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Reply #9: Actually South Africa was not "singled out" even in Africa [View All]

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HamdenRice Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Aug-03-06 02:29 PM
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9. Actually South Africa was not "singled out" even in Africa
Edited on Thu Aug-03-06 02:30 PM by HamdenRice
Before the anti-apartheid movement against South Africa, the sanctions against Rhodesia were much more severe. In both cases, these countries had sanctions imposed on them because they were violating international law.

Rhodesia was a colony of the United Kingdom with a high degree of self-rule under a whites only franchise. Therefore, the UK had the responsibility for setting the terms of independence to which the UK had in principle agreed. Having granted independence to several other African colonies, the UK decided that the terms of independence required a full franchise. The Rhodesian whites instead chose "unilateral declaration of independence" in 1965 on the basis of a whites only franchise. This violated the international norm, established after WWI, of self-determination for the majority population. The matter was referred to the UN and sanctions were imposed. When Rhodesia finally gave up as a result of the armed struggle for majority rule, Rhodesia actually was returned to the UK, which allowed the UN to supervise elections leading to the creation of Zimbabwe.

South Africa also had sanctions imposed because of violations of international law. At the end of WWI, South Africa was granted trusteeship by the League of Nations (precursor to the UN) over the formerly German colony of South West Africa. South Africa imposed segregation and then apartheid over South West Africa. But ultimately, the United Nations had legal responsibility over South West Africa. Because South Africa refused to recognize its obligations to the United Nations trusteeship program and the obligation of decolonization and self-determination, sanctions were imposed -- but primarily relating to South West Africa. Later, United Nations resolutions determined that apartheid was a crime, and individual countries, including the United States, imposed various limited sanctions on South Africa.

Meanwhile, as a result of armed struggle by the movement for majority rule in South West Africa, South Africa agreed to return South West Africa to United Nations trusteeship, and elections were held, leading to the independence of Namibia.

The idea that sanctions were imposed on South Africa because of racism against white South Africans is simply wrong.

on edit: sorry my sarcasm detector was turned off. but the outline of events may be helpful in understanding what happened.
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