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Reply #174: Racial classifications [View All]

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Brewman_Jax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Jun-18-09 11:56 AM
Response to Reply #123
174. Racial classifications
These were important as being white had both visual and legal definitions. The legal definitions varied by state, generally the range was one-quarter black to one-sixteenth black, until the passing of the "one-drop" laws in the early 20th Century. They all came from the same reasoning--to determine who was who in the racial caste system. They were:

Mulatto--A person who is one-half Negro, one-half White. The child of one White parent and one Negro parent. From the Spanish and Portuguese word mulato meaning young mule. The mule is of course, one half horse and one half donkey, a hybrid. In Brazil, the term Cafuzo is used to describe a half Indian, half Negro person. Other terms: Half-and-Half or Griff, Griffe, Griffane, Griffin (used in Louisiana.)


Half Breed, Half Blood, Half Blooded--The child of an Indian and a White parent. May be applied to people who are part Black.


Quadroon--A person who is one-quarter Negro, three-quarters White. The child of one White parent and a mulatto. From the Latin quartus;>Spanish cuarto meaning fourth.

Octoroon--A person who is one-eighth Negro, seven-eighths White. The child of one White parent and a quadroon. From the Latin word octo meaning eight.


Sambo or Zambo--A person who is three-quarters Negro, one-quarter White. The child of a mulatto and a Negro; also, the child of an Indian and a Negro. Other terms: Sacatra




http://www.stetsonkennedy.com/jim_crow_guide/chapter4.h...
http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR...
http://faculty.berea.edu/browners/chesnutt/classroom/mi...
http://www.usgennet.org/family/smoot/terms.html
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