Democratic Underground Latest Greatest Lobby Journals Search Options Help Login
Google

1889 Pandemic Didn’t Need Planes to Circle Globe in 4 Months

Printer-friendly format Printer-friendly format
Printer-friendly format Email this thread to a friend
Printer-friendly format Bookmark this thread
This topic is archived.
Home » Discuss » Topic Forums » Health Donate to DU
 
n2doc Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 11:18 AM
Original message
1889 Pandemic Didn’t Need Planes to Circle Globe in 4 Months
By Alexis Madrigal April 26, 2010 | 6:25 pm | Categories: Medicine


The 1889 Russian flu pandemic circled the globe in just four months, captivating the world, despite the lack of airplanes or hyperventilating cable news stations.

If that was possible, closing down air traffic in the event of a new pandemic might not do much, argue the authors led by Alain-Jacques Valleron, an epidemiologist at the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale in Paris.

“The rapid progression of the 1889 pandemic demonstrates that slower surface travel, even with much smaller traveler flows, sufficed to spread the pandemic across all of Europe and the United States in ~4 months,” the researchers wrote in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on April 26. “This observation supports mathematical model results, which anticipated that restricting air transportation would have little, if any, effect. One possible hypothesis is that the important predictor of the speed of the pandemic is not the absolute numbers of passengers traveling between cities but the connectedness of the network of cities.”

The data on the disease were assembled for the first time from local records in 172 European and American cities. The Russian flu is particularly interesting because it was the first major epidemic to strike Europe after the laying down of dense railroad connections. In 1889, there were already more than 125,000 miles of rail lines connecting European cities. (That’s more mileage than exists today, the authors note).



Read More http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2010/04/1889-russian-...
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
notadmblnd Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 11:23 AM
Response to Original message
1. Shipping
Edited on Tue Apr-27-10 11:23 AM by notadmblnd
They did have sailing ships and unless history has been changed lately, it was the main method of passing the disease on.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
xchrom Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 12:01 PM
Response to Original message
2. Recommend - I notice this got unrecd.
Funny that.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
SPedigrees Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 12:21 PM
Response to Original message
3. Think of it as a relay race. Man travels to nearest town, infects people,
one or more of whom travel 20 miles or so to another town, tag, you're it to the next courier, and so on. Those near the water travel by boat. Slower than air travel, but it works the same. We're social creatures and we tend to mingle.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
laconicsax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 02:37 PM
Response to Original message
4. Are you sure it wasn't spread by big PHARMA and their evul vaccines?
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
TalkingDog Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 11:11 PM
Response to Reply #4
5. No, but it certainly wasn't stopped by them either....n/t
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
laconicsax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 11:26 PM
Response to Reply #5
6. So what? Neither was the Black Death in the 14th century.
There was no flu vaccine during the Russian flu pandemic.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
TalkingDog Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Wed Apr-28-10 11:45 PM
Response to Reply #6
7. Vaccines don't do anything. They have never prevented much of anything.
In the Midst of the Health Care Debate and the H1N1 Vaccine Crisis: http://wp.me/pAw0L-7r

Vaccines only exist to make money for the drug companies and the manufacturers.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
laconicsax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Apr-29-10 12:02 AM
Response to Reply #7
8. Except for polio, measles, rabies, human papilloma virus, chicken pox, influenza, typhoid, mumps...
...but aside from those, it's all snake oil, right?

Sometimes the ignorance and paranoia flaunted on this forum is staggering.
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
laconicsax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Apr-30-10 06:11 PM
Response to Reply #7
9. No response, huh?
Printer Friendly | Permalink |  | Top
 
DU AdBot (1000+ posts) Click to send private message to this author Click to view 
this author's profile Click to add 
this author to your buddy list Click to add 
this author to your Ignore list Mon Oct 20th 2014, 11:03 PM
Response to Original message
Advertisements [?]
 Top

Home » Discuss » Topic Forums » Health Donate to DU

Powered by DCForum+ Version 1.1 Copyright 1997-2002 DCScripts.com
Software has been extensively modified by the DU administrators


Important Notices: By participating on this discussion board, visitors agree to abide by the rules outlined on our Rules page. Messages posted on the Democratic Underground Discussion Forums are the opinions of the individuals who post them, and do not necessarily represent the opinions of Democratic Underground, LLC.

Home  |  Discussion Forums  |  Journals |  Store  |  Donate

About DU  |  Contact Us  |  Privacy Policy

Got a message for Democratic Underground? Click here to send us a message.

© 2001 - 2011 Democratic Underground, LLC