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Wed Jun 22, 2022, 12:41 PM

Explained: Why is Kaliningrad so important to Russia?

Russia and Lithuania have become embroiled in a row after the EU state barred transport of some Kaliningrad-bound goods through its territory. But where is Kaliningrad, why is it part of Russia and what makes it so key? Lithuania on Monday began blocking goods banned under EU anti-Russia sanctions from being transported through its territory to Russian's Kaliningrad exclave. Prohibited items include coal, metals and construction materials. Over the weekend, video footage showed some panic buying at construction supply stores.

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What is Kaliningrad?

Kaliningrad is Russia's westernmost region, or oblast. It is an exclave, meaning it shares no borders with mainland Russia. Kaliningrad has a strip of Baltic Sea coast in its west, while bordering on Lithuania in the north and east, and Poland in the south. It spans an area of 15,000 square kilometers (5,830 square miles, about the size of East Timor), and has a population of roughly a million. Its capital is the eponymous city of Kaliningrad, where about half of that population lives.

Why does Kaliningrad belong to Russia?

The area of present-day Kaliningrad used to be part of the Kingdom of Prussia, and had a mixed Polish, Lithuanian and German-speaking population. After the defeat of Nazi Germany at the end of World War II, the territory was ceded to Soviet Russia. Its main city, known in German times as Königsberg, was renamed Kaliningrad -- the same name given to the entire area.

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Why is Kaliningrad important to Russia?

Kaliningrad's geographic location is strategically and militarily advantageous to Russia. It is Russia's only port on the Baltic Sea that is ice-free year-round, and the Russian Baltic Sea fleet is based there.

https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/explained-why-is-kaliningrad-so-important-to-russia/ar-AAYIytT

6 replies, 604 views

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Reply Explained: Why is Kaliningrad so important to Russia? (Original post)
Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin Jun 22 OP
irisblue Jun 22 #1
irisblue Jun 22 #2
speak easy Jun 22 #4
speak easy Jun 22 #3
bluecollar2 Jun 22 #5
Thomas Hurt Jun 22 #6

Response to Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin (Original post)

Wed Jun 22, 2022, 12:48 PM

1. To draw a parallel

The Free City of Danzig/Gdańsk of the 2020s?

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Response to Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin (Original post)

Wed Jun 22, 2022, 12:51 PM

2. From that article..."Russia also holds nuclear missiles in Kaliningrad,

Russia also holds nuclear missiles in Kaliningrad, placing them within close striking range of major European capitals. Neighboring countries Lithuania and Poland are EU and NATO states."

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Response to Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin (Original post)


Response to Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin (Original post)

Wed Jun 22, 2022, 01:11 PM

5. Maybe it's time to blockade this enclave...n/t

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Response to Yo_Mama_Been_Loggin (Original post)

Wed Jun 22, 2022, 01:29 PM

6. If you were playing by Putin's book, you take Kaliningrad and trade it for leaving UKR

and leaving Crimea.

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