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Bernardo de La Paz

Bernardo de La Paz's Journal
Bernardo de La Paz's Journal
October 1, 2022

United States of Canada and the Jesusland Confederacy

Not exactly the map I'd make, but general idea

September 16, 2022

Think hard about the mind boggling numbers of stars. But yeah, it's really the interstellar distance

In 2021, data from NASA's New Horizons space probe was used to revise the previous estimate to roughly 200 billion galaxies (2×1011),[8] which followed a 2016 estimate that there were two trillion (2×1012)[9] or more[10][11] galaxies in the observable universe, overall, and as many as an estimated 1×1024 stars[12][13] (more stars than all the grains of sand on all beaches of the planet Earth).[14]

Conceivably, possibly, an advanced civilization may have found a Warp Drive to bust the speed limit of light, but there is large possibility that it can't be busted at all. (See Fermi Paradox link at end)

I am sure that there are dozens of intelligent life forms around the universe and easily could be millions among the trillions of galaxies that contain billions of stars.

Out of 5,000 or so discovered exo-planets, we have found one that seems to have a watery atmosphere and may be in the liquid water zone around its star. For a long time we thought that few stars might have planets.

The Drake equation is:

N = R? · fp · ne · fl · fi · fc · L


N = the number of civilizations in our galaxy with which communication might be possible (i.e. which are on our current past light cone)
R? = the average rate of star formation in our Galaxy
fp = the fraction of those stars that have planets
ne = the average number of planets that can potentially support life per star that has planets
fl = the fraction of planets that could support life that actually develop life at some point
fi = the fraction of planets with life that actually go on to develop intelligent life (civilizations)
fc = the fraction of civilizations that develop a technology that releases detectable signs of their existence into space
L = the length of time for which such civilizations release detectable signals into space[5][6]

Range of results

As many skeptics have pointed out, the Drake equation can give a very wide range of values, depending on the assumptions,[52] as the values used in portions of the Drake equation are not well established.[27][53][54][55] In particular, the result can be N ≪ 1, meaning we are likely alone in the galaxy, or N ≫ 1, implying there are many civilizations we might contact. One of the few points of wide agreement is that the presence of humanity implies a probability of intelligence arising of greater than zero.[56]

As an example of a low estimate, combining NASA's star formation rates, the rare Earth hypothesis value of fp · ne · fl = 10?5,[57] Mayr's view on intelligence arising, Drake's view of communication, and Shermer's estimate of lifetime:

R? = 1.5–3 yr?1,[19] fp · ne · fl = 10?5,[33] fi = 10?9,[38] fc = 0.2[Drake, above], and L = 304 years[48]


N = 1.5 × 10?5 × 10?9 × 0.2 × 304 = 9.1 × 10?13

i.e., suggesting that we are probably alone in this galaxy, and possibly in the observable universe.

On the other hand, with larger values for each of the parameters above, values of N can be derived that are greater than 1. The following higher values that have been proposed for each of the parameters:

R? = 1.5–3 yr?1,[19] fp = 1,[22] ne = 0.2,[58][59] fl = 0.13,[60] fi = 1,[40] fc = 0.2[Drake, above], and L = 109 years[49]

Use of these parameters gives:

N = 3 × 1 × 0.2 × 0.13 × 1 × 0.2 × 109 = 15,600,000

Monte Carlo simulations of estimates of the Drake equation factors based on a stellar and planetary model of the Milky Way have resulted in the number of civilizations varying by a factor of 100.[61]

If we use the last set of parameters and then instead of applying a billion years, apply only a thousand years, you still get about 16 civilizations, currently, in only the Milky Way.

But of course we must also consider the Fermi Paradox.

September 16, 2022

Jail not serious enouh for you? I guess you are young and a bit wet behind the ears, which is okay

In MY lifetime, a Republican Vice President of the United States was prosecuted and convicted in court of crimes.

TWO Republican United States Attorney-General were prosecuted and convicted in court of crimes. Both served time in prison.

In MY lifetime, a Republican Secretary of Commerce was prosecuted and convicted.
A Republican Secretary of Agriculture was prosecuted and convicted and spent time in prison.
A Republican Secretary of Interior was prosecuted and convicted and got fines and 5 (five) years of probation and community service.

A Republican Senator was prosecuted and convicted and got a year of probation.

Republican Commissioner of the FDA.
Multiple Republican Chiefs of Staff.
Republican Senior Judge prosecuted, convicted, fined, jailed.
Republican General prosecuted, convicted.
Steve Stockman (R-TX) was convicted of fraud (2018).
Chris Collins (R-NY), pleaded guilty to insider trading (2019).
Duncan D. Hunter (R-CA), pleaded guilty to misuse of campaign funds (2019)

I could go on.

It is okay to be unaware of things that happened before your time but still very relevant today. But it is not okay to write as if important facts never happened once you do know.

It undermines the truthful narrative that Republicans are and have been more corrupt and dangerous than Democrats.

That narrative should be publicized, not cynically swept under the rug as if it never happened.
September 16, 2022

Wrong. They speak English already. And wrong: learning a second language HELPS English

The triad of language, music, and math are synergistic for children and adults. Studying one helps the others. Studying all three supercharges learning.

Mathematics is the science of pattern.
Music is the art of pattern.
Language is communicating by pattern.

Learning a second language before age 7 makes acquiring languages easy.

Learn a second one before age 18 and it is harder, but quite doable.

Trying to learn a second language as an adult is very difficult for almost every person.

Teaching Russian, though, now, is just ignorant.

Lucky children are taught second languages at early ages when they have no fear of mistakes and soak things up like sponges. By seeing (hearing) how another language fits together and how the same parts are in different orders and the concepts of gender (Russian has three) stretch the mind.


Smart parents encourage language learning at all ages.

Boost Their Academic Achievement

The cognitive benefits of learning a language have a direct impact on a child’s academic achievement. Compared to those without an additional language, bilingual children have improved reading, writing, and math skills, and they generally score higher on standardized tests.

You don't want your child to do well? Stop them learning a second language.

September 14, 2022

Simple language: "Half of us are already trans. Yup, the males." Stop 'em in their tracks

You really have to whack some people with a metaphorical mental two by four to get them to think.

Ultimately, of course, it does not matter what hormones did what when. At least it is way down below the right of humans to be simply human first and to be able to choose what kind of human they are, let it harm none.

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Member since: Fri Jul 16, 2004, 10:36 PM
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About Bernardo de La Paz

Canadian who lived for many years in Northern California and left a bit of my heart there. (note to self: https: //images.dailykos.com/images/1043361/original/2016.09.19_sunflowers_header.jpg . https://i.imgur.com/1VKgdmc.jpeg)

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