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Response to Beacool (Reply #114)

Sun Feb 24, 2013, 03:04 PM

117. lol. sure, that's the ticket.

 

Last edited Sun Feb 24, 2013, 03:43 PM - Edit history (2)

US Recognition of Haiti – At the time of the Haitian revolution the US was only 30 years old and permitted slavery. President Jefferson began the policy of US refusal to recognize Haitian dependence and set forth policies to isolate Haiti. The US did not recognize Haiti until President Lincoln did so in 1863 after US slave states seceded.

Economic Embargo, Reparations (1825-1947) and Debt
– The US and France imposed a crippling economic embargo and US sanctions which lasted until 1863. The embargo prevented Haiti from selling sugar. France then used its military to force Haiti to pay reparations for lost property (the slaves who were freed). The reparations were 150 million francs. In comparison, France sold the entire Louisiana territory to the US for nearly half that amount – 80 million francs.

When these reparations payments proved too burdensome, a US bank, National City Bank, offered a “debt exchange” in which Haiti borrowed money from the US to pay off France in exchange for a lower-interest, longer-term debt equivalent to 80% of the entire Haitian budget for the foreseeable future. The entire debt was not paid off until 1947. The current value of loans Haiti paid to the US and France over the years: $20 Billion. The Haitian economy was strangled for more than a century.

US Occupation 1915-1934 – Because of the debt, President Woodrow Wilson ordered the US Marines to invade Haiti in 1915 and they stayed for 19 years. They took control of the government and the bank to enforce continued repayment of the original debt owed to National City Bank. The US seized the Treasury, exiled the president and established Jim Crow policies to divide Haitian society.. The US siphoned off money from Haiti through its control of customs, collection of taxes and operation of many other government operations.

US Support of Haitian Dictators and Lack of Support of Elected President (1934-1986)
– In 1934 the US set up the Garde d’Haiti that acted as a proxy for US interests which continued until 1957. Within this period, between the years 1941 and 1945, the US supported a mulatto president, Elie Lescot, who expelled peasants from rural areas and cleared trees so the US could use the land for agribusiness. Two dictators, “Papa Doc” and Baby Doc” Duvalier, ruled from 1957-1986 strengthened by economic and military support from the US. Francois Duvalier, Papa Doc, murdered tens of thousands and played to the US cold-war fear that Communism would expand from nearby Cuba to win acceptance of his policies. In 1971 the power passed to his son, Jean-Claude Duvalier, Baby Doc. The Duvaliers’ atrocious human rights record did not matter to the US. The Duvaliers stole from the Haitians, looted the nation, created hundreds of millions in national debt and murdered as many as 60,000 Haitians through their militia, the Tonton Macoutes. It is estimated that the Duvaliers created 40% of the $1.3 billion debt. Until recently, Haiti was still required to make debt repayments of interest and principal. This debt has now been forgiven in the aftermath of the earthquake of 2010.

Post Duvalier Period (1987-Present) – This period is best characterized as one of instability with several coups and elections (aborted, rigged and, occasionally, fair) as the US tried to counter the revolutionary spirit that was infecting the region and so switched to supporting façade elections that were, in fact, purchased elections.

http://www.bishopgumbleton.org/HaitiAHistoryofExploitation.html


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Beacool Feb 2013 #114
LineLineLineLineNew Reply lol. sure, that's the ticket.
HiPointDem Feb 2013 #117
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