Excerpt of Boulding’s Three Laws:
First Theorem: “The Dismal Theorem” If the only ultimate check on the growth of population is misery, then the population will grow until it is miserable enough to stop its growth.
Second Theorem: “The Utterly Dismal Theorem” This theorem states that any technical improvement can only relieve misery for a while, for so long as misery is the only check on population, the
improvement will enable population to grow, and will soon enable more people to live in misery than before. The final result of improvements, therefore, is to increase the equilibrium population which is to increase the total sum of human misery.
Third Theorem: “The moderately cheerful form of the Dismal Theorem” Fortunately, it is not too difficult to restate the Dismal Theorem in a moderately cheerful form, which states that if something else, other than misery and starvation, can be found which will keep a prosperous population in check, the population does not have to grow until it is miserable and starves, and it can be stably prosperous. Until we know more, the Cheerful Theorem remains a question mark. Misery we know will do the trick. This is the only sure- fire automatic method of bringing population to equilibrium. Other things may do it.
excerpt from: http://www.gurufocus.com/news.php?id=81739
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Its hard to find an intelligent article on population, but this one is pretty good. The basic argument made is that growth inevitably decreases the standard of living of a population, in spite of what we have often been told (by those who profit from growth). One interesting thing discussed is how the One Child policy in China has been a factor in their huge standard of living improvement over the past couple of decades, while our growth has done the opposite.
No solutions in it, but the notion of a "Cheerful Theorem" is a useful one, or a practical way of looking at it at least.