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Reply #211: Garvey and Griggs [View All]

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RoyGBiv Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Feb-07-10 12:07 AM
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211. Garvey and Griggs
Thought I'd add this here as well as the current GD thread ...

Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr., ONH (17 August 1887 10 June 1940) was a publisher, journalist, entrepreneur, Black Nationalist, Pan-Africanist, and orator. Marcus Garvey was founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL).

Prior to the twentieth century, leaders such as Prince Hall, Martin Delany, Edward Wilmot Blyden, and Henry Highland Garnet advocated the involvement of the African diaspora in African affairs. Garvey was unique in advancing a Pan-African philosophy to inspire a global mass movement focusing on Africa known as Garveyism.<2> Promoted by the UNIA as a movement of African Redemption, Garveyism would eventually inspire others, ranging from the Nation of Islam, to the Rastafari movement (which proclaims Garvey as a prophet). The intention of the movement was for those of African ancestry to "redeem" Africa and for the European colonial powers to leave it. His essential ideas about Africa were stated in an editorial in the Negro World titled African Fundamentalism where he wrote:

"Our union must know no clime, boundary, or nationality let us hold together under all climes and in every country ..."

Sutton Griggs was an author, minister, and educator who used his skills and professions to further the cause of social justice in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A contemporary of Garvey and other notables such as WEB DuBois, Griggs staked out his own special place in the history of activism as neither a radical nor a conservative, caught somewhere between the then seemingly opposing viewpoints of accommodation and armed resistance. Griggs's most lingering contribution to the cause of raising awareness and inspiring individual agency is his best-selling novel Imperium in Imperio. Through the characters in this work of fiction, Griggs paints a vibrant, multi-dimensional portrait of a people struggling with different approaches of rising above the inherent racism of his day.

A Wiki article on Griggs:

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