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Thu Jan 23, 2020, 01:51 AM

Snakes Could Be The Original Source Of The New Coronavirus Outbreak In China

- Snakes Could Be The Original Source Of The New Coronavirus Outbreak In China, The Conversation/CNN, 1/22/20.

- "Snakes often hunt for bats in wild. Reports indicate that snakes were sold in the local seafood market in Wuhan, raising the possibility that the 2019-nCoV might have jumped from the host species – bats – to snakes and then to humans at the beginning of this coronavirus outbreak. However, how the virus could adapt to both the cold-blooded and warm-blooded hosts remains a mystery." -
Snakes – the Chinese krait and the Chinese cobra – may be the original source of the newly discovered coronavirus that has triggered an outbreak of a deadly infectious respiratory illness in China this winter.

-- The many-banded krait (Bungarus multicinctus), also known as the Taiwanese krait or the Chinese krait, is a highly venomous species of elapid snake found in much of central and southern China and Southeast Asia.

The illness was first reported in late December 2019 in Wuhan, a major city in central China, and has been rapidly spreading. Since then, sick travelers from Wuhan have infected people in China and other countries, including the United States. Using samples of the virus isolated from patients, scientists in China have determined the genetic code of the virus and used microscopes to photograph it. The pathogen responsible for this pandemic is a new coronavirus. It’s in the same family of viruses as the well-known severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), which have killed hundreds of people in the past 17 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) has named the new coronavirus 2019-nCoV.

We are virologists and journal editors and are closely following this outbreak because there are many questions that need to be answered to curb the spread of this public health threat.

- What is a coronavirus? The name of coronavirus comes from its shape, which resembles a crown or solar corona when imaged using an electron microscope. The electron microscopic image, reveals the crown shape structural details for which the coronavirus was named. This image is of the Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID).
Coronavirus is transmitted through the air and primarily infects the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract of mammals and birds. Though most of the members of the coronavirus family only cause mild flu-like symptoms during infection, SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV can infect both upper and lower airways and cause severe respiratory illness and other complications in humans.
This new 2019-nCoV causes similar symptoms to SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. People infected with these coronaviruses suffer a severe inflammatory response. Unfortunately, there is no approved vaccine or antiviral treatment available for coronavirus infection. A better understanding of the life cycle of 2019-nCoV, including the source of the virus, how it is transmitted and how it replicates are needed to both prevent and treat the disease.

- Zoonotic transmission: Both SARS and MERS are classified as zoonotic viral diseases, meaning the first patients who were infected acquired these viruses directly from animals. This was possible because while in the animal host, the virus had acquired a series of genetic mutations that allowed it to infect and multiply inside humans. Now these viruses can be transmitted from person to person. Field studies have revealed that the original source of SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV is the bat, and that the masked palm civets (a mammal native to Asia and Africa) and camels, respectively, served as intermediate hosts between bats and humans.
In the case of this 2019 coronavirus outbreak, reports state that most of the first group of patients hospitalized were workers or customers at a local seafood wholesale market which also sold processed meats and live consumable animals including poultry, donkeys, sheep, pigs, camels, foxes, badgers, bamboo rats, hedgehogs and reptiles. However, since no one has ever reported finding a coronavirus infecting aquatic animals, it is plausible that the coronavirus may have originated from other animals sold in that market...

Read More, https://theconversation.com/snakes-could-be-the-original-source-of-the-new-coronavirus-outbreak-in-china-130364


* Why Killer Viruses Are On The Rise: Environmental Changes By Humans; Rain Forests, Animals, Viruses

- Chinese Cobra with hood spread.

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Reply Snakes Could Be The Original Source Of The New Coronavirus Outbreak In China (Original post)
appalachiablue Jan 23 OP
Mike 03 Jan 23 #1
hlthe2b Jan 23 #2
roamer65 Jan 23 #3

Response to appalachiablue (Original post)

Thu Jan 23, 2020, 04:54 AM

1. "Coronavirus is transmitted through the air"

Is this the same thing as airborne transmission?

Can zoonotic disease be airborne too?

If this virus is airborne, wouldn't that be a very serious development? Do we know yet?

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Response to Mike 03 (Reply #1)

Thu Jan 23, 2020, 06:59 AM

2. Yes, yes, and yes. Coronaviruses are highly mutable (change genetically quickly) so

they adapt to other species quickly. SARs was caused by a related Coronavirus. There is likewise a related Coronavirus causing yet another respiratory disease in the Middle East, known as MERS-Cov. spread to humans from camels.

Like SARs before, this is quite serious. Whether it will quickly come and go, as SARs did, remains to be seen.

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Response to hlthe2b (Reply #2)

Thu Jan 23, 2020, 09:20 PM

3. Looks like on Twitter it is being called WARS.

Transmission rate sounds like it could be 10x of SARS.

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