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Wed Oct 9, 2013, 10:57 PM

How The NSA Deploys Malware: An In-Depth Look at the New Revelations

https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2013/10/how-nsa-deploys-malware-new-revelations


How The NSA Deploys Malware: An In-Depth Look at the New Revelations

October 8, 2013 | By Dan Auerbach

We've long suspected that the NSA, the world's premiere spy agency, was pretty good at breaking into computers. But now, thanks to an article by security expert Bruce Schneier—who is working with the Guardian to go through the Snowden documents—we have a much more detailed view of how the NSA uses exploits in order to infect the computers of targeted users. The template for attacking people with malware used by the NSA is in widespread use by criminals and fraudsters, as well as foreign intelligence agencies, so it's important to understand and defend against this threat to avoid being a victim to the plethora of attackers out there.


Deploying malware over the web generally involves two steps. First, as an attacker, you have to get your victim to visit a website under your control. Second, you have to get software—known as malware—installed on the victim's computer in order to gain control of that machine. This formula isn't universal, but is often how web-based malware attacks proceed.

In order to accomplish the first step of getting a user to visit a site under your control, an attacker might email the victim text that contains a link to the website in question, in a so-called phishing attack. The NSA reportedly uses phishing attacks sometimes, but we've learned that this step usually proceeds via a so-called “man-in-the-middle” attack.1 The NSA controls a set of servers codenamed “Quantum” that sit on the Internet backbone, and these servers are used to redirect targets away from their intended destinations to still other NSA-controlled servers that are responsible for the injection of malware. So, for example, if a targeted user visits “yahoo.com”, the target's browser will display the ordinary Yahoo! landing page but will actually be communicating with a server controlled by the NSA. This malicious version of Yahoo!'s website will tell the victim's browser to make a request in a background to another server controlled by the NSA which is used to deploy malware...

...The NSA has a set of servers on the public Internet with the code name “FoxAcid” used to deploy malware. Once their Quantum servers redirect targets to a specially crafted URL hosted on a FoxAcid server, software on that FoxAcid server selects from a toolkit of exploits in order to gain access to the user's computer. Presumably this toolkit has both known public exploits that rely on a user's software being out of date, as well as zero-day exploits which are generally saved for high value targets.2 The agency then reportedly uses this initial malware to install longer lasting malware.


Also discussed here:

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/04/tor-attacks-nsa-users-online-anonymity

http://sync.democraticunderground.com/1014611160

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Reply How The NSA Deploys Malware: An In-Depth Look at the New Revelations (Original post)
friendly_iconoclast Oct 2013 OP
dkf Oct 2013 #1
woolldog Oct 2013 #2

Response to friendly_iconoclast (Original post)

Wed Oct 9, 2013, 11:01 PM

1. Do any virus protectors or security programs wipe them out or detect them even?

 

Are the virus programs complicit in leaving this stuff on our computers?

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Response to dkf (Reply #1)

Wed Oct 9, 2013, 11:36 PM

2. Didn't Kaspersky discover the stuxnet virus?

 

I believe Iran called them in as consultants.

But I doubt any of the over the counter anti virus programs can detect NSA level viruses. And when/if they do I suspect the damage has been done.

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