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Reply #27: Gilbert's 1578 expedition failed, was heading into present day Canada [View All]

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unc70 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 02:15 AM
Response to Reply #21
27. Gilbert's 1578 expedition failed, was heading into present day Canada
Sir Humphrey Gilbert in 1578 never made it to North America; seven ships, crew partially from failed Irish plantations, had to turn back. His later expedition in 1583 made it to Newfoundland which he claimed in the name of the Queen; he did not start a settlement and on the return voyage, Gilbert's boat sank with the loss of all on board including Gilbert.

BTW When Gilbert claimed the land for England, the port town of St Johns had already been there for nearly a century as the hub of the Grand Banks fishing fleets from all over Europe, particularly French and Basque.

Gilbert's half-brother, Sir Walter Raleigh, organized the ill-fated "Lost Colony" of Roanoke in NC which was an attempt at an actual English settlement. It went through several phases, but I don't think any of its company were slaves.

There were white slaves in the British colonies, though mostly in places like Jamaica on the sugar cane plantations, some of the most brutal places. Many of the early settlers in VA were under some sort of bondage, usually indenture. This was also the status of the group of Africans (formerly slaves on a previous ship) who were brought into Jamestown in 1619; they were indentured and became free after their period of bondage.

The earliest documented example of a slave-for-life in VA involved a Black owner of a Black slave. There were all sorts of bondage until 1865, when it became limited to criminals, wives, and minor children.

BTW In NC through 1865, free blacks (people of color) not only could and did own slaves, the could have black and white apprentices bonded to them. The most famous example of this was Thomas Day, the leading furniture and cabinet maker of his day.
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