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Thu Feb 21, 2013, 06:07 PM

Aztec sacrifices at Tenochtitlán

Aztec sacrifices at Tenochtitlán
Article created on Thursday, February 21, 2013

Offerings in the ancient Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlán (now in modern Mexico City) have been linked to the cycle of the agricultural seasons and involved human sacrifice to QQuilaztli Cihuacóatl, one of the Aztec goddesses of earth and fertility.

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Ritual deposits

Two 500 year old ritual depositions were located at the corner of the platform north of Templo Mayor and consisted of various artefacts, including human skulls and polychrome pots and were the subject of a presentation in Mexico City this month.

According to the archaeologist Diego Jimenez Badilla, a researcher at the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), these offerings “were part of a ritual in which Tenochca returns fertility to the land, in exchange for these offerings at each harvest. Such offerings were made to the land via the earth and fertility goddess. “

The practice was discussed by the specialist at a recent conference in honour of the thirty-fifth anniversary of the discovery of the disc monolith on the moon goddess Coyolxauhqui, now in the Museo del Templo Mayor (MTM ).

Both offerings (No. 22 and No.58) were discovered in 1979 and 1980, on a floor level corresponding to the construction of Templo Mayor between 1469-1481 CE and in interpreting these elements together, he commented that “nothing is arranged in an offering by chance, everything has a reason.”


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Reply Aztec sacrifices at Tenochtitlán (Original post)
Judi Lynn Feb 2013 OP
Judi Lynn Feb 2013 #1

Response to Judi Lynn (Original post)

Tue Feb 26, 2013, 02:33 AM

1. Mexican archaeologists reveal studies made on sacrificial stone found at Templo Mayor

Mexican archaeologists reveal studies made on sacrificial stone found at Templo Mayor
Tuesday, February 26, 2013

MEXICO CITY.- Some months ago, a stone where human sacrifices were performed was found as part of the archaeological salvage work that has been made by the Program of Urban Archaeology (PAU) from the Great Temple Museum. Today, thanks to numerous studies, we know that the location where the monolith was discovered was not the place where it had been used 500 years ago. It was removed from its original place back in the pre Hispanic era.

According to specialists, this kind of stone was used, in pre Hispanic times, to place a person lying on his back (with an eastern or western direction). Once they were laid down they were sacrificed; their thoracic cage was opened and their heart was pulled out.

Archaeologists Estibaliz Aguayo and Berenice Jimenez, from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) said that according to the coded iconography, sacrifices were always made in open spaces, which doesn’t coincide with the site where the otechcatl (nahuatl) stone was discovered, which was next to a wall.

The PAU archaeologists also mentioned that the National Autonomous University of Mexico is conducting studies on the sacrificial stone to determine if there is evidence of human blood; in the same manner, the experts at INAH continue their investigation to determine the original structure to which the stone was associated, in which ceremonies it was used and in honor of what pre Hispanic deities.


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