Judi LynnJudi Lynn's Journal
By Matthew Black
An incredible new technology is being used to take the lid off the mysteries of the Mayan civilization. Using advanced light detection equipment and techniques scientists have virtually removed the jungle canopy to reveal a sprawling city with over 60,000 structures. Its given us a window into their culture and daily lives like never before and may finally offer us a clue as to what exactly happened to a civilization that was collapsing by the time European explorers arrived.
1. What happened to the Mayans?
The Mayan civilization was enormous. Anywhere from 7 to 11 million people lived within its expansive kingdom. Though the popular opinion is that the Mayan civilization was conquered by Spanish Conquistadors, we dont actually know what led to the decline of their society. However, there are many theories.
The Mayans peaked long before European explorers arrived (roughly 1,200 years ago, while Columbus only arrived about 500 years ago). New laser technology is giving archaeologists clues about what made Mayan civilization decline to the point that it was largely undefended when the Spanish arrived. So if the Spanish didnt wipe them out, then who or what did?
2. Once a city, now its a jungle
Ancient Maya has been studied by mainstream archaeologists and historians since the culture was rediscovered in 1843, but not until recently has the exploration of Mayan culture gone full throttle. In 2018 alone tens of thousands of structures have been found and dozens of miles of roads, canals, and causeways connecting the massive society.
Source: Associated Press
By KEN MILLER
OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) Olivia Hooker, one of the last survivors of the 1921 Tulsa race riots and among the first black women in the U.S. Coast Guard, has died. She was 103.
Hooker was 6 years old when one of the worst race riots in U.S. history broke out and destroyed much of a Tulsa neighborhood known as Black Wall Street. She hid under a table as a torch-carrying mob destroyed her familys home, she told National Public Radio in an interview this year.
She recalled hearing the mob use an axe to destroy her sisters piano. For a child, she said, it was horrifying trying to keep quiet.
The most shocking was seeing people youd never done anything to irritate would just, took it upon themselves to destroy your property because they didnt want you to have those things, said Hooker , who died this week at her home in New York, according to her goddaughter.
Read more: https://apnews.com/5834f70be49645669f4aae2a4570d242
Olivia Hooker, as a child, and an old lady.
The Living Legacy of Dr. Olivia J. Hooker
The first black woman to serve in the Coast Guard turns 103.
BY MOLLY SAVARD
FEB 12, 2018
Dr. Olivia J. Hooker is the kind of person wholl credit everyone else for her lifetime of achievements before she credits herself.
And her list of accomplishments is seemingly endless. She has two Coast Guard buildings named after her for being the first black woman to enlist. She advanced psychology for people with disabilities as one of the few black women in the field. She took the fight for reparations for fellow survivors of the Tulsa race riot in Oklahoma to Capitol Hill. Shes been called "fearless" and "an inspiration" by President Obama.
But rather than give herself any sort of credit for this, Hooker has her doctors to thank, her roommates in basic training, the teachers who helped her along the way and her mom.
"She was the person that wanted to see you doing something that was a higher aim," Hooker says. "We knew as children, dont let mama catch you idle. You better have a book in your hand, a pen to write."
By Elizabeth Howell, Space.com Contributor | November 23, 2018 04:12pm ET
Look out, International Space Station, this spacecraft is hot on your tail! An astronaut captured a stunning time lapse video of the Russian Progress MS-10 cargo spacecraft, also known as Progress 71, on its way to the orbiting complex.
About 15 minutes of the Progress launch on Nov. 16 show up in the time lapse video posted on the European Space Agency website. The video clearly shows the flare of rocket launch, the spacecraft making its way up into space, and the re-entry of the first stage of the rocket. As the spacecraft becomes a bright light in the sky, the Earth spins below.
European Space Astronaut Alexander Gerst, the commander of Expedition 57, captured the images from the wrap-around Cupola window on the space station. He set a camera that took pictures at regular intervals, and the resulting timelapse shows the launch at about eight to 16 times normal speed, according to a statement from ESA.
Progress delivered 5,652 pounds (2,564 kg) to the space station Nov. 18 after making a flawless launch from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, where Russia blasts cargo and cosmonauts to the space station. The next scheduled launch from the site will have a crew on board the three-person Expedition 58 crew, which is expected to leave Earth at 6:31 a.m. EST Dec. 3 (1131 GMT).
Marcelo Pinheiros murder of Lidia Meza, 18, in an apparent attempt to avoid extradition, highlights a culture of impunity
Laurence Blair in Rio de Janeiro
Thu 22 Nov 2018 04.16 EST
Paraguayans have been left shocked and outraged after a jailed cartel boss murdered a young woman inside his high-security cell, in an apparent attempt to avoid extradition to neighbouring Brazil.
The case has underscored the scale of criminal impunity in the landlocked South American country and fuelled fears of more violence to come.
Marcelo Piloto Pinheiro was seized in a joint operation by Brazilian, Paraguayan and US anti-drug authorities in December. A leading figure in Rio de Janeiros sprawling criminal group Comando Vermelho (Red Command), he had been on the run from Brazilian authorities and operating from Paraguay since 2012.
. . .
After his capture, Pinheiro sought to implicate a web of politicians, judges and police and admitted that he hoped to stay in a Paraguayan jail which are notorious for offering luxury VIP cells in exchange for bribes rather than face tough justice in Brazil. Paraguay is the country of impunity and corruption, he told reporters.
NOVEMBER 21, 2018
by ZHIVKO ILLEIEFF
Throughout his life, Edward Bernays (1891?1995), known as the father of public relations, argued in favor of using third parties to influence public opinion.
If you can influence the leaders, either with or without their conscious cooperation, you automatically influence the group which they sway, Bernays wrote in Propaganda (1923), his popular book that explored the psychology behind manipulating public opinion.
Because man is by nature gregarious he feels himself to be member of a herd, even when he is alone in his room with the curtains drawn. His mind retains the patterns which have been stamped on it by the group influences, wrote Bernays.
In the age of Citizens United and with Trump in the White House Bernayss insights on public manipulation have become plain to see for anyone willing to look.
by Adriaan Alsema November 21, 2018
The Char family is one of Colombias most powerful political dynasties, partly because of its past ties to death squads, but also because it uses tax money to use news media for propaganda.
According to the Foundation for the Freedom of Press (FLIP), Barranquilla Mayor Alejandro Char spent $21 million of the citys budget on publicity.
The FLIP has been analyzing how Colombias ruling class is using tax money pay news media to present government propaganda as news or make the media financially dependent on the politicians.
. . .
Bribing media is not the only Char strategy to maintain in power; censorship is too, according to the editor in chief of a local news website.
Updated 1:06 pm CST, Sunday, November 18, 2018
SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) Two senior police officials have resigned in Chile after the discovery that officers destroyed video showing the shooting of a young indigenous man whose death set off large protests.
Interior Minister Andres Chadwick said via Twitter on Sunday that destruction of the memory card from a monitoring camera was "unacceptable." He said Gen. Mauro Victoriano and Col. Ivan Contreras Figueroa and four members of special forces unit resigned.
Thousands of people attended Saturday's funeral of 24-year-old Camilo Catrillanca, who was shot Wednesday. Police said they fired while pursuing people who stole three vehicles. Catrillanca's family said he was shot in the back while riding on a tractor.
Indigenous activists accuse the government of using heavy-handed tactics against the Mapuches, some of whom have been agitating for greater land rights.
Family and friends of Camilo Catrillanca, a Mapuche indigenous youth who was shot in the head when police were chasing unidentified car thieves, hold an ancestral Mapuche rites funeral in Temuco, Chile, Saturday, Nov. 17, 2018. Indigenous representatives and leaders across the country attended the ceremony.
~ ~ ~
Mapuche Youth Assassinated by Colombian and US-Trained Chilean Police Unit
24-year-old Camilo Catrillanca was assassinated on Wednesday, November 14, during an invasion of his community by the special anti-terrorist unit of the Chilean police, Comando Jungla.
Zoe PC 17 Nov 2018
Camilo Catrillanca was shot by the police while he was returning home from work on his tractor.
On Wednesday, November 14, the Mapuche traditional community of Temukuikui was invaded by a special anti-terrorist unit of the Chilean police, the Comando Jungla. During the invasion, which involved nearly 400 police personnel and two helicopters circling overhead, officers shot Camilo Catrillanca, a young Mapuche community member who was returning home from work on his tractor.
Community members condemned the fact that despite having suffered serious gunshot wounds, Catrillanca was only taken to a local clinic, where he was surrounded by police officers, and was not taken to a hospital. They also said that a minor, who was in the tractor with Catrillanca, was gravely injured and was later detained along with other youth from the community.
The special police unit, Comando Jungla (Jungle Command), was inaugurated in June 2018 by Chilean president Sebastian Piñera and is the latest in a series of harsh and repressive actions against the Mapuche communities in Chilean and Argentine territory. The special unit of the Chilean police has been trained in Colombia and the United States in combating terrorist forces. The Comando Jungla has been deployed to combat terrorist activity in the southern part of Chile, which is above all Mapuche territory.The intensified militarization of Mapuche territories is a grave threat to the indigenous communities who continue to peacefully resist and reiterate their right to remain on their land.
On both sides of the Andes, in Chile and Argentina, Mapuche communities have been engaged in processes of land recuperation to take back their ancestral territory from large property owners. Due to this, the repression unleashed against these communities has intensified. It is worth remembering that these communities have already been subject to state genocide and oppression with the intent of ensuring their extinction. The communities have been facing a campaign of threats, harassment, repression and violence from the State, large landowners and multinational companies that seek to occupy this economically profitable and strategically important territory. The Mapuches struggle to remain on their land is thus classified as terrorism. Already, many Mapuche leaders or Lonkos, as well as community members, have suffered this repression first hand and several are serving long sentences in prisons in Chile.
Hilton turns away Cuban envoy in Japan, citing US embargo
Local government rebukes hotel for violating accommodations law
NAOYA EZATO, Nikkei staff writer
November 15, 2018 04:07 JST
FUKUOKA, Japan -- A Hilton hotel in the southwestern Japanese city of Fukuoka refused a room to the Cuban ambassador last month because of American sanctions on the Caribbean country, it was learned Wednesday.
Japanese law prohibits hotel and inn operators from turning down guests when they have vacancies except for special cases, such as when the person has a contagious disease. The city of Fukuoka determined that the Hilton Fukuoka Sea Hawk violated the law and issued a warning or "administrative guidance" to the hotel.
According to Tonichi Travel Service, which made the arrangements for the Cuban Embassy, an Oct. 2 reservation for the ambassador was confirmed via facsimile the day before by the hotel, an affiliate of U.S. chain Hilton Hotels & Resorts.
But on the afternoon of Oct. 2, Hilton Fukuoka called to apologize, saying it was unable to serve government officials of countries subject to U.S. sanctions, in this case the embargo against Cuba in place for decades.
Source: Digital Journal
BY JUAN JOSÉ RODRÍGUEZ (AFP) 11 HOURS AGO
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has called on Washington to compensate victims and families of the 1989 invasion of Panama, accusing US forces of multiple rights violations as they moved to overthrow dictator Manuel Antonio Noriega, according to a newly released document.
A 91-page report issued Friday says the United States "is responsible" for violating civilians' rights "to life, liberty (and) security."
The report says the US "must adopt measures of economic compensation."
Asked by AFP for comment, the US Embassy in Panama said that it "deeply regrets the loss of civilian lives during Operation Just Cause."
Read more: http://www.digitaljournal.com/news/world/rights-group-calls-for-us-reparations-over-1989-panama-invasion/article/537093
The Panama Deception is a 1992 American documentary film that won the Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. The film is critical of the actions of the U.S. military during the 1989 invasion of Panama, covering the conflicting reasons for the invasion. It also highlighted media bias within the United States, showing events that were unreported or systematically misreported, including downplaying the number of civilian casualties. It was directed by Barbara Trent, written and edited by David Kasper, and narrated by actress Elizabeth Montgomery. It was a production of the Empowerment Project.
The film asserts that the U.S. government invaded Panama primarily to destroy the PDF, the Panamanian Defense Forces, who were perceived as a threat to U.S. control over Panama, and to install a government friendly to U.S. interests. The film includes footage of mass graves uncovered after the American troops had withdrawn, burned down neighborhoods, as well as depictions of some of the 20,000 refugees who fled the fighting.
From January, Brazil will be soon ruled by former military leaders. There is growing support for this in Congress, but ever more people fear there will be a coup. Thomas Milz reports from Rio de Janeiro.
Brazilian President-elect Jair Messias Bolsonaro is a former paratrooper; his vice president, Hamilton Mourao, is a retired four-star general. Observers expect that half the Cabinet could in future consist of military personnel, with some calling it a "military government" for this reason.
The defense minister-to-be a retired general objects to this view.
"This has nothing to do with a military government. Nobody is thinking about military intervention or authoritarianism," Augusto Heleno told the daily O Globo. "It is just that people are getting involved now whose qualities the country has long overlooked. Few people know Brazil as well as we do." It was a matter of common sense to use the military's knowledge, he said.
Defense of the dictatorship
Brazil returned to democracy in the mid-1980s after 21 years of dictatorship. Since then, governments have always made it a priority to keep their civilian character. The military was subordinated to the Ministry of Defense, which was led by a civilian. Now, with Bolsonaro's election victory, the military is coming to the fore on all social fronts. Bolsonaro's message is that his government will resolve the triple crisis of economic decline, increasing violence and rampant corruption that he alleges to be the result of a corrupt party democracy with its haggling over positions and party cronyism.
. . .
. . . The president of the Supreme Court, Dias Toffoli, declared a few weeks ago that he preferred to speak of the "1964 Movement" instead of the "coup." Brazil's students will probably soon follow his example.
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