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Reply #18: And the Chinese Exclusion Act [View All]

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Nikki Stone1 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Tue Apr-27-10 12:23 AM
Response to Reply #6
18. And the Chinese Exclusion Act
When white workers building the Central Pacific Railroad began threatened to strike for higher wages in 1865, the Railroad first brought in Chinese workers, whom they treated pretty much like slaves. The Chinese proved to be cheap, fast and innovative and CPR began widescale recruitment of Chinese workers. When white workers refused to work alongside the poorly paid Chinese workers, the railroad hired only Chinese. By the end of the project, 15,000 of 17,000 railroad workers were Chinese.

The Chinese were coerced into accepting conditions worse than those given white workers and prevented from seeking recourse. Whites got $35 a month plus free board and lodging; Chinese got $26-35 without food and houses. Chinese workers did strike in 1866 for better conditions (equivalent to what the white workers were receiving). Apparently Chinese workers were whipped and stopped from looking for other work. To break the striked, the railroad company tried to get 10,000 African Americans to replace the Chinese. The attempt failed. Central Pacific RR stopped provisions to Chinese workers, starved them out. Stopped the strike.

When the railroad work ended, the Chinese were left abandoned in a racist California, without citizenship status and without wives. Leland Stanford, the head of Central Pacific Railroad, didn't care about the condition of these workers, just using them and leaving them to the whims of the California whites. (That's Stanford University to you and me.)

In the end, the US government passed the Chinese Exclusion Act.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_Exclusion_Act

"By 1860 the Chinese were the largest immigrant group in California. The Chinese workers provided cheap labor and did not use any of the government infrastructure (schools, hospitals, etc.) because the Chinese migrant population was predominantly made up of male adults. <3> As time passed and more and more Chinese migrants arrived in California violence would often break out in cities such as Los Angeles. By 1878 the congress decided to act and passed legislation excluding the Chinese, but this was vetoed by President Hayes. California, in its zeal for excluding the Chinese, declared a holiday on March 6th, 1881 in order to hold widespread demonstrations to support the anti-Chinese legislation. Once the Chinese Exclusion Act was finally passed in 1882, California went further in its discrimination against the Chinese by passing various laws that were later proved unconstitutional.<4> After the act was passed most Chinese families were faced with a dilemma: stay in the United States alone or go back to China to reunite with their families.<5> Newspapers around the country and especially in California started to discredit and blame the Chinese for most things, i.e. white unemployment. The police also discriminated against the Chinese by using the slightest opportunity to arrest them. Although there was widespread dislike for the Chinese, some capitalists and entrepreneurs resisted their exclusion based on economic factors. <6>"
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  -On mass deportations and racism in US History. nadinbrzezinski  Apr-26-10 10:24 PM   #0 
  - Yep. Nothing more American that what's happened in Arizona. Nice post.  BlooInBloo   Apr-26-10 10:25 PM   #1 
  - USA ==> United States of the Anglos  UndertheOcean   Apr-26-10 10:31 PM   #2 
  - Who the anglos are changes from generation to generation  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 10:37 PM   #4 
  - Off To The Greatest Page With You !!!  WillyT   Apr-26-10 10:32 PM   #3 
  - Thanks  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 10:38 PM   #5 
  - Nor should we forget what Carey McWilliams called the California Japanese War...  Ozymanithrax   Apr-26-10 10:48 PM   #6 
  - I knew I was forgetting a group  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 10:52 PM   #7 
  - In La Jolla, even up into the 60's after the civil rights act...  Ozymanithrax   Apr-26-10 11:17 PM   #9 
     - And that was the case in way too many La Jollas across the country  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 11:20 PM   #10 
     - Another reason to hate La Jolla....  Nikki Stone1   Apr-27-10 12:24 AM   #19 
        - It is not La Jolla, but the people who made it. n/t  Ozymanithrax   Apr-27-10 10:31 AM   #29 
  - And the Chinese Exclusion Act  Nikki Stone1   Apr-27-10 12:23 AM   #18 
  - K&R  Odin2005   Apr-26-10 11:12 PM   #8 
  - Initially more a MA colony rather than VA story.  unc70   Apr-26-10 11:34 PM   #11 
  - Actually White Slavery came to Virginia first  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 11:37 PM   #12 
     - It was still being practiced in the mid-late 1800s  WolverineDG   Apr-27-10 12:14 AM   #15 
     - Indeed and the White Star line transported many undesirables  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 12:16 AM   #16 
        - He ended up in Indiana, so much for the "Free" North, huh  WolverineDG   Apr-27-10 07:29 AM   #28 
     - Racial, chattel slavery started in MA, not VA  unc70   Apr-27-10 12:30 AM   #20 
        - Give me a second  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 12:45 AM   #21 
        - Gilbert's 1578 expedition failed, was heading into present day Canada  unc70   Apr-27-10 02:15 AM   #27 
           - I know that, but the precedent was his expedition  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 10:50 AM   #30 
              - Attitude on labor set my New England elites, not indentured or other workers  unc70   Apr-27-10 02:34 PM   #33 
                 - It was not just Cotton Mather or the New England Elites  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 04:50 PM   #36 
                    - Pervasive, yes, but led by New England, enshrined by NE historians  unc70   Apr-27-10 05:28 PM   #39 
                       - We are free to disagree  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 07:07 PM   #40 
                          - American Exceptionalism, intolerance, and bigotry are at the core of our problems  unc70   Apr-27-10 11:47 PM   #44 
        - First African slaves British North America  Thothmes   Apr-27-10 08:08 PM   #41 
           - They were not "slaves", but "servants" to use the terms of the time  unc70   Apr-27-10 11:11 PM   #42 
              - and as a piece of trivia from very modern research  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 11:14 PM   #43 
  - Shouldn't leave out the "sundown towns"  Brewman_Jax   Apr-26-10 11:37 PM   #13 
  - Of course not  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-26-10 11:47 PM   #14 
  - Sundown towns first in early colonial times, whole states later  unc70   Apr-27-10 04:35 PM   #35 
  - "Plane Wreck at Los Gatos," Woody Guthrie  Ron Green   Apr-27-10 12:23 AM   #17 
  - K & R  Scurrilous   Apr-27-10 01:02 AM   #22 
  - And there were the Irish, the Italians and the Chinese. All were severely discriminated against.  Kablooie   Apr-27-10 01:03 AM   #23 
  - Of course  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 01:04 AM   #24 
     - But they were all pretty well assimilated but it took a over a generation to happen.  Kablooie   Apr-27-10 01:09 AM   #25 
        - And we'd have to ask why the brown were not, mostly  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 01:13 AM   #26 
  - k/r -- good post and discussion  fishwax   Apr-27-10 11:04 AM   #31 
  - The Protestant ethic. But ethnic cleansing in this hemisphere began with Columbus and the Arawaks.  WinkyDink   Apr-27-10 11:29 AM   #32 
  - You know my problem with the Spanish Black Legend  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 04:53 PM   #37 
  - History will not  conscious evolution   Apr-27-10 03:20 PM   #34 
     - Sadly depends on who wins this battle  nadinbrzezinski   Apr-27-10 04:53 PM   #38 
 

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