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Thu Nov 1, 2018, 04:33 PM

Psychology Today: The Dunning-Kruger Effect May Help Explain Trump's Support

A new study suggests some people grossly overestimate their political knowledge.

In the past, some prominent psychologists have explained President Donald Trump’s unwavering support by alluding to a well-established psychological phenomenon known as the “Dunning-Kruger effect.” The effect is a type of cognitive bias, where people with little expertise or ability assume they have superior expertise or ability. This overestimation occurs as a result of the fact that they don’t have enough knowledge to know they don’t have enough knowledge. This simple but loopy concept has been demonstrated dozens of times in well-controlled psychology studies and in a variety of contexts. However, until now, the effect had not been studied in one of the most obvious and important realms—political knowledge.

A new study published in the journal Political Psychology, carried out by the political scientist Ian Anson at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, not only found that the Dunning-Kruger effect applies to politics, it also appears to be exacerbated when partisan identities are made more salient. In other words, those who score low on political knowledge tend to overestimate their expertise even more when greater emphasis is placed on political affiliation.

Anson told PsyPost that he became increasingly interested in the effect after other academics were discussing its potential role in the 2016 U.S. presidential election on social media. “I follow a number of political scientists who marveled at the social media pundit class’ seeming display of ‘Dunning-Kruger-ish tendencies’ in their bombastic coverage of the election.” However, speculation by scientists does not always translate into statistically-significant findings, so Anson began thinking of ways to experimentally test what he described as a “very serious accusation.”

More: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/mind-in-the-machine/201808/the-dunning-kruger-effect-may-help-explain-trumps-support?fbclid=IwAR3apgHPq2gK9FYGvaII7RM-6c-rpD1QuOm173oZBnL0RTVqNNEVka0Tht4

In more simple terms:



6 replies, 676 views

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Reply Psychology Today: The Dunning-Kruger Effect May Help Explain Trump's Support (Original post)
Quixote1818 Nov 1 OP
unblock Nov 1 #1
renate Nov 1 #3
UTUSN Nov 1 #2
smirkymonkey Nov 1 #4
Charlotte Little Nov 1 #5
Liberal Insights Nov 1 #6

Response to Quixote1818 (Original post)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 04:40 PM

1. Indeed, these people think they're experts because they watch foxnews 10 hours a day.

They think that makes them more informed than people who try to learn actual facts instead.

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Response to unblock (Reply #1)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 05:12 PM

3. Exactly! Fox absolutely relies on the Dunning-Kruger effect

And people have to have a certain amount of self knowledge to guard against it, which Fox viewers can’t possibly have or they wouldn’t be Fox viewers.

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Response to Quixote1818 (Original post)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 05:10 PM

2. K&R

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Response to Quixote1818 (Original post)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 05:39 PM

4. K&R

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Response to Quixote1818 (Original post)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 06:27 PM

5. This would explain my 79 year old father.

He thinks he is such the expert. I love him like life itself, but when it comes to politics, he's as dumb as a damn rock. And it's willful ignorance on steroids.

I've begged my mother to break the remote control so that he can't watch Fox (Hannity in particular), but she won't do it. But I may when I go home this Christmas. Oh, that trip's gonna be so much fun.

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Response to Quixote1818 (Original post)

Thu Nov 1, 2018, 07:24 PM

6. This is superb, and

in my humble opinion, the reason that Donald Trump is so attractive to people who know almost nothing about the issues involved in politics is that they see the same ignorant views in him that they possess themselves; and in applauding his stupidity, they are applauding their own.

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