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Thu Nov 7, 2019, 11:30 AM

Holocaust Survivor Under Guard Amid Death Threats [View all]

Last edited Thu Nov 7, 2019, 01:17 PM - Edit history (1)

Source: BBC News

An 89-year-old Holocaust survivor in Italy has been assigned police guards for protection after receiving hundreds of threats on social media. Liliana Segre, who was sent to the notorious Auschwitz death camp at 13, has been subjected to a barrage of anti-Semitic messages in recent days.

It comes after Ms Segre, an Italian life senator, called for parliament to establish a committee to combat hate. The motion passed despite a lack of support by Italy's right-wing parties. Members of the nationalist League party, led by Matteo Salvini, the centre-right Forza Italia and the far-right Brothers of Italy all abstained from the vote in Milan last week.

The motion called for the establishment of an extraordinary commission in Italy to combat all forms of racism, anti-Semitism, incitement to hatred and violence on ethnic and religious grounds. Ms Segre said after the vote that the abstentions made her feel "like a Martian in the Senate".

"I appealed to the conscience of everyone and thought that a commission against hatred as a principle would be accepted by all," she said at the time, Italy's La Repubblica reported (in Italian). Since then, she has reported receiving as many as 200 hate messages a day...

Read more: http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/holocaust-survivor-under-guard-amid-death-threats/ar-BBWpLQo?li=BBnbfcL&ocid=HPCOMMDHP15

Some threats have been so serious that the prefect of Milan held at a meeting on Wednesday where it was agreed that Ms Segre needed police protection. Two paramilitary carabinieri officers were approved to accompany Ms Segre in public.

Ms Segre was born in Milan in 1930. She fled Nazi persecution in Italy with her father in December 1943. After failing to secure refuge in Switzerland, they were sent by train to the Auschwitz death camp in Poland where her father and grandparents were killed.

In Jan. 1945, Ms Segre was taken to the Ravensbrck concentration camp in Germany with other prisoners evacuated from Auschwitz. She was then transferred to another Nazi camp which was eventually liberated by the Soviet Red Army. Italy has a population of about 30,000 Jews. More than 7,500 Italian Jews died during the Holocaust.

Liliana Segre in 2010s.
Born in Milan into a Jewish family, Segre lived with her father Alberto and her paternal grandparents, Giuseppe Segre and Olga Loevvy. Her mother, Lucia Foligno, died when Liliana was not yet one year old. Her family was secular, and the awareness of being Jewish came to Liliana only after the drama of the Italian Racial Laws of 1938, after which she was expelled from school. With intensification of the persecution of the Italian Jews, her father hid her at a friend's home, using false documents. On 10 December 1943, at the age of thirteen, together with her father, Segre tried to flee to Switzerland, but both were rejected by the Swiss authorities..

On 30 January 1944, Segre was deported from platform 21 of the Milan Central railway station to the Auschwitz concentration camp. She was immediately separated from her father Alberto, whom she never saw again and who would die the following day, 27 April 1944. On the 18 May 1944 her paternal grandparents were arrested in Inverigo, in the Province of Como, and deported after a few weeks to Auschwitz, where they were also killed on their arrival on the 30 June. At the selection, Segre was tattooed with the serial number 75190. She was employed in forced labour in the Union ammunition factory, which belonged to Siemens, for about one year..

Out of the 776 Italian children aged 14 or less who were deported to the Auschwitz concentration camp, only 35 survived, including Segre. After the Nazi Holocaust, Segre moved to the Marche region where she lived with her maternal grandparents, the only surviving members of her family. In 1948 Liliana met Alfredo Belli Paci, a Catholic who had also survived the Nazi concentration camps, where he was sent for refusing to join the Italian Social Republic. The two married in 1951 and had three children. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liliana_Segre

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