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Sat Jan 30, 2021, 11:57 AM

Are 2 Face Masks Better Than One For Stopping COVID-19? CBS News

Last edited Sat Jan 30, 2021, 08:26 PM - Edit history (6)



- 'Are two face masks better than one for stopping COVID-19?,' CBS News, Jan. 30, 2021.

New and more contagious COVID variants are spreading across the U.S., prompting reminders about the importance of wearing face masks. Some health experts are even encouraging people to wear two masks instead of one. CBSN's Tanya Rivero spoke with Linsey Marr, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech and an expert on airborne transmission of viruses, about why it could help.

*WATCH* Video

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/are-two-face-masks-better-than-one-for-stopping-covid-19/vi-BB1deFMJ
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ALSO:

- KF94 Masks, NPR, Jan. 22, 2021.
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/01/22/959683338/coronavirus-faq-why-am-i-suddenly-hearing-so-much-about-kf94-masks

- 'What's The Difference Between KN95 and KF94 Masks? The New Yorker, Jan. 28, 2021.

Keeping track of which masks (and how many of them) we should wear to protect ourselves and the people around us from COVID-19 is a dizzying task, especially now that several new, more-contagious variants are circulating in the United States. We know that N95 masks are still the best at filtering potentially infectious particles, but due to shortages, N95s should still be reserved for medical professionals who need them most. Because of this, more and more people are turning to two other popular mask types, KN95 and KF94, since they both come very close to the level of filtration found in an N95 mask. But what’s the difference between the two? And which one is better?

Dr. Ravina Kullar, an infectious-disease specialist, epidemiologist, and spokesperson for the Infectious Diseases Society of America, says the “KF” in KF94 stands for “Korean filter,” and the “94” indicates a 94 percent filtration efficacy. “It is the South Korean equivalent to the N95 mask, with a few differences. It combines elements of an N95 mask with those of a cloth mask, contouring close to the face with an adjustable band around the bridge of the nose.” Many people like them because the tentlike shape creates a little pocket of extra space between your mouth and the mask.
(Baggu’s fabric masks have a similar shape.) KN95 masks, however, look more like a bird’s beak and stick out farther off the face. They are considered the Chinese equivalent to N95 masks and, according to Kullar, “are made of the same synthetic material and [also] filter out and capture 95 percent of particles in the air.”


- KF94 mask.



- KN95 mask.

You might assume that, because of the one percent difference in efficacy rates, KN95 masks do a better job. But “there are no head-to-head trials [between the two],” says Dr. Aaron Glatt, chief of infectious diseases and hospital epidemiologist at Mount Sinai South Nassau. What matters more, he says, is how tightly each mask fits your particular face shape and size. “The critical factor for all of these masks is the face seal. Without a good seal, they are almost all the same, since air will just go out (and come in) through the open spaces on the sides of the mask.” In general, for public usage, he thinks any three-ply surgical mask is “probably fine,” with the “KF94 or KN95 theoretically better, if the seal is good.” To check if your mask provides a tight seal, put it on and look at yourself in the mirror. You should not be able to see any gaps around your nose, cheeks, or under your chin. If the ear loops are too big, you can tighten them by tying knots or adding toggles or a strap that connects the loops behind your neck.

Kullar pointed us to two separate studies that seem to show that KF94s could be more effective than KN95s. The first, published in December 2020, tested the efficacy of KF94 masks compared to N95 masks in seven patients, and showed that the two masks were comparable in blocking COVID-19 particles. In the second study, published that same month, the filter layers of N95 masks were found to be eight times thicker and had two times the electrostatic filtration capability of KN95 masks. For Kullar, this information is a good indication that KF94 masks offer better protection than KN95s, but Glatt isn’t convinced: “There just isn’t enough hard data,” he says. His preference, if he were to choose between the two, would be to take “the one that fits his face best and make sure it’s not a knockoff.” Certain KN95s and KF94s are approved by the FDA, but a good way to know if you are getting legitimate KF94s is by checking that they are indeed made in South Korea.

To help you predict which one might fit your face best we tested both types. Here’s what we found...

More, https://nymag.com/strategist/article/whats-the-difference-between-kn95-and-kf94-masks.html

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Reply Are 2 Face Masks Better Than One For Stopping COVID-19? CBS News (Original post)
appalachiablue Jan 30 OP
onecaliberal Jan 30 #1
appalachiablue Jan 30 #2
onecaliberal Jan 30 #3
appalachiablue Jan 30 #5
onecaliberal Jan 30 #6
dem4decades Jan 30 #4
appalachiablue Jan 30 #7
dem4decades Jan 30 #8
appalachiablue Jan 30 #9
LovingA2andMI Jan 30 #10
appalachiablue Jan 30 #11

Response to appalachiablue (Original post)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:06 PM

1. Ive been double masked at work for at least 2 months.

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Response to onecaliberal (Reply #1)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:09 PM

2. Good, I plan to start double masking & reserve my KN95s.

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Response to appalachiablue (Reply #2)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:14 PM

3. I wear a KN95 and a 2 sided cloth mask over it.

I just bought more KN95’s

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Response to onecaliberal (Reply #3)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:30 PM

5. How's breathing with that? The KN95 is sometimes a bit difficult

and after 20-30 mins. it's outside for fresh air if possible.

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Response to appalachiablue (Reply #5)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:33 PM

6. You definitely have to adjust.

I a able to step outside or in my car for short breaks to unmask. I’m completely used to it. My ears are very very sore.

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Response to appalachiablue (Original post)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:29 PM

4. I bought some KN 95's a few weeks ago but read the KF 94's are better so I bought some of those.

Trying what is the best way to double up the masks for best protection.

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Response to dem4decades (Reply #4)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:35 PM

7. Interesting, I was unaware of KF 94s, and are you

doubling K-type masks? If so my hat's off to you, whatever it takes.

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Response to appalachiablue (Reply #7)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:48 PM

8. That was my question, do I double the K masks or use a KF mask with a cloth mask for a tighter fit?

I try not to go out but I hit the grocery store once a week and have to pick up a stereo receiver i dropped off to be repaired. To my horror the place I dropped it off turned out to be a private residence basement and the guy wasn't wearing a mask. Don't know what I'm going to do to pick it up.

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Response to dem4decades (Reply #8)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 12:56 PM

9. KF94 mask info. from NPR& SF Gate. Good luck with your errand!

NPR, Jan. 22, 2021.

..Now add another player to the mix – the KF94. This mask has been getting increasing buzz these days, with at least one media outlet calling it a "highly protective" option to look into at a time when emerging coronavirus variants appear to be more contagious.

So — what's the deal with the KF94?

As Stephen Morse, an epidemiology professor at Columbia University, puts it, a KF94 is essentially the South Korean equivalent of the N95. They're "pretty comparable," he says.

For a visual image, you can think of a mash between an N95 and a typical cloth mask. The KF94 comes with side flaps, which mold to the contour of your face, and an adjustable band around the bridge of your nose.

To understand how it works, all you have to do is investigate those mysterious initials.

Sonali Advani, an assistant professor of medicine at Duke University, explains that KF stands for "Korean filter."

And 94 refers to its filtration efficiency (basically, just how good the mask is at filtering out particles we don't like), which is 94%. Not surprisingly then, an N95's filtration efficiency is 95%.

A limited study published last year showed that the KF94 was comparable to the N95 in blocking SARS-CoV-2 particles.

But Advani doesn't think the KF94 is a game changer for how we should all approach mask strategy.

"While there are minor differences, those differences are rather small in general," Advani says. "It's negligible."...

More, https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/01/22/959683338/coronavirus-faq-why-am-i-suddenly-hearing-so-much-about-kf94-masks
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- Also: Difference Between N95, KN95, K94 and Surgical Masks, Jan. 16, 2021, SF Gate
https://www.sfgate.com/shopping/article/difference-between-n95-kn95-kf94-surgical-masks-15906159.php

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Response to appalachiablue (Original post)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 01:10 PM

10. Why not...

Three masks?

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Response to LovingA2andMI (Reply #10)

Sat Jan 30, 2021, 01:23 PM

11. If people can handle it, go for it

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