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Response to Tierra_y_Libertad (Reply #24)

Thu Jun 28, 2012, 10:17 AM

40. The Real McCloy

Seems to have served to continue the ideology of the eugenicists, to put it nicely.

A review of Kai Bird's bio, from the LA Times, of all places:

The Real McCloy

THE CHAIRMAN: JOHN J. McCLOY; The Making of the American Establishment, By Kai Bird (Simon & Schuster: $30; 800 pp.)

April 19, 1992|Robert Sherrill | Sherrill is corporations correspondent for The Nation magazine


First let's trace his muddy footprints through the business world. McCloy was a key member of various Wall Street firms dedicated to greed; for a while he was chairman of Chase Manhattan Bank, and also for a while boss of the Ford Foundation. In those roles he assisted railroad management in swindling thousands of small shareholders, helped Chase achieve a merger that launched a flood of other mergers and damaged many smaller banks and made the nation's wealthiest foundation virtually a piggy bank for the CIA.


McCloy became, Bird says, "the country's first national-security manager," someone who believed that when the choice was between national security and constitutional civil liberties, "why, the Constitution is just a scrap of paper to me." Those are McCloy's words. No wonder Interior Secretary Harold Ickes wrote in his diary: "I have been told that he is more or less inclined to be a Fascist."


He commuted two-thirds of the death sentences of mass murderers (such as the SS officer who personally executed 1,500 Jews) and radically reduced the prison sentences of doctors who had conducted experiments on death-camp inmates, of high-ranking Nazi Judges who had administered Gestapo justice, and of industrialists who had built the Nazi war machine.

McCloy freed some immediately, including Alfred Krupp, whose munitions factories had worked thousands of slave laborers to death. Krupp's original sentence had included loss of all property; McCloy canceled that punishment and within a few years Krupp was again one of the richest industrialists in the world. Obviously McCloy's obsequiousness toward money and power made him the wrong man to reform Nazi Germany. "Though he could understand the special culpability of the 'big Nazis,' " Bird writes, "when it came to a wealthy and politically well-connected man like Krupp, he suspended his good judgment."

As high commissioner, McCloy dabbled disastrously in the intelligence business, setting up a network of agents in Germany that included the likes of Klaus Barbie, who had shipped 78,000 French Jews to the gas chambers, and Gen. Reinhard Gehlen, who had been responsible for some of the "grisliest mass killings on the Eastern Front." Not surprisingly, many of the intelligence operations carried out under McCloy were, says Bird, "fiascos."



PS: You are most welcome, Tierra_y_Libertad! Mil gracias, Hermano!

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