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n2doc Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 09:43 AM
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Cheap alloy could produce zero-carbon hydrogen from sunlight
BY CHRISTOPHER MIMS
2 SEP 2011 10:11 AM


An inexpensive combination of two metals common in the manufacture of computer chips can generate hydrogen from water, using only sunlight as an energy source. If the process can be made commercially viable -- and the simplicity and cost suggests it might -- it would mean yet another way to produce energy directly from sunlight, and a potential source of hydrogen for the kind of fuel cells that power both buildings and vehicles.

Everyone said it couldn't be done, that it didn't have the "right arrangement of electrons," but scientists at the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville proved them wrong. They combined antimony (Sb) and gallium nitride (GaN) after a sophisticated computer model suggested the alloy of the two substances could work, even though previous experience suggested it wouldn't. (The alloy, sadly, is not baNGS. The computer didnt sign off on that.)

Currently, hydrogen for commercial use is produced from fossil fuels such as natural gas, which defeats the purpose just a little. Producing it with sunlight could make it a viable compliment to traditional solar panels.

"Hydrogen production now involves a large amount of CO2 emissions," says Professor Mahendra Sunkara. "Once this alloy material is widely available, it could conceivably be used to make zero-emissions fuel for powering homes and cars and to heat homes."

http://www.grist.org/list/2011-09-02-cheap-alloy-could-...





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Overseas Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 09:45 AM
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1. K&R.
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highplainsdem Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 09:56 AM
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2. K&R
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FarCenter Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 10:11 AM
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3. Novel Alloy Could Produce Hydrogen Fuel from Sunlight
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/1108301512...

"Using state-of-the-art theoretical computations, the University of Kentucky-University of Louisville team demonstrated that an alloy formed by a 2 percent substitution of antimony (Sb) in gallium nitride (GaN) has the right electrical properties to enable solar light energy to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen, a process known as photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. When the alloy is immersed in water and exposed to sunlight, the chemical bond between the hydrogen and oxygen molecules in water is broken. The hydrogen can then be collected."

It seems that they have done a computer simulation. So far the alloy has not been produced, nor has any hydrogen been generated.
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CaliforniaPeggy Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 11:04 AM
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4. Sounds promising! Now they need to see if it really works.
Recommended.

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WhiteTara Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 11:24 AM
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5. I hope they roll out this technology soon! n/t
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HysteryDiagnosis Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sat Sep-03-11 12:08 PM
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6. This is possibly the most important scientific article of all time on earth and the
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