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Sun Aug 20, 2017, 11:21 AM

Who is out of the labor force?

LINK

The key findings are:
 Women with a high school education or less are overwhelmingly the largest group of Americans out of
the labor force.
 After excluding caregivers (approximately 40 percent of nonparticipants), men and women report the
same reasons—and at similar rates—for not participating in the labor force. Almost 30 percent of
nonparticipants report being ill or disabled, while 8 percent are students, and 5 percent are early retirees.
 Male and female labor force nonparticipants have very different living arrangements:
o The most common living arrangement for female nonparticipants is living with a spouse or partner.
o The most common living arrangement for male nonparticipants is living with a parent.
 Almost three-quarters of nonparticipants live in a household with earned income and only 11 percent
report income from the safety net while receiving no earnings. More than 1.3 million Americans out of
the labor force report having no income at all—this includes a lack of both earned (through wages) or
unearned (such as retirement or safety net program) income.
 45 percent of households (3.3 million) with a male prime-age nonparticipant and 28 percent of
households (4.6 million) with a female prime-age nonparticipant are in the bottom quintile of income.


The link takes you to an abstract of the entire report, which can be downloaded as a .pdf.

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