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Response to PatrynXX (Reply #8)

Sat Jan 26, 2013, 10:04 AM

13. not to pick a fight, but that 20 million figure is vastly overstated and hyperbolic statements

 

like that only serve hurt our side in the in the defense of pro-choice, pro womens' rights stances, as they are easily debunked (even by neanderthal bible-thumpers), thus hurting overall credibility.

According to the World Health Organization, on a global basis, approximately 68,000 women die annually as a result of complications of unsafe abortion. In 2003, the WHO estimated that 66,500 global deaths due to unsafe abortions occurred. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2007/9789241596121_eng.pdf

That means approximately 2.1 million died in the last 30 years globally, and the USA makes up only 4.5% of total world population. In addition, Roe v Wade only applies to the USA, nowhere else.

Here is some further information that shows that the real number, taking the highest number, would put the 30 year total of US deaths from illegal abortions not performed by doctors at 20 to 30 thousand, not 20 million. Even taking NARAL's highest numbers (which they themselves admit is untrue), you get 180,000 to 300,000 for the whole 30 year period. :

http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/2510/before-em-roe-em-v-em-wade-em-did-10-000-women-a-year-die-from-illegal-abortions

snip

Establishing exactly how many women died due to botched illegal abortions is obviously impossible, since many of these deaths likely weren't reported as such. However, even a generous reading of the statistics we do have indicates that Goodman is off by a factor of ten; a stickler might say she blew it by a ratio of 250 to 1. It's not like this is a news flash, either. A reasonable approximation of the annual total in the 60s has been public knowledge for 35 years. To be fair, the number Goodman uses is consistent with estimates that were widely cited prior to the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973. But some say those numbers were knowingly inflated by proponents of abortion rights. The star witness for this claim is Bernard Nathanson, a former abortion clinic doctor who in 1969 co-founded the group now called NARAL Pro-Choice America (the letters originally stood for National Association for the Repeal of Abortion Laws). Since Roe, though, he's turned against his former comrades he made the highly controversial 1984 antiabortion film The Silent Scream and has authored several books describing his conversion on this issue and critiquing the abortion-rights movement.

In Aborting America (1979) Nathanson writes: "In NARAL we generally emphasized the drama of the individual case, not the mass statistics, but when we spoke of the latter it was always '5,000 to 10,000 deaths a year.' I confess that I knew the figures were totally false, and I suppose the others did too if they stopped to think of it. But in the 'morality' of our revolution, it was a useful figure, widely accepted, so why go out of our way to correct it with honest statistics?" (Emphasis is his.) Better late than never. For 1972, the last full year before Roe, the federal Centers for Disease Control reported that 39 women died due to illegal abortion. (The death total for all abortions, including legal ones, was 88.) That figure is low, thanks to underreporting, but in any case the number of deaths had been dropping sharply for the previous few years. A statistic perhaps more typical of the pre-Roe era was reported in a 1969 Scientific American article co-written by Christopher Tietze, a senior fellow with the Population Council: "The National Center for Health Statistics listed 235 deaths from abortion in 1965. Total mortality from illegal abortions was undoubtedly larger than that figure, but in all likelihood it was under 1,000."

Had the number been higher in still earlier years? Yes. Tietze comments in his article that "some 30 years ago [i.e., around 1940], it was judged that such deaths might number 5,000 to 10,000 per year." He gives no source, but if we turn to W. Cates et al ("Trends in national abortion mortality, United States, 1940-1974," Advances in Planned Parenthood, 1976), we find that 1,682 abortion-related deaths were officially reported in 1940. If we guess that this figure represents roughly a quarter of actual mortality due to illegal abortion, we get 6,800 deaths somewhere below the middle of the range given by Tietze, whereas Ellen Goodman's number is at the very top. But that was in 1940, remember. I didn't Google Ms. Goodman to determine when she was born; I'll just say that if she's pushing 80, as her statement "those of us who remember when 10,000 American women a year died from illegal abortions" would imply, she's remarkably well preserved.

None of this argues for or against abortion, but the claim that legalization has prevented the deaths of thousands upon thousands of women doesn't hold up. Roe v. Wade saved some lives, but the numbers were small reported deaths due to illegal abortion declined from 39 in 1972 to 5 in 1974. The biggest factor in reducing abortion mortality was undoubtedly the overall improvement in prenatal and obstetrical care after World War II. The rate of pregnancy-related deaths from causes other than abortion dropped at roughly the same pace as the abortion death rate from 1940 through 1974 (though abortion-related deaths did decline faster after 1965, which Cates attributes largely to advances in contraception and the state-by-state relaxation or repeal of abortion laws).

Self-induced and back-alley abortions were becoming a thing of the past long before Roe: sex researcher Alfred Kinsey estimated in the 1950s that around 85 percent of illegal abortions were performed by physicians, even if the physicians weren't all in good standing. The fact is that prior to legalization abortion had become relatively safe and easy to obtain for those who could afford it. Studies done at the time show that the risks were borne disproportionately by those who couldn't, mostly minorities. Were abortion to be recriminalized, that would likely be the case again.

snip

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Again, I am sure we both agree fervently on the absolute right for a womens' rights to choose, I just am a stickler for numbers used to at least be within a reasonable range, not one so inflated that the entire argument quickly becomes 'us on the defense' after tossing out inflated stats.

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Arrow 14 replies Author Time Post
Recursion Jan 2013 OP
xxxsdesdexxx Jan 2013 #1
PatrynXX Jan 2013 #8
LineLineLineNew Reply not to pick a fight, but that 20 million figure is vastly overstated and hyperbolic statements
Mutatis Mutandis Jan 2013 #13
obama2terms Jan 2013 #11
JustABozoOnThisBus Jan 2013 #2
mountain grammy Jan 2013 #3
askeptic Jan 2013 #4
HughBeaumont Jan 2013 #5
SoapBox Jan 2013 #10
LiberalFighter Jan 2013 #6
Dawson Leery Jan 2013 #7
SoapBox Jan 2013 #9
Ready4Change Jan 2013 #12
AngryOldDem Jan 2013 #14
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