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Shoedogg Donating Member (515 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 04:49 AM
Original message
The 14 Defining Characteristics of Fascism
"Dr. Lawrence Britt has examined the fascist regimes of Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy), Franco (Spain), Suharto (Indonesia) and several Latin American regimes. Britt found 14 defining characteristics common to each:

There was a thread that mentioned this the other day - http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.ph... .

I made a little Flash piece to illustrate the list if anyone's interested or might find it useful.

http://www.shoedogg.net
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Direckshun Donating Member (303 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 04:59 AM
Response to Original message
1. So, let's put Bush to the Lawrence Britt test, shall we?
Let's give Bush a run-through...

1. Powerful and Continuing Nationalism -
Fascist regimes tend to make constant use of patriotic mottos, slogans, symbols, songs, and other paraphernalia. Flags are seen everywhere, as are flag symbols on clothing and in public displays.


Guilty.

2. Disdain for the Recognition of Human Rights -
Because of fear of enemies and the need for security, the people in fascist regimes are persuaded that human rights can be ignored in certain cases because of "need." The people tend to look the other way or even approve of torture, summary executions, assassinations, long incarcerations of prisoners, etc.


Guilty, if mildly. The Patriot Act, and the many acts of the Bush administration to give Democratic-governed states hell.

3. Identification of Enemies/Scapegoats as a Unifying Cause -
The people are rallied into a unifying patriotic frenzy over the need to eliminate a perceived common threat or foe: racial , ethnic or religious minorities; liberals; communists; socialists, terrorists, etc.


Guilty.

4. Supremacy of the Military -
Even when there are widespread domestic problems, the military is given a disproportionate amount of government funding, and the domestic agenda is neglected. Soldiers and military service are glamorized.


Guilty.

5. Rampant Sexism -
The governments of fascist nations tend to be almost exclusively male-dominated. Under fascist regimes, traditional gender roles are made more rigid. Divorce, abortion and homo-sexuality are suppressed and the state is represented as the ultimate guardian of the family institution.


Guilty, if mildly. Bush's own administration is predominantly men, but there are quite a few women in the government.

6. Controlled Mass Media -
Sometimes to media is directly controlled by the government, but in other cases, the media is indirectly controlled by government regulation, or sympathetic media spokespeople and executives. Censorship, especially in war time, is very common.


Guilty. Recently Cheney praised the very right-wing Fox News. Republicans in my home state of Missouri have taken the tax exemption away from a couple of newspapers who ran unfavorable editorials.

7. Obsession with National Security -
Fear is used as a motivational tool by the government over the masses.


Guilty.

8. Religion and Government are Intertwined -
Governments in fascist nations tend to use the most common religion in the nation as a tool to manipulate public opinion. Religious rhetoric and terminology is common from government leaders, even when the major tenets of the religion are diametrically opposed to the government's policies or actions.


Guilty.

9. Corporate Power is Protected -
The industrial and business aristocracy of a fascist nation often are the ones who put the government leaders into power, creating a mutually beneficial business/government relationship and power elite.


Guilty.

10. Labor Power is Suppressed -
Because the organizing power of labor is the only real threat to a fascist government, labor unions are either eliminated entirely, or are severely suppressed.


This one is debatable.

11. Disdain for Intellectuals and the Arts -
Fascist nations tend to promote and tolerate open hostility to higher education, and academia. It is not uncommon for professors and other academics to be censored or even arrested. Free expression in the arts and letters is openly attacked.


This one is debatable, too.

12. Obsession with Crime and Punishment -
Under fascist regimes, the police are given almost limitless power to enforce laws. The people are often willing to overlook police abuses and even forego civil liberties in the name of patriotism. There is often a national police force with virtually unlimited power in fascist nations.


This one is debatable, and I wouldn't be likely to agree to it.

13. Rampant Cronyism and Corruption -
Fascist regimes almost always are governed by groups of friends and associates who appoint each other to government positions and use governmental power and authority to protect their friends from accountability. It is not uncommon in fascist regimes for national resources and even treasures to be appropriated or even outright stolen by government leaders.


This one is debatable.

14. Fraudulent Elections -
Sometimes elections in fascist nations are a complete sham. Other times elections are manipulated by smear campaigns against or even assassination of opposition candidates, use of legislation to control voting numbers or political district boundaries, and manipulation of the media. Fascist nations also typically use their judiciaries to manipulate or control elections.


Guilty, if mildly.

So...10 for 14 that could easily be argued to be true for the Bush administration. I wonder if that's enough?
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JNelson6563 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 05:06 AM
Response to Reply #1
2. not debatable
Edited on Thu May-06-04 05:24 AM by JNelson6563
Labor; Bushies have done all they can to supress labor in the face of a bothersome "re"-election coming. If they "win" look out.

Intellectualism and the arts are always ridiculed by the right, this admin. is no different in fact they are worse. Negotiation is considered a loser strategy for "the intellectual elite" especially with countries like NK (remember Jr calling their leader a "pygmie"?)

Crime and punishment; you find this debatable?? The dehumanizing of all who are not like us. "With us or against us"? The whole frickin' world? Patriot act? Everyone who fights US occuaption is a "thug"? Every know a group more into the death penalty?

Rampant cronyism? You find this debatable? These fucking inbreds are practically skipping this step in many cases to get rigth on to the apex of such behavior, nepotism.

Fraudulant elections, "mildly" guilty??? Let's talk voter roll purges, shall we? How about Diebold?

Geez, maybe we're lucky you saw any parallels in any of 'em.

Julie
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Direckshun Donating Member (303 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 05:28 AM
Response to Reply #2
3. Geez, Julie, maybe you are.
I disagree with four of the claims and all of a sudden I'm a Bush apologist.

*puts hands up*

Whaaaaaaaaaaatever.
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SEpatriot Donating Member (369 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 06:19 AM
Response to Reply #1
6. I don't think your a Bush apologist...
But this is the most anti-labor administration in history.
http://www.adaction.org/BushAnti-Labor.htm
http://www.democrats.org/specialreports/laborrecord /

Bush's AG is ruthlessly fascistic in his approach to crime and punishment.

http://www.pfaw.org/pfaw/general/default.aspx?oid=576

Bush's cronyism is the worst in American history.

http://www.oldamericancentury.org/cronyism.htm

http://www.hermes-press.com/bush_crony.htm

I just don't think these items are debatable - from a progressive perspective.
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gandalf Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 06:05 AM
Response to Original message
4. Nice piece! nt
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Shoedogg Donating Member (515 posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 06:12 AM
Response to Reply #4
5. Thanks so much
Sometimes I feel like no one ever sees it, so it's nice to hear it was enjoyed.
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gandalf Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu May-06-04 07:17 AM
Response to Reply #5
7. I will show it to my colleagues! nt
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