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msgadget Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Mon Apr-03-06 10:02 PM
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Reverse Migration?

An accelerating exodus of American-born blacks, coupled with slight declines in birthrates and a slowing influx of Caribbean and African immigrants, have produced a decline in New York City's black population for the first time since the draft riots during the Civil War, according to preliminary census estimates.

An analysis of the latest figures, which show the city with 30,000 fewer black residents in 2004 than in 2000, also revealed stark contrasts in the migration patterns of blacks and whites.

While white New Yorkers are still more likely than blacks to leave the city, they are also more likely to relocate to the nearby suburbs (which is where half the whites move) or elsewhere in the Northeast, or to scatter to other cities and retirement communities across the country. Moreover, New York remains a magnet for whites from most other states.

In contrast, 7 in 10 black people who are moving leave the region altogether. And, unlike black migrants from Chicago, Philadelphia and Detroit, most of them go to the South, especially to Florida, the Carolinas and Georgia. The rest move to states like California, Ohio, Illinois and Michigan with large black populations.

Also, New York has a net loss of blacks to all but five states, and those net gains are minuscule.

"This suggests that the black movement out of New York City is much more of an evacuation than the movement for whites," said William Frey, a demographer for the Brookings Institution, who analyzed migration patterns for The New York Times.


Over all, more black residents who left New York City moved to Florida than to New Jersey.

But black residents who left the city were more likely to remain in the region if they had higher incomes and were college educated. And while black migrants to the South include some aspiring professionals, a larger share were lower income, less educated and elderly.

"All this suggests that New York City out-migration of blacks is unique in its scope net losses to most states and pattern especially destined to the South," Dr. Frey said.

Reversing a tide from the South who altered the complexion of the city earlier in the 20th century, the number of American-born blacks leaving the city has exceeded the number arriving since at least the late 1970's.

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undergroundrailroad Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Apr-08-06 02:54 AM
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1. Fascinating demographics Ms. G. Thank you for posting this article.
I can tell you I know several friends who are leaving New York to relocate in the South, especially FL, ATL and VA. They are getting good prices on the sale of their homes and are able to purchase a home in the regions mentioned at a less inflated price. African-American baby boomers are getting older and are looking into condos. I've also seen this trend especially when aging black boomers are seeking out warmer climates. The remarkable part of this piece is that "30,000 fewer blacks" reside within the city. Wow!

The one thing I love about New York is it's diversity. Indeed, the influx of residents from the Caribbean would directly impact our numbers. They come to New York with their own unique culture.

Also, the cost to live in New York (City and State) has increased. Bush did nothing to assist this region after 911 and the despair has been overwhelming.

Thanks for always posting the most interesting think pieces Ms. G.

Undergroundrailroad :hi:
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msgadget Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Apr-09-06 12:46 PM
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3. What's funny about this is
Edited on Sun Apr-09-06 12:47 PM by msgadget
the number of professional blacks I've met over the years who migrated reluctantly northward from Hotlanta and now they're going back! The cost of living in the North East is, as you say Ms UGRR, downright oppressive, so much so that for about five minutes a few years ago I considered relocating. The very idea of me leaving is laughable though. But, this region has changed, has...toned down somewhat, have you noticed that? NYC used to be an all-night-long kinda town and the bordering regions more liberal than they are now. It doesn't feel as homogenized (for lack of a better word!) as it used to. I can't tell if it's a result of the reverse migration or the character wars politicians have us fighting.

(You give me too much credit, Ms UGRR.:blush: Your Journal proves it! :thumbsup:)

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Zookeeper Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Apr-08-06 10:20 PM
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2. Interesting...
I lived in San Francisco during part of the '70's and '80's and could see the traditionally African-American neighborhoods being gentrified to the point that no one supporting a family would be able to live there anymore. In fact, I left, in part, because of the huge influx of "Yuppies" which only got worse during the Silicon Valley high-tech boom.

It would be interesting to find out whether or not the African-American population has declined in S.F. during the last twenty years.
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