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Response to Bacchus4.0 (Reply #18)

Mon Mar 19, 2012, 03:17 AM

27. Who hasn't even accidently learned of the covert "shadow" operations run by the U.S. for ages?

From a quick search, a review of a book I just saw:

Prelude to Terror: the Rogue CIA, The Legacy of America's Private Intelligence Network the Compromising of American Intelligence (Hardcover)

President Truman created the CIA in July, 1947, and, as early as April, 1948, the Agency perpetrated its first act of treason against the American and Latin American peoples, when it planned and executed a psychological warfare operation in Bogota, Colombia, where the 9th International Conference of Latin American States was taking place. The operation, now known as the Bogotazo, began with the assassination of Colombian leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, which triggered violent riots that destroyed the city. Next day, U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall, who was chairing the Conference, blamed the Communists for the events. The scared delegates, who, previously to the riots, have been reluctant to follow their master's voice, quickly jumped through the ring of fire, and unanimously approved the creation of the Organization of American States and condemned Soviet communism. This event marked the beginning of the Cold War in the Western Hemisphere.

Then, in 1953, the CIA mounted a covert operation that toppled the government of Premier Mossadegh in Iran. The poor guy had committed the sin of nationalizing an oil company owned by the British, and the CIA flexed its muscle in defense of the interests of its bosses. Kermit Roosevelt, the CIA officer who was in charge of the operation, was awarded a National Security Medal and praised by President Eisenhower.

The following year the CIA mounted another covert operation that overthrew Jacobo Arbenz, Guatemala's democratically elected president. The poor fellow had made the mistake of nationalizing 400,00 acres of banana plantations owned by the United Fruit Company. The CIA officers in charge of the successful operation were Tracy Barnes and Richard Bissell.

Now, correct me if I am wrong, but I suspect that these three operations I have mentioned above did not serve the personal political advantage or personal profit of Ted Shackley and his pirates. Actually the ones who directly benefited from these three early CIA operations were some Wall Street bankers and owners of transnational corporations. But these are not the only facts giving credence to my suspicion that Shackley was not the main illegal user of the CIA. As Trento himself points out in The Secret History of the CIA, the Company actually began in a secret room at the Council on Foreign Relations, where Allen Dulles "laid out a scheme to operate an Intelligence service outside the government." (In this new book Trento claims that it was in an office at 44 Wall Street, so at some time I expect he should try to put his act together.)


From a book I'm currently reading:

A watershed in Colombian history known as La Violencia (1948-1958) erupted when the oligarchy split along political, ideological, and regional lines in their struggle against the landless workers and peasantry. From the late 1940's, this power struggle within the Colombian ruling class determined the fate of Colombian politics. Old rivalries between the two major political parties ini parliament, the Liberals and Conservatives, were consolidated. Amid the parliamentary infighting, a Liberal presidential candidate, Jorge Eliecer Gaitan, made a populist appeal against the oligarchy, piting the "real country" against the "political country." Gaitan souoght the support of the shopkeepers and professionals of the petite bourgeoisie, as well as the landless workers and peasantry. For the oligarchy, populism in any form was tantamount to communist subversion and was seen as a direct threat to their class inolombiaterests. This nationalist expression was demonstsrated through conflict between industrialists and unions. It reached a climax when Gaitan was gunned down in Bogota on April 9, 1948. His assassination was the first covert action by the CIA in Colombia and spurred a major uprising called the Bogotazo.

La Violencia ensured that land ownership by the oligarchy remained unchanged in Colombia. The landless remained landless, and the power of the oligarchs continued to dominate the nation's politics. For the urban elite, particularly the industrialists, La Violencia was an economic success. Capital accumulation was so great that President Alberto Lleras Camargo (1958-1962) concluded that "blood and capital accumulation went together." Political opposition was outlawed and repressed.

From the beginning of La Violencia, U.S. political and economic support to Colombia created a form of Colombian dependency. Colombia's political dependence on the United States deepened the four-decade war against the FARC and continued into the U.S. war on drugs and war on Terror. Thtese campaigns provided the United States with the pretext to condemn the FARC as "narco-terrorists" and the main threat to Colombia.

Forty-eight percent of Colombian land is owned by wealthy absentee landlords, who make up 1.3 percent of the population. Poor peasants, who account for 68 percent of the population, own approximately five percent of the land. Wealth and influence are concentrated in the hands of the compradores, with a 1998 study estimating that 42 percent of the arable land is owned by the drug cartels, integrating drug traffickers into Colombian agribusiness, military defense, and politics.

Chapter 1
Cocaine, Death Squads, and the War on Terror
U.S. Imperialism and Class Struggle in Colombia

By Oliver Villar and Drew Cottle

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LineLineLineLineNew Reply Who hasn't even accidently learned of the covert "shadow" operations run by the U.S. for ages?
Judi Lynn Mar 2012 #27
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