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Thu Jun 6, 2019, 05:47 PM

This Picture Tells a Tragic Story of What Happened to Women After D-Day [View all]

https://time.com/5303229/women-after-d-day



They called it the épuration sauvage, the wild purge, because it was spontaneous and unofficial. But, yes, it was savage, too. In the weeks and months following the D-Day landings of June 6, 1944, Allied troops and the resistance swept across France liberating towns and villages, and unleashing a flood of collective euphoria, relief and hope. And then the punishments began.

The victims were among the most vulnerable members of the community: Women. Accused of “horizontal collaboration” — sleeping with the enemy — they were targeted by vigilantes and publicly humiliated. Their heads were shaved, they were stripped half-naked, smeared with tar, paraded through towns and taunted, stoned, kicked, beaten, spat upon and sometimes even killed.

One photograph from the era shows a woman standing in a village as two men forcibly restrain her wrists; a third man grabs a hank of her blonde hair, his scissors poised to hack it away. Just as the punished were almost always women, their punishers were usually men, who acted with no legal mandate or court-given authority. Although some were loyal resistance members, others had themselves dabbled in collaborationist activity and were anxious to cleanse their records before the mob turned on them, too. About 6,000 people were killed during the épuration sauvage — but the intense, cruel, public ferocity of the movement focused not on serious collaborationist crime. Instead, it zeroed in on women accused of consorting with the enemy.

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Recognizing these women now is an important step in acknowledging the long history of gender inequality. With little ability to defend themselves — no courts, no juries — the shorn women became the public target of a humiliated nation, a convenient scapegoat to pummel, demean and discard, all in an attempt to wash away the shame of defeat and submission.

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Reply This Picture Tells a Tragic Story of What Happened to Women After D-Day [View all]
WhiskeyGrinder Jun 2019 OP
RelativelyJones Jun 2019 #1
Thomas Hurt Jun 2019 #2
smirkymonkey Jun 2019 #3
Jake Stern Jun 2019 #4
WhiskeyGrinder Jun 2019 #5
yardwork Jun 2019 #6
Delphinus Jun 2019 #7
demosincebirth Jun 2019 #8
SeaDoo Jun 2019 #9
Baclava Jun 2019 #10