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False: President Obama Created Or Granted Immunity To Interpol

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Adelante Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Jan-03-10 03:04 PM
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False: President Obama Created Or Granted Immunity To Interpol
In the 79th Congress the International Organizations Immunities Act of 1945 became law.

Subsequently:

Executive Order 12425 of June 16, 1983

International Criminal Police Organizations

By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 1 of the International Organizations Immunities Act (59 Stat. 669, 22 U.S.C. 288), it is hereby ordered that the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), in which the United States participates pursuant to 22 U.S.C. 263a, is hereby designated as a public international organization entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions and immunities conferred by the International Organizations Immunities Act; except those provided by Section 2(c), the portions of Section 2(d) and Section 3 relating to customs duties and federal internal-revenue importation taxes, Section 4, Section 5, and Section 6 of that Act. This designation is not intended to abridge in any respect the privileges, exemptions or immunities which such organization may have acquired or may acquire by international agreement or by Congressional action.

Ronald Reagan
The White House,
June 16, 1983.


Amendment to Executive Order 12425 by William Jefferson Clinton

Executive Order 12971 of September 15, 1995

Amendment to Executive Order No. 12425

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and in order to extend the appropriate privileges, exemptions, and immunities upon the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) it is hereby ordered that Executive Order No. 12425 be amended by deleting, in the first sentence, the words the portions of Section 2(d) and and the words relating to customs duties and federal internal-revenue importation taxes.

William J. Clinton
The White House,
September 15, 1995.


Amendment to Executive Order 12425 by Barack Obama

Executive Order 13524 of December 16, 2009

Amending Executive Order 12425 Designating Interpol as a Public International Organization Entitled to Enjoy Certain Privileges, Exemptions, and Immunities

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 1 of the International Organizations Immunities Act (22 U.S.C. 288), and in order to extend the appropriate privileges, exemptions, and immunities to the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), it is hereby ordered that Executive Order 12425 of June 16, 1983, as amended, is further amended by deleting from the first sentence the words except those provided by Section 2(c), Section 3, Section 4, Section 5, and Section 6 of that Act and the semicolon that immediately precedes them.

Barack Obama
The White House,
December 16, 2009.

As amended, the Executive Order will now read:

By virtue of the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and statutes of the United States, including Section 1 of the International Organizations Immunities Act (59 Stat. 669, 22 U.S.C. 288), it is hereby ordered that the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), in which the United States participates pursuant to 22 U.S.C. 263a, is hereby designated as a public international organization entitled to enjoy the privileges, exemptions and immunities conferred by the International Organizations Immunities Act. This designation is not intended to abridge in any respect the privileges, exemptions or immunities which such organization may have acquired or may acquire by international agreement or by Congressional action.


New York Times, December 30, 2009:

Order on Interpol Work Inside U.S. Irks Conservatives

-snip

In the United States, a bureau at the Justice Department staffed by American officials transmits information between law enforcement agencies and Interpol. If a foreign country issues an arrest warrant for a person inside the United States, it is up to the United States government, based on its own laws, to decide whether to apprehend the suspect.

We dont send officers into the field to arrest people; we dont have agents that go investigate crimes, said Rachel Billington, an Interpol spokeswoman. This is always done by the national police in the member country under their national laws.

When public international organizations are operating on United States soil, a law allows the president to grant them certain rights and immunities, just as foreign embassies receive privileges. More than 70 organizations including the International Committee of the Red Cross, the World Bank and the International Pacific Halibut Commission receive those rights.

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan extended some rights including immunity from lawsuits or prosecution for official acts to Interpol, which was holding its annual meeting in the United States. But Mr. Reagans order did not include other standard privileges like immunity from certain tax requirements and from having its property or records subject to search and seizure because at the time, Interpol had no permanent office or employees on United States soil.

-snip

When the office opened in 2004, we said look, wed like to have the Interpol staff working in the office in New York afforded the same immunities as other international organizations, Ms. Billington said. Its only for the New York office.

The State Department recommended approving the request, but the Bush White House did not complete the matter before its term ended, and so it rolled over.



Jake Tapper, ABC News, December 30, 2009:

Just What Did President Obama's Executive Order regarding INTERPOL Do?


-snip

"The FBI and other law enforcement agencies have closely coordinated with INTERPOL for many, many years," a former counterterrorism official who served during the Bush administration says approvingly.

-snip

Reagan's 1983 executive order, however, did not provide blanket exemptions for INTERPOL officials, who at the time did not have a permanent office in the US. The provisions of the International Organizations Immunities Act that INTERPOL officials were not exempt from included:

Section 2(c), which provided officials immunity from their property and assets being searched and confiscated; including their archives;
the portions of Section 2(d) and Section 3 relating to customs duties and federal internal-revenue importation taxes;
Section 4, dealing with federal taxes;
Section 5, dealing with Social Security; and
Section 6, dealing with property taxes.


-snip

So what does the counterterrorism official from the Bush years think of this?

He can't believe it's taken this long.

"To the extent that granting these immunities to INTERPOL furthers the efficacy or ease of information-sharing or joint action on an expedited basis to act on warrants seems like a no brainer to me," the official says.

"Conservatives can't have it both ways," the official says. "You can't be complaining about the hypothetical abdication of US jurisdiction at the same time you're complaining the Obama administration is not being tough enough on national security."
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vaberella Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Wed Jan-06-10 01:09 PM
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1. This needs it's own thread in GDP. n/t
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