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Reply #55: There's another side to this story - how Allen Dulles and friends moved Nazi gold out of Europe [View All]

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leveymg Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Sun Jul-26-09 07:50 AM
Response to Reply #53
55. There's another side to this story - how Allen Dulles and friends moved Nazi gold out of Europe
Edited on Sun Jul-26-09 08:23 AM by leveymg
under the guise of Operation Safehaven. Only a small fraction of the loot made it to the U.S. Treasury. If you want to buy people's silence about a huge crime, treason, nothing is more effective than making them accessories to lesser crime, like looting captured enemy assets. See, http://www.spiritone.com/~gdy52150/goldp2.html ; c.f., http://www.docstoc.com/docs/8870134/The-OSS-and-Project...

On December 6, 1944, the State Department released its long awaited Circular Instruction to U.S. Missions about Safehaven matters. The release of the Circular marked the beginning of the political and diplomatic phases of Safehaven under the Department of State.

Collecting data and evaluating the data were largely confined to the OSS. Within the OSS, Safehaven was confined to the SI (Secret Intelligence) and X2 (counter-intelligence) divisions. X2 often played the dominant role within the OSS, especially with the more important neutrals of Switzerland, Portugal and Spain. X2 was particularly involved in the German effort to transfer looted assets to foreign countries. For the OSS, this meant little more than a redirection of its intelligence operations to obtaining economic data. Cooperation between the OSS and Safehaven was on an informal basis until November 30, 1944. At the end of November, instructions sent out to all OSS stations detailed the intelligence requirement expected to be generated by the Safehaven program. In substance, Safehaven was piggybacking on already active OSS operations.


Under such conditions, it is hardly surprising that Safehaven was dependent on the personalities of the various OSS station chiefs. As already mentioned, the OSS operation in Spain was compromised because of the ambassador. In Switzerland, Allen Dulles was the station chief. Dulles had already been exposed by an earlier operation in a joint program with the British of spying on Americans and was suspected of being sympathetic with the Nazi cause. Dulles had deliberately been sent to Switzerland where he would have the most temptation to help his clients. By the time Dulles had reached Berne, he was aware that he was being watched. Dulles knew he was unable to use official channels to help his clients in the United States. Thus, Dulles used his Vatican connections to help the Nazis and Vatican couriers to help his clients in America, as the Vatican couriers held diplomatic immunity. The Vatican readily agreed to help Dulles in their zeal to regain their own assets in Germany and further their fanatical anti-communism philosophy.

Declassified files show that Slovenian bishop, Gregory Rozman, was trying to arrange the transfer of huge quantities of Nazi-controlled gold and Western currency that had been discreetly secreted in Swiss banks during the war. The bishop had been sent to Berne with the aid of Dulles friends within the intelligence service. For a few months, the Allies were successful in preventing Rozman from receiving the funds. Then suddenly, Rozman had the funds for his Nazi friends residing in Argentina. Dulles had fixed it. This action may be only the tip of the iceberg. In 1945, the U.S. Treasury Department accused Dulles of laundering the funds from the Nazi Bank of Hungary to Switzerland. Similar charges were made against Dulles agent Hans Bernd Gisevius, who had worked as an OSS agent while serving at the Reichsbank. The State Department quickly took over the case from the Treasury, after which the investigation was silenced and quickly dropped.7 Gisevius may have also been involved in the ratlines.

In fact, Dulles career in Berne during WWII is marked by several money laundering cases. After the Nazis tipped Dulles off that the Swiss codes had been broken, Dulles shifted his operation to the banks of Belgium, Luxembourg and Liechtenstein, using a roundabout route through Japan aided by Vatican couriers. 8 After the end of the war all the banks in these countries refused to allow allied investigators to look at their books. One of Dulles dirtiest tricks may have been an effort to buy more time to move Nazi gold through Switzerland. A former East Bloc intelligence officer has confirmed that Dulles warned the Nazis the Japanese code had been broken at a crucial time. Shortly after warning the Nazis, the SS suddenly told the High Command to use tighter code security and to stop using the radio. They suddenly stopped using Ultra and switched to couriers. For once, the Allies had no information on the German battle plan. This most likely explains how the Germans were able to launch the Battle of the Bulge as a complete surprise.13

Dulles and his comrades certainly exerted a large amount of influence to ensure US investments in Nazi Germany were not seized for repartitions. In Switzerland, the SS had purchased a large amount of stock in American corporations and laundered their money through the Chase and the Corn Exchange banks. Even more brazen was the case of Pan Am clippers hired by W.R. Grace Corporation to transport Nazi gems, currency, stock and bonds to South America. The operations were the product of Dulles money laundering for the Nazis. 11 Several American officers readily admit that much of the Nazi gold was never turned over to them. One officer admits to being in a huge vault filled with gold, gems and currency that never appeared in any US files.9

Dulles had been a backer of Germany for a longtime and he envisioned Germany as a bulkhead against the Soviets. The young Lt. William Casey was another OSS agent that shared Dulles views of a German bulkhead. Casey served in the SI division in France and the Lowlands after they were recaptured. In a report from Paris, Casey wrote that Safehaven was a valuable field of endeavor, especially because of the potential for leverage with German financial circles, etc., in the future. 12 Following the war, Casey entered a career on Wall Street before becoming a director of the CIA under Reagan.

In 1946, Dulless men simply changed their OSS uniforms and became the War Department Strategic Service Unit. Sometimes they were War Department Detachment and others the Document Disposal Unit. In effect, there were two factions left over of the OSS. One a liberal faction took orders from the President and the other under the control of Dulles. The latter faction was hoping for a conservative victory by Dewey so they could unleash their migr army against the Soviets. Dulles had a secret ally in Region IV around Munich, where the Counter Intelligence Corp (CIC) was helping to recruit ex-Nazis.14


BTW: This is the basis for intelligence agency self-financing that became the norm. The French added a modification by using the revenues from IndoChina drug trafficking to fund operations in Vietnam, networks that were later taken over by the CIA. Also, ONI and OSS made a compact with the Italian and Corsican mobs as early as 1944, as well as making deals with the American Mafia to reduce waterfront sabotage operations. This was the basis for the CIA partnership with Lansky, Lucianno, Genovese and Trafficante families - a must-read on the subject, McCoy's The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia, available in its entirety at http://www.drugtext.org/library/books/McCoy/default.htm .

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  -Smedley Butler Stopped American Fascist Conspiracy to Overthrow FDR Octafish  Jul-25-09 05:37 PM   #0 
  - Smedley Butler was one of America's greatest patriots  MrScorpio   Jul-25-09 05:39 PM   #1 
  - That's why the Wall Street fascists chose him.  Octafish   Jul-25-09 05:58 PM   #6 
     - Wow, why am I not surprised that Al Smith and John Raskob were involved?  Odin2005   Jul-25-09 08:13 PM   #24 
     - Wasn't Prescott Bush also among them?  bobbolink   Jul-25-09 08:51 PM   #31 
     - Prescott Bush, Goodyear Tire, Heinz, DuPont, Birds' Eye, Maxwell House...  troubledamerican   Jul-25-09 09:00 PM   #34 
     - Prescott was central to the plot - he was chosen to be the chief liaison with Hitler's Germany  leveymg   Jul-26-09 07:29 AM   #53 
        - There's another side to this story - how Allen Dulles and friends moved Nazi gold out of Europe  leveymg   Jul-26-09 07:50 AM   #55 
        - Dr. Mengele financed operations with illegal drugs from his South American redoubt  Octafish   Jul-26-09 10:12 AM   #63 
           - I think you and Leveymg should collaborate on a book  bear425   Jul-26-09 11:45 AM   #70 
           - And an honor and pleasure  leveymg   Jul-26-09 12:34 PM   #77 
        - Had dinner last year w Edwin Black, author of "IBM and the Holocaust"  mod mom   Jul-26-09 10:07 AM   #61 
           - They've been trying ever since to control America's economy through deregulation of their activities  bjobotts   Jul-26-09 02:08 PM   #84 
           - Using an army of lobbyists rather than marines and dollars rather than guns to make a fascist corpo  bjobotts   Jul-26-09 02:09 PM   #85 
           - Wow! What was Mr. Black like?  Octafish   Jul-27-09 07:02 PM   #103 
     - Yep. nt  anonymous171   Jul-26-09 01:44 AM   #46 
  - K&R (note: Seize not Sieze) nt  valerief   Jul-25-09 05:41 PM   #2 
  - My bad! LOL! It's from the original source...  Octafish   Jul-25-09 06:01 PM   #7 
  - Not much of a warrior, tho.....  Bigmack   Jul-25-09 05:43 PM   #3 
  - Deleted message  Name removed   Jul-25-09 06:08 PM   #8 
  - most of those awards were for killing brown folks  Thothmes   Jul-25-09 06:24 PM   #12 
  - That why he wrote... War is a Racket....  Bigmack   Jul-25-09 08:25 PM   #26 
  - He was actually nominated for the medal of honor three times!  cascadiance   Jul-26-09 02:04 AM   #49 
  - K&R  redqueen   Jul-25-09 05:52 PM   #4 
  - Gen. Butler was a real maverick.  Octafish   Jul-25-09 06:14 PM   #9 
     - A true Hero, indeed.  redqueen   Jul-25-09 06:37 PM   #13 
     - Wait, they fired him because he insulted Benito fucking Mussolini?  anonymous171   Jul-26-09 01:46 AM   #47 
  - The real heroes rarely make it into the history books. Thank you for your service Octafish  glitch   Jul-25-09 05:57 PM   #5 
  - You're welcome, glitch. The Nuevo Reich wants to bury the lessons of the past...  Octafish   Jul-25-09 06:20 PM   #11 
  - I am reminded of a quote:  Odin2005   Jul-25-09 08:19 PM   #25 
  - A man who is entirely, unforgivably too obscure  Posteritatis   Jul-25-09 06:18 PM   #10 
  - What would the students say when they learned about Butler?  Octafish   Jul-25-09 07:32 PM   #18 
  - Well, they were freshman classes, so the bar was set with a shovel  Posteritatis   Jul-25-09 08:26 PM   #27 
  - I have political science professors who have not heard of Smedley Butler.  OnyxCollie   Jul-25-09 11:29 PM   #40 
  - college history and Butler  blackbird13   Jul-27-09 08:49 AM   #96 
  - K&R....and don't forget the involvement of George W Bush's grandfather...  AntiFascist   Jul-25-09 07:12 PM   #14 
  - Watch this BBC documentary on Prescott Bush's involvement in this...  cascadiance   Jul-25-09 07:22 PM   #16 
  - Prescott Bush also helped bring Nixon into power...  AntiFascist   Jul-25-09 07:36 PM   #20 
  - J Edgar Hoover ''watched'' over Butler.  Octafish   Jul-25-09 07:55 PM   #22 
  - This explains much about the earliest connections between...  AntiFascist   Jul-25-09 08:31 PM   #28 
  - Thanks! I knew Prescott Bush was in there somewhere.....  bobbolink   Jul-25-09 08:55 PM   #32 
  - K&R  Uzybone   Jul-25-09 07:14 PM   #15 
  - As Thom Hartmann would note this is a symptom of our textbooks being censored by Texas school system  cascadiance   Jul-25-09 07:36 PM   #19 
  - some of my older family would note that Texas Republicans  Bluenorthwest   Jul-26-09 07:41 AM   #54 
  - Reminds me of when Republicans complain about "rewriting history."  Beartracks   Jul-26-09 12:58 AM   #44 
  - K&R  conscious evolution   Jul-25-09 07:28 PM   #17 
  - "War is a Racket" is required reading.  Naturyl   Jul-25-09 07:40 PM   #21 
  - That's something they will never teach you in history class  Odin2005   Jul-25-09 08:10 PM   #23 
  - Thank you for all you do to shine a light on scrubbed history.  bleever   Jul-25-09 08:45 PM   #29 
  - The Plot To Overthrow FDR -- dvd  bobbolink   Jul-25-09 08:49 PM   #30 
  - Butler rocks  ellie   Jul-25-09 08:57 PM   #33 
  - K&R. JFK could have done with a few Butlers on his Secrete Service detail! n/t  ControlledDemolition   Jul-25-09 09:17 PM   #35 
  - Oh yeah.  Octafish   Jul-27-09 07:08 PM   #104 
  - K&R. nt  OnyxCollie   Jul-25-09 09:17 PM   #36 
  - I wonder who our next Smedley Butler is going to be?  santamargarita   Jul-25-09 09:32 PM   #37 
  - Perhaps they were afraid Pat Tillman would have been one...  cascadiance   Jul-25-09 09:45 PM   #39 
  - He or she knows they are being watched.  Octafish   Jul-26-09 09:55 AM   #60 
  - If they'd succeeded, I wonder who's side we would've been on in WW2?  Marr   Jul-25-09 09:36 PM   #38 
  - And what if Al Smith had become president instead of FDR?  Jim Sagle   Jul-26-09 03:11 PM   #86 
  - My grandparents knew Smedley Butler.  begin_within   Jul-25-09 11:36 PM   #41 
  - Don't ever throw out the letters whether or not there are any between your parents and Butler.  peacetalksforall   Jul-26-09 09:48 AM   #57 
     - You're so right. My stepmother threw out a lot of my stuff,  begin_within   Jul-26-09 11:16 AM   #69 
  - Rest in peace wherever you are Smedley Butler  sasquatch   Jul-26-09 12:19 AM   #42 
  - Great report Octafish  MagickMuffin   Jul-26-09 12:27 AM   #43 
  - Smedley Butler, Meet John Perkins  Octafish   Jul-27-09 07:24 PM   #106 
  - K&R nt  Mithreal   Jul-26-09 01:38 AM   #45 
  - Fucking republicans are preaching the same exact socialism bullshit about Public Option health care.  LaPera   Jul-26-09 01:55 AM   #48 
  - I'm glad you pointed this out,  Greyhound   Jul-26-09 02:31 AM   #50 
  - Thanks for reminding me, Greyhound...  Octafish   Jul-26-09 09:50 AM   #59 
  - To answer your question, NO.  bobbolink   Jul-26-09 06:17 PM   #91 
  - Perfect n/t k*r  autorank   Jul-26-09 03:37 AM   #51 
  - I always amazes me that people think the US treats it soldiers and vetrans well.  geckosfeet   Jul-26-09 07:28 AM   #52 
  - Interesting aside, there. (nt)  redqueen   Jul-26-09 09:39 AM   #56 
  - I'm curious. How has the History Chanel covered Butler. Honestly, sufficiently, barely?  peacetalksforall   Jul-26-09 09:49 AM   #58 
  - Barely, AFAIK.  onager   Jul-26-09 10:51 AM   #65 
  - Thanks for the background, the lead to the miniseries, and the autobio.  peacetalksforall   Jul-26-09 11:45 AM   #71 
  - Side proposal or request. Since you have taught and since you have been in Egypt  peacetalksforall   Jul-26-09 01:00 PM   #79 
     - I don't really know much about the education nowadays.  onager   Jul-26-09 01:25 PM   #80 
  - I would say barely at best  Libertas1776   Jul-26-09 05:34 PM   #89 
  - Please watch THE PLOT TO OVERTHROW FDR  bobbolink   Jul-26-09 06:21 PM   #94 
  - As I wrote upthread.... DVD--THE PLOT TO OVERTHROW FDR  bobbolink   Jul-26-09 06:20 PM   #93 
  - This would make a great movie!  rucky   Jul-26-09 10:09 AM   #62 
  - It has been made into a (TV) movie.  onager   Jul-26-09 10:52 AM   #66 
  - Butler a credit. North a disgrace to the marines. Which one got famous?  RedCloud   Jul-26-09 10:14 AM   #64 
  - The conspirators, INCLUDING PRESCOTT BUSH, should have been executed.  kestrel91316   Jul-26-09 10:55 AM   #67 
  - And perhaps by doing so spared us of the mess we had for the last 8 years to boot!  cascadiance   Jul-26-09 06:13 PM   #90 
  - Congress buried the whole thing, nobody was even prosecuted.  Greyhound   Jul-27-09 12:48 PM   #100 
  - Hello, Octafish!  XanaDUer   Jul-26-09 11:12 AM   #68 
  - Good story, good message  govegan   Jul-26-09 12:04 PM   #72 
  - not so unusual, FDR himself considered a dictatorship  Hamlette   Jul-26-09 12:12 PM   #73 
  - Dr. my eyes  HiyaEmerald Eyes   Jul-26-09 12:15 PM   #74 
  - Many thanks, Octafish, for posting this. We can get the word out even if the textbooks  bertman   Jul-26-09 12:17 PM   #75 
  - You're welcome, bertman. Credit goes to DU and all good DUers who give a damn about Democracy.  Octafish   Jul-27-09 07:17 PM   #105 
  - Thanks for keeping this story alive. The BBC program is a must see for all DU'ers.  David Zephyr   Jul-26-09 12:33 PM   #76 
  - We should lobby Free Speech TV or Link TV to carry it...  cascadiance   Jul-26-09 06:19 PM   #92 
  - ...temporarily. nt  tomp   Jul-26-09 12:38 PM   #78 
  - K & R  swilton   Jul-26-09 01:31 PM   #81 
  - This has got to be worth bookmarking....  lyonn   Jul-26-09 01:49 PM   #82 
  - I learned about it in a goddamned *game* book.  Orsino   Jul-26-09 01:56 PM   #83 
  - K&R good one...exposes/reminds us of Mil indust complex  opihimoimoi   Jul-26-09 03:18 PM   #87 
  - the greatest heroes of American (and probably everybody else's) history are ignored or erased by  yurbud   Jul-26-09 05:30 PM   #88 
  - Here is the 43-minute video!  bobbolink   Jul-26-09 06:31 PM   #95 
  - It's amazing how so many today mock the notion of such elements diligently at work behind the scenes  Echo In Light   Jul-27-09 08:53 AM   #97 
  - General Smedley Butler would have made a great DU member  formercia   Jul-27-09 09:00 AM   #98 
  - bttt!  Karenina   Jul-27-09 12:03 PM   #99 
  - so, they make this academy award movie about Patton  newspeak   Jul-27-09 02:07 PM   #101 
     - A crying shame, it is. (nt)  redqueen   Jul-27-09 05:48 PM   #102 
 

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