Natanz in central Iran next month.

The centrifuges were supposed to have been installed almost a year ago and many experts are extremely doubtful that Iran has yet mastered the skills to install and run it. Instead, they argue, the 'installation' will more probably be about propaganda than reality.

The detailed descriptions of Iran's problems in enriching more than a few grams of uranium using high-speed centrifuges - 50kg is required for two nuclear devices - comes in stark contrast to the apocalyptic picture being painted of Iran's imminent acquisition of a nuclear weapon with which to attack Israel. Instead, say experts, the break-up of the nuclear smuggling organisation of the Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadheer Khan has massively set back an Iran heavily dependent on his network.

A key case in point is that Tehran originally procured the extremely high-quality bearings required for the centrifuges' carbon-fibre 'top rotors' - spinning dishes within the machines - from foreign companies in Malaysia.

With that source closed down two years ago, Iran is making the bearings itself with only limited success. It is the repeated failure of these crucial bearings, say some sources, that has been one of the programme's biggest setbacks.

Iran is also believed to be critically short of key materials for producing a centrifuge production line to highly enrich uranium - in particular the so-called maraging steel, able to be used at high temperatures and under high stress without deforming - and specialist carbon fibre products. In this light, say some experts, its insistence that it will install 3,000 new centrifuges at the underground Natanz facility in the coming months is as much about domestic PR as reality.

The growing recognition, in expert circles at least, of how far Iran is from mastering centrifuge technology was underlined on Friday by comments by the head of the IAEA, whose inspectors have been attempting to monitor the Iranian nuclear programme.

Talking to the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland, Mohamed El Baradei appealed for all sides to take a 'time out' under which Iranian enrichment and UN sanctions would be suspended simultaneously, adding that the point at which Iran is able to produce a nuclear weapon is at least half a decade away. In pointed comments aimed at the US and Israel, the Nobel Peace prize winner warned that an attack on Iran would have 'catastrophic consequences'


Going back decades, the Agencys nuclear experts had been waging an internal war, of a sort, for control over the Iran NIE. During the Clinton years, Director Tenet had resisted pressures to substitute data provided by an unnamed third country and Iranian exile groups considered to be unreliable.

In August 2002, as Pakistan came under mounting U.S. pressure to suppress A.Q. Khan's network after the Administration publicly revealed the trade with North Korea and Libya, Iran was again accused of building a bomb. The Iran allegations this time came from the MEK, an exile group with ties to Michael Ledeen at the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and other neoconservatives.

Iran was said to be secretly enlarging an uranium enrichment facility at Natanz and building a plutonium reactor at a site near the city of Arak. The MEK accusations proved to be exaggerated. Iran was not, as alleged, already on the nuclear threshold, and did not have thousands of centrifuges spinning out bomb-grade enriched uranium. A planned heavy water reactor at Arak was at that point nothing but plans on paper. Construction of the reactor did not actually start until late 2006, and Iran cannot hope to produce significant amounts of plutonium for at least seven years, according to the IAEA.

The type and number of centrifuges isnt just an academic issue. Depending upon the type Iran is known to have two models, the P-1 and P-2 -- production of enough Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) to build one bomb requires between 2000 and 9000 devices spinning continuously for one year. Reasonable estimates for the amount of time it would take Iran in an all-out, crash program to produce a bomb range from a low of 3 years (Albright and Hinderstein) to the 7-10 year estimate of the CIA. See,

A centrifuge cascade of 164 machines was already known and under UN seal. International inspectors, however, confirmed that Iran had acquired components for an additional 500 centrifuges, the P-1 device, acquired from Khan. A report for the Arms Control Association found:

in March, 2006 that it is unclear whether Iran even has the capability to mass manufacture P-2 centrifuges, and could confirm the existence of only 500 sets of components for the less efficient P-1 type.

Irans Nuclear Programs

Tehran is developing a gas-centrifuge-based uranium-enrichment program and constructing a heavy-water moderated nuclear reactor. Both programs could potentially produce fissile material for nuclear weapons.
Gas centrifuges enrich uranium by spinning uranium hexafluoride gas at very high speeds in order to increase the concentration of the uranium-235 isotope. They can produce both low-enriched uranium (LEU), which can be used in nuclear power reactors, and highly enriched uranium (HEU), which can be used in certain types of nuclear reactors and as fissile material.

Iran has a pilot centrifuge facility, which so far contains a cascade of 164 centrifuges, and is constructing a much larger commercial facility. Tehran has told the IAEA that the pilot facility will eventually contain approximately 1,000 centrifuges and the commercial facility will ultimately house more than 50,000 centrifuges.

Iran also has a uranium-conversion facility, which converts uranium oxide (lightly processed uranium ore) into several com pounds, including uranium tetrafluoride and uranium hexafluoride. Heinonen reported that the countrys current "conversion campaign," which began in November 2005, is expected to end this month.

Tehran claims that it wants to produce LEU for its light-water moderated nuclear power plant currently under construction near the city of Bushehr, as well as additional power plants it intends to construct.

Iran says that its heavy-water reactor, which is being constructed in Arak, is intended for the production of medical isotopes. But the IAEA is concerned that Iran may use the reactor to produce plutonium, and the board has asked Iran to "reconsider" the project. Tehran has told the IAEA that the reactor is to begin operating in 2014.

The spent nuclear fuel from both light- water and heavy-water reactors contains plutoniumthe other type of fissile material in use. But clandestinely obtaining weapons-grade plutonium from light-water reactors is considerably more difficult.


Uranium-Enrichment Program

Tehran has been conducting research on two types of centrifuges: the P-1 and the more advanced P-2. Iran acquired its centrifuge materials and equipment from a clandestine supply network run by former Pakistani nuclear official Abdul Qadeer Khan. Iran has not been fully forthcoming to the IAEA about either of these programs. The agency is concerned that Tehran may have conducted undisclosed work on both types of centrifuges and may also have an ongoing clandestine centrifuge program.

Iran s capability to produce enough centrifuges for its programs is unclear. A diplomatic source in Vienna close to the IAEA told Arms Control Today recently that Iran currently lacks the expertise to produce P-2 centrifuges. Tehran can build large numbers of P-1 centrifuges but not enough to meet the commercial centrifuge facilitys planned capacity, the source said.

Procurement Efforts

The IAEAs investigation of these efforts has been hampered by Irans lack of full cooperation. Tehran has both lagged in fulfilling IAEA requests for documentation and provided the agency with false information regarding its centrifuge procurement efforts.

Iran has acknowledged receiving centrifuge components and related materials during the late 1980s and 1990s. Tehran has provided the agency with some information regarding these acquisitions as well as related offers from foreign suppliers.

According to a November 2005 report from IAEA Director-General Mohamed El Baradei, Iran has recently provided the agency with substantial amounts of additional documentation regarding its P-1 procurement activities. This information appears to have resolved some of the discrepancies in Irans previous accounts, but the IAEA has requested additional documentation. For example, Heinonen reported that " Iran has been unable to supply any documentation or other information about the meetings that led to the acquisition of 500 sets of P-1 centrifuge components in the mid-1990s."

Heinonens report also says that Iranian officials accounts of "events leading up to" the mid-1990s centrifuge deal offer "are still at variance" with accounts provided by "key members of the net work." The report provides no details about these discrepancies but does note Irans claims that "there were no contacts with the network between 1987 and mid-1993."

Iran claims that it conducted no work on its P-2 centrifuge program between 1995 and 2002, but the IAEA is skeptical of this claim.
Ambassador Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Irans permanent representative to the IAEA, told Arms Control Today Jan. 23 (see page 9) that Iran suspended work on the program during those years because Iran had not yet "achieved mastery" of the P-1 centrifuge.

However, this response does not appear to address the basis for the agencys concern. According to ElBaradeis September 2005 report, the agency suspects that Iran may have conducted undeclared centrifuge work because an Iranian contractor was able to make modifications for certain centrifuge components "within a short period" after first seeing the relevant drawings.

Additionally, ElBaradei reported in November that the agency is assessing documentation provided by Tehran indicating that an Iranian contractor who had worked on the program obtained related materials that the government had apparently not disclosed to the IAEA.

Heinonens report states that the IAEA, after sharing with Tehran information "indicating the possible deliveries" of P-2 centrifuge components, asked Iran in November "to check again" whether it had received additional components after 1995. Both the Vienna source and a former Department of State official familiar with the issue confirmed that the IAEAs information originated with Buhary Syed Abu Tahir, a businessman who has been detained by Malaysia for his role in the Khan network.

Both sources also noted that Tahir only recently revealed this information, although he has been in custody since the spring of 2004. Tahir had no documentation for his claim, the former U.S. official added.

In early 2005, it was revealed publicly that Iran also had obtained a small number of a more modern P-2 type. This wasnt news to the CIA beginning in the mid-1990s, these machines had been purchased by Iran from A.Q. Khan under the watchful eyes of the Agencys nuclear weapons experts working in the covert Directorate of Operations.

The Iran War Plans Go Off the Track

Accusations against Iran involving the Khan centrifuges emerged simultaneously with charges Washington was making against Saddam Hussein about aluminum tubes and Niger Yellowcake, charges also related to the Agency's intimate knowledge of the Khan network.

At the end of 2002, it was unclear which country would be first targeted. That answer was provided in February, when Colin Powell and President Bush addressed the UN. It was during this that Bush uttered the now infamous "sixteen deadly words" about Iraqs alleged Niger yellowcake purchases. CIA Director George Tenet fell on his sword, allowing the Agency to take blame when no WMDs were found in Iraq several months later. Ambassador Wilson wasn't so sanguine, publishing his op-ed in the New York Times on July 6. Eight days later, Robert Novak published his infamous column in which he identified Wilson's wife, Valerie Plame, as an undercover CIA officer working on WMD.

Just as the Plame scandal was unfolding, in June, 2003, the same figures at the White House were preparing the case for an attack on Iran. PBS Frontline recounts these events below:
The original date for inspection teams to view the newly discovered nuclear facilities at Natanz came and went in October 2002, but the following February Mohamed ElBaradei, the IAEA's director general, went to Iran to meet with nuclear officials. During the visit, Iran confirmed that it was building a heavy-water production plant in Arak and officially declared the two uranium enrichment plants it was building in Natanz, which ElBaradei visited. His trip was cut short, however, as the international debate over whether Iran's neighbor Iraq had a nuclear weapons program was about to erupt into war.

Once Saddam Hussein's regime had fallen to U.S.-led coalition forces, the world again turned its attention to Iran. In June 2003, the IAEA criticized Iran for hiding nuclear facilities and called on the country to sign an additional protocol to the NPT, putting its nuclear program under greater scrutiny. When talking to reporters later, White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer said the United States would not rule out the "military option" in dealing with Iran. (Fleisher resigned on July 13, shortly after issuing this threat, and one day before Novaks Plame article appeared.)

In August 2003, IAEA inspectors visiting Iran discovered traces of enriched uranium in Natanz. Enriched uranium is used to fuel nuclear reactors, but if it is enriched to a purer state, it can also be used to form the core of a nuclear weapon. During the visit, inspectors also found traces of enriched uranium at the Kalaye Electric Company, just south of Tehran. Iran claimed the equipment had been contaminated with highly enriched uranium when it was imported from an unnamed country, believed to be Pakistan.

Distracted by the unfolding Plame scandal, and facing increasing resistance from the international community to sanctions, the campign against Iran proved an on again off again series of threats and relaxation of tensions. The confrontation escalated again in February 2005, when under pressure from the U.S., Pakistans Foreign Minister finally acknowledged that A.Q. Khan had been providing centrifuges for Iran since the late 1980s, and confirmed IAEA reports that included a number of more modern P-2 type devices. The following month, Iranian Prime Minister Khatemi defiantly announced that Iran would not give up enrichment. The U.S. then pressed a campaign to bring UN sanctions against Iran, after a long delay, repeating a pattern of the run-up to the invasion of Iraq two years earlier.

Meanwhile, another track in preparations for war with Iran was in progress, but this was to blow-up badly with the OSP-AIPAC scandal, which proved to be the undoing of neocon efforts to push the US into war with Iran.

The Pentagon Office of Special Plans (OSP), created in March 2002 by Paul Wolfowitz and Douglas Feith, was installed as a stove-pipe to the Office of the Vice President (OVP). Through that office flowed salted Pentagon files containing intelligence data about Irans nuclear program "suggested by" Israeli intelligence officers working out of the Washington Embassy. This was a device to bypass the normal channels and checks and balances that attend CIA estimates and reporting.

All the while that OSP worked with Israeli intelligence, the FBI was watching as part of an ongoing surveillance of suspected espionage going back decades. Among OSP staff and consultants, a startlingly large percentage had previously been fired from government posts, lost security clearances or otherwise disciplined for unauthorized contacts with Israeli officials. That group included Feith, Richard Perle, and Harold Rhode.

On May 26, 2005, a 20-page indictment was handed down by the US District Court in Alexandria, VA against USAF Lt. Col. Larry Franklin, the OSP Iran desk officer, on espionage charges. Also indicted were two Iran experts, working for the American-Israel Political Affairs Council (AIPAC), one of whom had been observed communicating with Israeli officials since 1999. As news of the FBI investigation was leaked to Leslie Stahl, Naor Gilon, the Mossad Chief of Station in DC, and several Israeli military intelligence officers hastily slipped out of the country. The indictment lists 14 times between August 15, 2002, and June 23, 2004, that Mr. Franklin met with Mr. Gilon. See, ...

As the OSP-AIPAC Grand Jury deliberated, a related investigation across the Potomac River pushed into high gear.

On October 28, 2005, a Grand Jury returned an indictment against I. Lewis "Scooter" Libby on six felony charges of perjury and Obstruction of Justice. Special Counsel Patrick Fitzgerald announced that figures in the White House and Vice Presidents office was the subject of a previously quiet investigation into the outing of Plame.

North Korea and the Khan Network

When the A.Q. Khan network was made public, it was made clear that the CIA had been closely monitoring A.Q Khans activities "for decades". We also learned in 2006 at the time of first live test of North Koreas bomb that the technologies that were peddled to North Korea didn't work.

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druidity33 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:22 PM
Response to Original message
1. i'm reading now...
But i figured i'd give it a kick in the meantime.


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Rosa Luxemburg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:27 PM
Response to Original message
2. someone should tell this at the Libby trial!
that would raise some eyebrows!
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bear425 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:30 PM
Response to Original message
3. leveymg, in case no one's told you lately,
Thanks for all you do. This is certainly an astounding body of information. k/r
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H2O Man Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:33 PM
Response to Original message
4. Great !!!
Very well done!
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Old and In the Way Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:44 PM
Response to Original message
5. The Unified Field Theory that ties all the acts of treason together.
Outstanding work Mark! A real shame we won't find this kind of serious reporting in the MSM. Thanks for posting this on DU.

Please link Part 2 to this thread, just in case I miss it when it comes up.

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robertpaulsen Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:52 PM
Response to Original message
6. What Cheney destroyed when he blew BJ&A's cover must be documented.
And you are doing a remarkable job of doing just that.

It's threads like this I wish I could give multiple recommendations.

Can't wait for Part 2!
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Catherine Vincent Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:56 PM
Response to Original message
7. I'll kick and recommend this.
But all this info is too much for me to take in.

:crazy: :crazy: :crazy: :crazy: :crazy:
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Spazito Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 05:58 PM
Response to Original message
8. Excellent OP!
Thank you for all your work on this.
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bleever Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:09 PM
Response to Original message
9. Wow! All that, and AIPAC too.
Terrific work, Mark.
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Lone_Star_Dem Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:21 PM
Response to Original message
10. Very impressive post
I'm not finished reading yet, but I had to take a moment to thank you for putting this all together.
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librechik Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:29 PM
Response to Original message
11. thanks for pulling all this together
looking forward to part 2!
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133724 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:32 PM
Response to Original message
12. From the Memory Hole
Edited on Thu Feb-01-07 06:49 PM by 133724
Halliburton provided Iran with key nuclear reactor components

Halliburton, the scandal-plagued oil company, that Vice President Dick Cheney used to run, sold an Iranian company key components for a nuclear reactor, Halliburton sources revealed.

Cheney was CEO from 1995 to 2000, during which Halliburton Products and Services set up shop in Iran.

Halliburton, which sells about $40 million a year worth of oil field services to the Iranian Government, was secretly aiding one of Irans top nuclear program officials on natural gas related projects and provided the official's oil development company with the components last April, the sources said.

Halliburton Doing Business With the 'Axis of Evil'

So while President Bush attempts to pressure Iran to abandon its nuclear ambitions, the Tehran government reaps the benefits by doing business with Vice President Cheney's former employer.

Halliburton Secretly Doing Business With Key Member of Irans Nuclear Team
Author: Jason Leopold

According to journalist Jason Leopold, sources at former Cheney company Halliburton allege that, as recently as January of 2005, Halliburton sold key components for a nuclear reactor to an Iranian oil development company. Leopold says his Halliburton sources have intimate knowledge of the business dealings of both Halliburton and Oriental Oil Kish, one of Irans largest private oil companies.

Additionally, throughout 2004 and 2005, Halliburton worked closely with Cyrus Nasseri, the vice chairman of the board of directors of Iran-based Oriental Oil Kish, to develop oil projects in Iran. Nasseri is also a key member of Irans nuclear development team. Nasseri was interrogated by Iranian authorities in late July 2005 for allegedly providing Halliburton with Irans nuclear secrets. Iranian government officials charged Nasseri with accepting as much as $1 million in bribes from Halliburton for this information.

Halliburton Subsidiary to Build North Korea's First Light-Water Reactor

A jubilant U.S. State Department announced today that the Halliburton subsidiary of Buhn & Dogale, a small ceramic figurine manufacturing firm located in the Cayman Islands, has been granted a coveted $3.2 billion no-bid contract to construct North Korea's first light-water nuclear reactor. State Department spokesman Sean McCormack said key officials associated with the contract award, an important component of the recently signed North Korean Now You See Them Now You Don't Strategic Nuclear Arms Limitation Treaty, were "elated".

"We've all worked very hard over the past several years to put this agreement in place," said McCormack. "According to the terms of the treaty, we will provide funding, technical know-how, and construction capacity and infrastructure to build North Korea's light-water nuclear plant, in return for which North Korea will promise not to secretly build any more nuclear weapons and to destroy their current stockpile. Pyongyang has assured us they will begin to dismantle all of their existing nuclear capabilities as soon as the first spade hits the ground. They've been a little coy about telling us what those capabilities are, exactly, though."

Irans top nuclear negotiator faces charges over Halliburton ties

Tehran, Iran, Jul. 29 Irans judiciary has arrested several executives of a privately-owned oil drilling company over their dealings with the U.S.-based oil giant Halliburton and one of the countrys top nuclear negotiators is facing charges of involvement in an oil scam, a semi-official news agency reported.

Fars News Agency said Mehrdad Safdari, chairman of the Board of Directors of Oriental Oil Kish, and several of his collegues are being interrogated over the companys trading.

A senior member of Irans nuclear negotiations team, Sirus Nasseri, is the vice-chairman of the Board of Directors of the oil company. The news agency said a well-informed source close to the investigation sharply criticized Irans security and political agencies for their blatant weakness in preventing Nasseri from dealing with Halliburton.

Rumsfeld was on ABB board during deal with North Korea

Donald Rumsfeld, the US secretary of defence, was on the board of technology giant ABB when it won a deal to supply North Korea with two nuclear power plants.

Weapons experts say waste material from the two reactors could be used for so-called dirty bombs.

The Swiss-based ABB on Friday told swissinfo that Rumsfeld was involved with the company in early 2000, when it netted a $200 million (SFr270million) contract with Pyongyang.

The ABB contract was to deliver equipment and services for two nuclear power stations at Kumho, on North Koreas east coast.

And it goes on and on and on....
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ToolTex Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Feb-04-07 12:32 PM
Response to Reply #12
53. Wow! This sure ties it Rummy's motives in.
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mmonk Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:32 PM
Response to Original message
13. A definitive recommend.
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Peace Patriot Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:39 PM
Response to Original message
14. Great article! And what I'm getting from it is that the Bush Junta deliberately
destroyed the CIA's counter-proliferation capability--the network of covert agents/contacts in foreign countries that was keeping a lid on the illicit movement of dangerous materials and weapons, even as they were claiming to be so concerned about the matter.

There is no word for their hypocrisy. Super-hypocrisy? I'll have to think of one. Was it Orwell who coined the phrase "the Big Lie"?

This is the Biggest Lie. The Mother of All Lies. That Bush, Cheney and Rumsfeld have any interest whatsoever in "keeping us safe."

The theory laid out above is the rival theory (or possibly parallel theory) to the WMD-planting theory of Traitorgate, developed mostly here at DU, regarding a Bushite plot to plant WMDs in Iraq, that possibly someone in the Brewster-Jennings network discovered and foiled, and is the real reason for that blow-out outing not just of Plame but of the entire network. It makes sense that there was a specific trigger for those outingS--because of the evidence of panic in the Bush Junta during the weeks of late June/early July 2003. But that they had a specific trigger--and one that caused them to make serious mistakes--doesn't mean that, a) the outingS didn't serve other purposes as well, or b) there might have been a long term plot to "get" the CIA (disable it) by cooking up the Niger forgeries as an enticement to the CIA to get them on record as saying no-nukes-in-Iraq, then to trump them with a phony "find" of planted nukes.

I don't think the trigger was Wilson's article (7/6/03). I think the trigger was something that happened the next day (7/7/03)--the day Tony Blair was informed that whist-blower David Kelly, the Brits' top WMD expert, "could say some uncomfortable things." (Hutton report.) Kelly was already whistle-blowing (coincident in time with his old friend Judith Miller's "Mata Hari" meetings with Libby*). So what else did Kelly know that he "could say"? And, most particularly, what else did he know that could have gotten him killed ten days later, after a rough interrogation at a "safe house"?


*(Just learned from Judith Miller testimony yesterday, and FBI testimony today, in the Libby trial, that part of the conversation that Miller had with Libby on July 6, was about a book that Miller had written called "Germs." This is a book in which she had used David Kelly as a major quoted source. Now why would that come up in a Miller/Libby conversation about Valerie Plame and the Niger allegation? To get Miller to testify about Libby, Fitzgerald let her specify that certain portions of her talks with Libby could remain dark. She says it's because she had other "sources" on Iraq WMD intel, and she has been extremely adamant, going back to her 85 days in jail, about not revealing those sources. Would they tie her tighter to Kelly and his death than she already is? (Kelly's last email, on the day he died, was to Miller --the "many dark actors playing games" email). Miller/Libby meet in mid-June--a meeting they tried to conceal. Kelly was outed to his bosses as the BBC whistle-blower two weeks later (end of June). He was interrogated in the first week of July. Wilson published his article July 6. Blair was told what else Kelly knew on July 7. Plame was outed by Novak on July 14. Kelly died under highly suspicious circumstances on July 17. His office and computers were searched. And THEN, Brewster-Jennings--the entire network--was outed on July 22 (also by Novak). A rather incredible series of coincidences. Anyway, I'm intrigued by what ELSE Miller and Libby talked about, a week before Kelly was outed, and 10 days before Kelly was suicided.)


Specific purpose of outing the Brewster-Jennings network: Someone in the network foiled their grand scheme in Iraq ("finding" the planted nukes), which had been intended to discredit the CIA forever, and justify the war. General purpose: to make more wars with no honest professionals in the CIA trying to do their job of preventing WMD proliferation, and to profit like King Midas on all fronts--weapons proliferation, military contracts, oil.

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133724 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:56 PM
Response to Reply #14
15. Nothing like One Stop Shopping
First BFEE builds the reactors.

Then they bomb it.

Then they rebuild the country.

and then they start all over....

Think of it... One Stop shopping for war mongers...
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MessiahRp Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 12:43 PM
Response to Reply #15
41. That's what I get out of it.
Letting Khan go seems similar to me as well.

It's like they want guys like this to give weapons to places we want to invade just so we have a reason to invade them. Considering they have no remorse or care for human lives and consider anyone not in their circle to be an acceptable casualty, they just keep on allowing this stuff to happen (see: 9/11) or giving the weapons to the enemy (See: Iran-Reagan, many etcs.) as a means to an end.

Money and Power is all they care about. Funding the enemy with money and weapons and allowing commoners to die are just minor inconveniences when your motive is to build a global empire (see: PNAC) and get as filthy rich as possible from your position.

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flyarm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 02:13 AM
Response to Reply #14
31. whislteblower is afraid..she knew of the planting of wmd in iraq!
i posted this 2 yrs ago at du..from my files...others picked it up after...

but i had kept this in my files ..for a long time!!



Sat Nov-19-05 09:53 AM
Original message

whislteblower is afraid..she knew of the planting of wmd in iraq!
check out the date of this piece!! i kept it in my files!!

Real History and the Iraq War


June 20, 2003

A DOD whistleblower reportedly details an attempt by a covert U.S. team to plant weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. The team was said to have been later killed by friendly fire due to CIA incompetence.

Pentagon Whistleblower Reveals CIA/ DoD Fiascos

IN a world exclusive, Al Martin has published a news story about a Department of Defense whistleblower who has revealed that a US covert operations team had planted "Weapons of Mass Destruction" (WMDs) in Iraq -- then "lost" them when the team was killed by so-called "friendly fire."

The Pentagon whistleblower, Nelda Rogers, is a 28-year veteran debriefer for the Defense Department. She has become so concerned for her safety that she decided to tell the story about this latest CIA-military fiasco in Iraq.

According to Al Martin, "Ms.Rogers is number two in the chain of command within this DoD special intelligence office. This is a ten-person debriefing unit within the central debriefing office for the Department of Defense.

The information that is being leaked out is information "obtained while she was in Germany heading up the debriefing of returning service personnel, involved in intelligence work in Iraq for the Department of Defense and/or the Central Intelligence Agency.

futher proof of this is as follows ..from my files:


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blm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Wed Feb-07-07 07:01 PM
Response to Reply #14
57. Thanks for that perspective. Didn't think about Kelley.
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porphyrian Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 06:57 PM
Response to Original message
16. I'll kick that. - n/t
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bobthedrummer Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 08:24 PM
Response to Original message
17. k&r-Really solid work Mark!
Here's a link you may already have gone over, it may have some disinfo (what doesn't) yet it supports what you've produced-an indictment for crimes including treason.

"Proliferation Unbound: Nuclear Tales from Pakistan"
by Gaurav Kampani 2-23-04

Here's another link that now, more than ever, seems to be an indication of blowback.
"BBC: Pakistan nuclear kidnap foiled" started 1-15-07
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lovuian Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 08:30 PM
Response to Original message
18. totally Awesome it was really about destroying Plames
CIa Group for reason Cheney knows
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EVDebs Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 08:34 PM
Response to Original message
19. Greg Palast's Khan Job article shows Bush is implicated in this too
from Khan Job:

"" A top-level CIA operative who spoke with us on condition of strictest anonymity said that, after Bush took office, There was a major policy shift at the National Security Agency. Investigators were ordered to back off from any inquiries into Saudi Arabian financing of terror networks, especially if they touched on Saudi royals and their retainers. That put the Bin Ladens, a family worth a reported $12 billion and a virtual arm of the Saudi royal household, off limits for investigation. Osama was the exception; he remained a wanted man, but agents could not look too closely at how he filled his piggy bank. The key rule of any investigation, follow the money, was now violated, and investigations-at least before September 11-began to die.""
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kohodog Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:12 PM
Response to Original message
20. Wow. Great job.
And where is the mighty NYT and WAPO?
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Beetwasher Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:18 PM
Response to Original message
21. Sensational Work!
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twylatharp Donating Member (81 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:30 PM
Response to Original message
22. What were the motives for the "dark actors" wanting nuclear
weapons? Maybe it was something even worse than planting them. :scared:
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Peace Patriot Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:59 PM
Response to Reply #22
25. Yeah, nuclear terrorism could be a goal. But the "many darks actors" that
Kelly was talking about probably had to do with who outed him to his bosses, and also to the machinations behind the cooked intel. My hypothesis is that he figured one of them out--perhaps from friends in Iraq--that the REASON for the cooked up nuke allegation was that it was Part 1 of a plan that had a Part 2. 1. Make the allegation, get to really stick in the public's mind. 2. Then plant and "find" the nukes. It would have solved so-o-o many problems for the Bushites and Blairites--political problems, CIA problems.

Kelly had a rough interrogation in a "safe house," and was threatened with the Official Secrets Act. So clearly he knew SOMETHING (more than he had already said publicly). There is also evidence that Blair was informed of something else that Kelly knew. The WMD-planting theory of Traitorgate is a good guess at what he knew, and what got him killed.
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twylatharp Donating Member (81 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 10:17 PM
Response to Reply #25
26. Yes, there would have been little Iraq war opposition
except perhaps a small group suspecting the nukes were planted that would consider be framed as "unpatriotic kooks".., I bet the cabal is p.o.ed that their scheme didn't pan out as well as some of the others.
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leftwingnut Donating Member (843 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:54 PM
Response to Original message
23. Wow! Read This!!!
Thanks leveymg! Good stuff.

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Octafish Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 09:55 PM
Response to Original message
24. Here are some more friends of AQ Khan...

Alleged Perpetrators and Law Enforcement Results

Khans efforts to jump-start nuclear weapon programs in three new states involved numerous actors in a wide range of countries.

At the core of Khans dealings with Iran, North Korea, and Libya was the transfer of technology that comprised the essence of Pakistans nuclear deterrent capability, presumably some of that countrys most prized and closely guarded state secrets. Several levels of officials in the Pakistani nuclear and military hierarchy have been investigated by Pakistani authorities. No prosecutions are known to have been brought, but a number of individuals, some of whom were held for debriefings for as long as six months, remain under house arrest and one appears to be in the indefinite custody of Pakistani authorities.

A.Q. Khan
Khan is believed to be under house arrest in Islamabad, following his detailed disclosures in early 2004 to Pakistani authorities regarding his activities, his public apology on February 4 of that year, and his pardon immediately afterwards by Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf.

Khans immediate subordinates at the Khan Research Laboratories (KRL)
At least 15 officials linked to KRL were questioned by Pakistani authorities in early 2004. Most were released in several weeks or less, but three were held in custody for six months and then placed under house arrest, Maj. (ret.) Islam al-Haq (Khans personal staff officer), Nazeer Ahmed (Director-General of Science and Technology at KRL), and Brig. General (ret.) Sajawal Khan Malik (head of security at KRL). Only one KRL official, Mohammed Farooq, A.Q. Khans principal deputy, is thought to remain in detention at this time. <3>

Senior members of the Pakistan military
Three former Chiefs of Army Staff (COAS), Mirza Aslam Beg (COAS from August 1988 to August 1991), Abdul Wahid Kakar (COAS from January 1993-January 1996) and Jehangir Karamat (COAS from January 1996 to October 1998), have been accused in various reports of being involved in the affair, as either knowledgeable of and acquiescing in Khans activities, or actively facilitating them. <4> Beg and Karamat were reportedly questioned by Pakistani authorities but were not charged with any wrong-doing. Karamat is currently Pakistans ambassador to the United States. President Pervez Musharraf, who has served as COAS since October 1998, is also alleged to have been knowledgeable about the Khan network, but denies this was the case. <5>

This was the site of SCOPE, a subsidiary of the SCOMI Group BHD, one of the Khan networks off-shore machining and manufacturing shops, which produced an array of aluminum components for the Libyan centrifuge enrichment program, including casings, end-caps, and baffles. The unit was set up by Tahir, but owned by a company controlled by Kamaluddin Abdullah, son of Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi. <6> Presumably a number of other business persons and technicians would have been involved in the effort.

Buhary Syed Abu Tahir
After being cleared of violating Malaysian criminal law, Tahir was arrested on May 28, 2004, under Malaysias internal security law, and remains in detention. <7>

Kamaluddin Abdullah, and other officers/employees of SCOPE
No charges are known to have been filed against these individuals.

Western Europe
At least nine individuals from Western European states have been identified in press accounts or official sources as assisting in illicit procurement activities in support of A.Q. Khans efforts to assist Pakistans nuclear weapons program and/or nuclear programs elsewhere. Several of these individuals participated by assisting manufacturing and machining operations in Malaysia, South Africa, or Turkey relevant to the production of uranium enrichment equipment. The group includes three Swiss citizens, Friederich Tinner and his sons Urs and Marco; a Dutch citizen, Henk Slebos; a citizen of unidentified nationality, Zoran Filipovic; a British citizen, Abu Siddiqui; and German citizens Gotthard Lerch, Rainer Vollmerich, and Heinz Mebus (deceased). The Tinners, personnally and through companies they owned or operated in Europe (including CETEC and Traco), are alleged to have provided technical support in setting up and operating production lines for SCOPE in Malaysia. Marco Tinner is alleged to have used Turkish firms to manufacture centrifuge parts, which were then exported to SCOPE for further modification. Henk Slebos is reported to have sent dual-use equipment to Pakistan and to be part owner of ETI Elektroteknik, a Turkish firm that also allegedly supported the Khan network (see below). Zoran Filipovic is said to have worked with Slebos, helping to smuggle nuclear relevant dual-use goods out of the Netherlands. Abu Siddiqui did the same from England. Gotthard Lerch is reported to have assisted Libya in developing an advanced machine shop to support its planned uranium enrichment activities and to have arranged for the production of centrifuge parts in South Africa for the Libyan program. (Another individual, Peter Griffin, is said to have supported the outfitting of the Libyan machine shop; he successfully sued the Guardian (London) for libel for falsely alleging that Malaysian authorities found him guilty of providing assistance to Libyas nuclear program. His son Paul Griffin is discussed below.) Rainer Vollmerich procured items related to uranium enrichment for nuclear facilities in Pakistan.

Friederich Tinner
In custody of Swiss authorities. <8>

Urs Tinner
In custody of Swiss authorities, since November 2005, awaiting trial. <9>

Marco Tinner
In custody of Swiss authorities; under investigation in Turkey. <10>

Henk Slebos
Convicted in the Netherlands on charges related to smuggling nuclear components to Pakistan. Received 12 month sentence, (8 months suspended, 4 months served); ordered to personally pay a fine of 100,000 euros (US$120,000). <11>

Zoran Filipovic
Convicted in the Netherlands of exporting controlled items to Pakistan. Sentenced to 180 days of community service and fine of 5,000 euro. <12>

Abu Siddiqui
Convicted in the UK of illegally evading British export laws by shipping nuclear dual-use items to Khans lab in Pakistan. Received a 12-month suspended sentence and a 6,000 fine. <13>

Gotthard Lerch
Charged with violating German export laws; arrested in November 2005, but not currently in custody. <14>

Rainer Vollmerich
Convicted of illegally procuring and exporting controlled nuclear materials to Pakistan. Sentenced to prison term of 7 years and three months. <15>

Investigations in France and Spain
According to two leading U.S. experts on the Khan affair, David Albright and Corey Hinderstein, investigations are also being pursued in France and Spain. None has resulted in arrests or prosecutions as of this writing. It has not been possible to obtain additional details of these developments.

South Africa
Johan Meyer, founder of Trade Fin Engineering, and Gerhard Wisser, owner of Kirsch Engineering, are alleged to have supported the Khan enterprise along two tracks, reportedly working with Tahir. First, they received and transshipped sensitive goods needed for Libyas uranium enrichment program and, second, engaged in the manufacture of components for that program, in particular, vacuum pumps and equipment for handling uranium in gaseous form.

Johan Meyer
South African authorities indicted Meyer, but dismissed the charges against him after he agreed to testify against Wisser. <16>

Gerhard Wisser (and his employee Daniel Geiges)
Awaiting trial in Pretoria. <17>

Khans network operated in Turkey along the same tracks as in South Africa, with several key firms supporting Khans sale of a uranium enrichment plant to Libya by receiving and transshipping dual-use goods and by manufacturing components needed in the gas centrifuge uranium enrichment process, in particular electronic components. The key individuals and firms alleged to be involved are Gunes Cire (sometimes, spelled Gunas Jireh), director of ETI Elektroteknik, and Selim Alguadis, President of EKA, also a firm specializing in electronics, as well as several of Alguadiss business partners.

Gunes Cire
Arrested and detained in Turkey. Died in 2004. <18>

Selim Alguadis
Under investigation by Turkish authorities; potential penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment.

Zubeyir Baybars Cayci, Ertugrul Sonmez
Turkish authorities said to be seeking indictments against these individuals who are partners of Alguadis; potential penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment. <19>

Tahir worked out of Dubai, where he was Managing Director of SMB Group, and Freiderich Tinner, Peter Griffin, and others are alleged to have used this locale extensively as a transshipment point to disguise the ultimate destination of sensitive equipment. Griffins son, Paul, managed the Dubai-based company Gulf Technical Industries (GTI), reported to be a frequently used cut-out for the network. <20> The co-director of GTI, Ahmad Hassan Rashid Ahmad al Abbar, was the local sponsor of the company. <21> It does not appear that authorities in Dubai are pursuing charges against any individuals associated with the Khan network.

Paul Griffin
Not known to be currently the subject of investigation; has denied allegations of wrong-doing.

Ahmad Hassan Rashid Ahmad al Abbar
Not known to be the subject of investigation.

Some of the materials used by SCOPE to manufacture 300 metric tons of aluminum tubing were purchased from Bikar Metalle Asia, a Singapore subsidiary of the German company Bikar Metalle. This tubing was sent through Dubai. There is no indication that Bikar Metalle Asia was aware of the purpose to which the material was to be used. <22>

Bikar Metalle Asia
Management was not prosecuted; found not to have committed a crime or to have hidden its involvement. <23>

South Korea
The Khan network acquired specialized balancing machines from South Korea. The manufacturer of the machines, Hanbando, Inc., has not been accused of wrong-doing, but the exporting company, known in court records only as D was the subject of law enforcement efforts.

D Corporation
Prosecuted in late 2004 and acquitted by a South Korean court because of lack of evidence of intent to break South Korean export control laws. Prosecuted for a second violation and acquitted on the same grounds. South Korean Ministry of Commerce and Industry, however, imposed a one-year ban on import and export activities by the organization. <24>

Specialized Japanese three-dimensional measuring machines, needed to build uranium enrichment centrifuges with the necessary precision, were found by the IAEA in Libya during inspections as that country dismantled its nuclear weapons program. On February 13, 2006, Japanese authorities raided the Mitutoyo Corp., outside Tokyo, manufacturer of the machines, which were shipped to Tripoli via Dubai by Scomi Precision Engineering. <25>

Mitutoyo Corp.
Under investigation.


Thank you for a great thread, Mark!
Infinite thanks for your tour d'force, an indictment of the traitorous gangsters who've hijacked America.
May they face Justice.
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leveymg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 06:45 AM
Response to Reply #24
32. Let's not forget Khan's bankers - BCCI, Saudi intelligence, and the Capcom network
I'm sure you've read the Kerry Commission report that raised questions about the complicity of the CIA in BCCI and its financing of nuclear arms proliferation and grand-scale fraud in the U.S. and international financial markets. Read the Conclusion, in particular, for the context under which the Bush 41 allowed this monster to flourish.

It suggests to me that the CIA's use of the Khan network originated in the peculiar deal that Bush 41 made with the Saudis at the time of Iran-Contra. Anyway, here's another peek at the Senate report:



In the entire BCCI affair, perhaps no entity is more mysterious and yet more central to BCCI's collapse and criminality than Capcom, a London and Chicago based commodities futures firm which operated between 1984 and 1988. Capcom is vital to understanding BCCI because BCCI's top management and most important Saudi shareholders were involved with the firm. Moreover, Capcom moved huge amounts of money -- billions of dollars -- which passed through the future's markets in a largely anonymous fashion.

Capcom was created by the former head of BCCI's Treasury Department, Ziauddin Ali Akbar, who capitalized it with funds from BCCI and BCCI customers. The company was staffed, primarily, by former BCCI bankers, many of whom had worked with Akbar in Oman and few of whom had any experience in the commodities markets. The major investors in the company were almost exclusively Saudi and were largely controlled by Sheik AR Khalil, the chief of Saudi intelligence. Additionally, the company employed many of the same practices as BCCI, especially the use of nominees and front companies to disguise ownership and the movement of money. Four Americans, Larry Romrell, Robert Magness, Kerry Fox and Robert Powell -- none of whom had any experience or expertise in the commodities markets -- played important and varied roles as frontmen.

While the Subcommittee has been able to piece together the history of Capcom and can point to many unusual and even criminal acts committed by the firm, it still has not been able to determine satisfactorily the reason Capcom was created and the purposes it served for the various parties connected to the BCCI scandal. It appears from the available evidence that Akbar, BCCI, and the Saudis all may have pursued different goals through Capcom, including:

-- misappropriation of BCCI assets for personal enrichment.

-- laundering billions of dollars from the Middle East to the US and other parts of the world.

-- siphoning off assets from BCCI to create a safe haven for them outside of the official BCCI empire.



Turmoil in the Persian Gulf after the fall of the Shah of Iran in 1979 left a vacuum in the CIA's capability to gather information. The huge CIA operation in Iran was lost, including its most important listening stations to monitor the Soviet Union and China. With Iran and Iraq locked in a land war, options remaining were limited to several friendly nations: Saudi Arabia, U.A.E., Oman, and Kuwait. With the revolutionary changes in technology that spawned the modern communications industry in the 1980's came the need for the proper U.S. agencies to employ it, and, conversely, for our allies to gain access to it.

It was in this climate that majority shareholders in BCCI approached U.S. executives in the communications industry to serve on the board of Capcom. The Americans, Larry Romrell, Robert Magness, both of Telecommunications Inc., and Kerry Fox of American Telecommunications Company, had no knowledge or background in commodities trading, and evidently were never involved in the management of the firm.

The evidence of the role of Saudi Intelligence officials, Adham and Khalil, who are the principle liaisons with the CIA over two decades, owning and controlling Capcom, is disturbing to the Subcommittee for two reasons. First, the Subcommittee is concerned by the possibility of a foreign intelligence service promoting a policy agenda in the U.S. Secondly, the close relationship of Saudi Intelligence to the CIA leads to the question of whether or not the CIA was aware of Saudi activities in the U.S.. The CIA has unequivocally told the Subcommittee that it did not use and has no knowledge of Capcom, and that it was unaware of the investments in Capcom by Sheik Adham and Sheik Khalil.

Unfortunately, it will be increasingly difficult to ascertain the purposes for which Capcom was used. In a December, 1990 letter, it was noted that Mrs. Puri, wife of A.J. Puri, was handling the "final details" of the Capital Fund wind-up. Although the meaning of final details is ambiguous, the London Independent reported in August, 1991 that "more than 100 boxes of files and other papers belonging to BCCI-linked Capcom Financial Services...were destroyed on the orders of a senior Capcom official...The request to destroy the documents was made by Sushma Puri...Ms. Puri is also co-director along with Capcom's founder, S.Z.A. Akbar, of Futures Advisory Services."(135)

Documents do still exist in the United States. Andrea Cocoran of the CFTC told the Subcommittee that the CFTC has all the records. Chairperson Gramm added that "We do have an investigation that continues regarding Capcom US."(136)

While it is encouraging to learn that the CFTC is continuing to investigate Capcom, four years have lapsed since Capcom was originally indicted. Counsel for Larry Romrell, the Chairman of Capcom, told the Subcommittee in the spring of 1992 that his client had not been interviewed nor had his records been subpoenaed by any law enforcement agency: the Subcommittee was the first government entity to show interest in Mr. Romrell's role in the entire Capcom affair. Clearly, in the United States, a much greater investigative effort needs to be devoted to Capcom. It is hard to understand why British regulators -- in light of the Peat Marwick report -- have allowed Capcom UK to continue operations. Subcommittee staff have been advised that Lord Justice Bingham has looked into the irregularities surrounding Capcom in the United Kingdom. His findings regarding Capcom's activities in the UK will, it is hoped, expose more of the facts concerning its extensive activities in the UK than the US investigations have been able to uncover.

In terms of the broader lessons of Capcom, regulation of the futures markets need to be greatly strengthened. Even a cursory background check on Akbar would have revealed that he had managed the Treasury accounts at BCCI which lost $400 million in the futures markets in the early eighties. Moreover, regulators who appeared before the Subcommittee testified on the one hand that annual audits of Capcom US turned up nothing irregular, but that Capcom's books and records were a mess. That such a contradiction was allowed to continue for four years indicates that the CFTC needs to critically review the effectiveness of the various exchange audits. Finally, money laundering should be made a crime under the Commodities Futures Trading Act.

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bobthedrummer Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 02:45 PM
Response to Reply #32
46. A brief post about the history of the economies of scale of the black budget
As the introduction of the report on BCCI stated in 1992 (and BCCI like BNL was only one of a network) no government regulation was possible.

"Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy" was the contribution to the report by the sub-committee that is called The Kerry Report. The statements of Gorman Bannister deserve attention and extrapolation.

Most DUers and casual readers have no idea of the history of people and organizations like Robert Lee Vesco, Lord Lyndon O. Pindling, Bernard Cornfield, Investors Overseas Service and how this leads directly to the "current political moment" and your work.

The supply-siders like Ivan Boesky and Michael Milken, the "voodoo" economics that Ronald Reagan's "advisors" encouraged while running Iran-Contra and other black budget "enterprises" have economies of scale that now have made US insolvent and in the critical stages of a destabilization operation imo.

Richard V. Allen was Reagan's National Security Advisor immediately after that administration took office. Richard V. Allen is another example of the economies of scale of the black budget imo. He reminds me of a Nazi influence within the RW of the Republican Party that has been unchecked.

Allen has many profiles, here are two of them offered as an example of the economies of scale of corruption:
One from GWU's Homeland page

another from

Btw, Robert Lee Vesco's son, Daniel V. Williams, is a Dallas businessman.
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kineneb Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Feb-04-07 04:55 PM
Response to Reply #32
55. BCCI & the Pope, etc., more strange connections?
reading along the thread and something popped into my mind... connection of BCCI and Pope John Paul I, the death of P-2 banker and connections to Poppy Bush...

gad, what a tangled web...

I googled "bcci, pope john paul 1" and found this link (tinfoil hat time, given source):

and this quote:


"Congressional documents show that BCCI was practically a siamese
twin of BANCA NAZIONALE del LAVORO (BNL), owned in part by the
Vatican. BNL was known as the bank of PROPAGANDA DUE (P-2), the
secret freemason society, made up of top judges, legislators,
cabinet members, secret police, and journalists of Italy, France,
England, and the United States. P-2 is devoted to overthrowing
representative governments -- because they are "inefficient" --
and promoting the revival of fascism. Among its members have been
George Bush and Alexander Haig. At one of the presidential
inaugural balls in 1981, Bush arranged for the new president,
Ronald Reagan, to sit right next to P-2 chief Lucio Gelli.

As part of an internal struggle and also a fight with the
Vatican, P-2's top banker, Roberto Calvi, was murdered in 1982
and found hanging under Black Friar's Bridge, London. Network
newswoman Jessica Savitch, who was doing a series of TV shows
about this on Public Television, was apparently murdered and
dumped in a canal as if by accident.

(References: "In God's Name", by David Yallop, and Luigi
DiFonzo's "St. Peter's Banker". Yallop's book goes into the
reasons why Pope John Paul I was murdered by poisoning in 1978.
His successor, Pope John Paul II, was nearly assassinated in
1981, some believe for similar reasons -- not adequately catering
to the traditional mafia. The other book details the financial
affairs of mafia/CIA banker Michele Sindona and his attempts to
penetrate the U.S. market. Sindona's dealings, on behalf of
various Popes, were through Chicago exchanges.)"


another interesting list of info on BCCI:

just plain weird stuff.
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blm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Wed Feb-07-07 04:00 PM
Response to Reply #32
56. Imagine if Kerry had all of us forwarding the BCCI material around the internet DURING that time.
This world would be a completely different place - no Bush2 and no 9-11 and no Iraq war.
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speedoo Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 11:38 PM
Response to Original message
27. K&R, bookmarked, the whole nine yards, etc.
Outstanding work.
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Raksha Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-01-07 11:55 PM
Response to Original message
28. A fantastic piece of research! K & R and bookmarking.
I haven't read all or even most of it yet (that would take some time!) but I'm bookmarking it to print out and read later. Thank you.
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Straight Shooter Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 01:19 AM
Response to Original message
29. Retaliation against Joe Wilson was always just the icing on the cake.
I still don't understand why the public cannot comprehend the irreparable damage done to the Counter-Proliferation Division.

I also don't know for certain why the media glosses over the issue and instead focuses on Valerie Plame and Joe Wilson. It could be because the media is: (a) too lazy to investigate; (b), too intimidated and/or rewarded by the bush administration; or, (c), had made a conscious decision not to acknowledge this because the import is so diametrically in conflict with what the general public believes and wants to believe about its government.


Excellent post, leveymg. Meticulous and comprehensive. I'm printing this out, so I can study it with highlights and margin notes.

:thumbsup: :thumbsup:
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WinkyDink Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 01:28 AM
Response to Original message
30. Put them all together; they spell "TREASON".
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Pacifist Patriot Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 07:42 AM
Response to Reply #30
33. Funny, I saw the word "EVIL" on the wall.
But I do so hate to use it. It sounds way too reminiscent of something they would say. *shudder* I couldn't agree with you more. I cannot think of a more treasonous bunch.
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OmmmSweetOmmm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 07:47 AM
Response to Original message
34. When I first found out about Plame and her work at "Brewster Jennings", I KNEW that she was the
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NoSheep Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 10:07 AM
Response to Original message
35. Excellent post! Thank you.
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montanto Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 10:29 AM
Response to Original message
36. Great work! K/R nt
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formercia Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 11:05 AM
Response to Original message
37. Great Post
I am humbled by your effort.
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WinkyDink Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 11:34 AM
Response to Original message
38. Was Nicola Calipari snipered because of the Niger forgeries?
Edited on Fri Feb-02-07 11:34 AM by WinkyDink
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rman Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 11:41 AM
Response to Reply #38
39. kick
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KoKo Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 12:02 PM
Response to Original message
40. Kick....for reading later....
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colorado_ufo Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 12:51 PM
Response to Original message
42. Amazing work!
Congratulations on an arsenal of "smoking guns." Please keep writing and eventually publish this in book form. It needs a much wider reading.
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halobeam Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 01:37 PM
Response to Original message
43. Would love to see this rec. as many times as we have members

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The Cleaner Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 02:01 PM
Response to Original message
44. Could it be their plan even before Bush took office was to invade the entire middle east?
And in order to establish support for this first, court the religious right, a.k.a. the "Armageddon Lobby" which would see it as a fulfillment of prophecy?

Makes one wonder, makes one REALLY wonder...
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leveymg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 02:19 PM
Response to Reply #44
45. You should read this 1997 document, "A Clean Break: A Strategy to Secure . . ."
It was written by some of the same neocons who set up OSP - Perle, Wurmser, Feith -- it lays out the order of "regime change": Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and finally Iran.

The five countries that the CIA NPD division seemed to be tracking most actively through the Khan network were the "Axis of Evil" troika (Iraq, Iran and North Korea) plus Libya and Pakistan.
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grizmaster Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 03:13 PM
Response to Original message
47. kicked, recommended, bookmarked and unabashedly praised
yup, it's that good
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progressoid Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 03:16 PM
Response to Original message
48. marking this for weekend reading
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happydreams Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 03:30 PM
Response to Original message
49. K&R of course. Rumsfeld and North Korean nukes.
I don't have access to my files but Rummy was on the BOD of a Swiss company that sold nukes to N. Korea while at the same time being on Nuclear Commission in the US that undermined Clinton's measures to address the problem.

I'll see if I can dig that up.
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ftr23532 Donating Member (334 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 04:11 PM
Response to Original message
50. K&R and I'm looking forward to Part 2!
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bobbolink Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-02-07 06:18 PM
Response to Original message
51. I think we should be given college credit for all these threads! ^_^
Thanks so much for all this info--your work is much appreciated!

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bobthedrummer Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Feb-03-07 03:25 PM
Response to Original message
52. kick
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Garbo 2004 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Feb-04-07 04:03 PM
Response to Original message
54. A few points/corrections...
1. Armitage mentioned Wilson's wife to Woodward in June 2003, not May. Armitage's apppointment calendar, released pursuant to a FOIA request as I recall, showed a June 13 appointment with Woodward, which confirms Woodward's account of when he was told by his source.

2. Are you suggesting that Armitage was part of the OVP's conspiracy against the Wilsons?

3. Can't accept your characterization of 2002 ending in uncertainty regarding who would be Bush's first target. By the end of 2002 there was no question it was Iraq. You write:

"Accusations against Iran involving the Khan centrifuges emerged simultaneously with charges Washington was making against Saddam Hussein about aluminum tubes and Niger Yellowcake, charges also related to the Agency's intimate knowledge of the Khan network.

At the end of 2002, it was unclear which country would be first targeted. That answer was provided in February, when Colin Powell and President Bush addressed the UN. It was during this that Bush uttered the now infamous "sixteen deadly words" about Iraq’s alleged Niger yellowcake purchases."

Correction: Bush didn't address the UN in February. The famous "sixteen words" were in Bush's January 2003 State of the Union speech. "The British government has learned that Saddam Hussein recently sought significant quantities of uranium from Africa." /

I really don't see how you can state that at the end of 2002 it was unclear what country would be first targeted, unless you forget 2002. By the end of 2002 there was no doubt Iraq was the target. Administration rhetoric throughout 2002, the October IWR, activities at the UN, troops deployments, were pointing towards military action on Iraq. There were antiwar marches in Europe and the US in 2002 against the build up to war in Iraq. It wasn't as if at end of 2002 the world was wondering which country was the immediate target of Bush Administration. In fact, there was talk of possible military action against Iraq in December 2001, before the 2002 SOTU:,,6... (This Guardian article also references a NYT article.)

Condi's "mushroom cloud" Sept 8, 2002 CNN:
Bush's Sept 12, 2002 speech to the UN: /

There are many news articles from throughout 2002 regarding the Bush administration's push for "regime change" and military action against Iraq, but here are a few easily found and accessible:,,841824,00....,,837233,00....,,837325,00....,,769066,00....
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leveymg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Feb-08-07 05:28 AM
Response to Reply #54
59. Thanks. Noted. On one point, though, I would maintain that
the Administration was prone to swing both ways, and while Iraq was obviously Target #1 they were following the same course into Iran at that time. The only questions were how far east and how soon would US forces complete the movement. Iran was part of the same strategic operation in 2002. That didn't change until the summer of 2003, when DoD and CIA leadership realized how completely they had been defrauded by OSP, OVP and the White House on the WMD issue.

Finally, yes, Armitage was clearly the designated point man on the outing of AQ Khan/CIA CPD and the Wilsons. I'm not saying it was his idea, but he obviously played a role, if only as a flack-catcher, but I believe he's part of the inner group of those who planned to redraw the map of the Middle East. He's certainly a key, long-time Pakistan covert specialist.
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blm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-09-07 03:19 PM
Response to Reply #59
60. Interesting point that has also been missed...... the debates where Bush is
Edited on Fri Feb-09-07 03:21 PM by blm
attacked for his indifference to proliferation, and Bush answers that they brought AQKhan to justice. We know that they let Khan off with a slap to the wrist and showed complete INATTENTION to his crimes because they didn't want news made out of his trial, at all. But the whole limited hangout hook was set up there and the meia just nods their heads. I think Khan was brought in and kept secluded in Pakjistan then so it would be their answer if BCCI questions came up. I hate to say it, but it was clever, even as it was diabolical.

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Major Hogwash Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Wed Feb-07-07 07:19 PM
Response to Original message
58. Yes, it has become clear that Cheney directed Libby to talk to reporters
And now we know that Bush knew what was going on as well.
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laughingloudly Donating Member (23 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-09-07 03:33 PM
Response to Original message
61. But I thought.......
it was the CIA that planted the timed charges in the twin towers on 9/11. It has been reported that they set those charges on behalf of Cheney and the neocons. Why would Cheney then go out to destroy the CIA and its covert operatives? Was he trying to eliminate or intimidate witnesses?

Maybe this was a a double-envelopement with a back-flip end game worked out by PNAC. Get the CIA to stage 9/11, out Plame to discredit the CIA, and then use the evidence of CIA complicity in 9/11 to destroy the agency and relace it with a military intel unit that was answerable only to Rumsfeld! Maybe we haven't seen the final move in this grand chess game!
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blm Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Feb-09-07 06:53 PM
Response to Reply #61
62. typical - muddy the waters and hope no one sees the clear facts.
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