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Reply #167: COAHR and "An Appeal for Human Rights" full-page ad [View All]

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Brewman_Jax Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Mon Mar-09-09 01:06 PM
Response to Original message
167. COAHR and "An Appeal for Human Rights" full-page ad
Committee on Appeal for Human Rights (COAHR) took out a full-page advertisement on March 9, 1960 in various Atlanta newspapers, including the Atlanta Constitution. It listed racial inequalities in education, employment, housing, and other social categories. It was a thrown gauntlet to both the white-based social structure and the "old guard" black community leadership that insisted on slow change through negotiation and litigation. The appeal was the prelude to a series of sit-ins that would begin later that month and continue through most of the year.


AN APPEAL FOR HUMAN RIGHTS

We, the students of the six affiliated institutions forming the Atlanta University Center Clark, Morehouse, Morris Brown, and Spelman Colleges, Atlanta University, and the Interdenominational Theological Center have joined our hearts, minds, and bodies in the cause of gaining those rights which are inherently ours as of the human race and as citizens these United States.

We pledge our unqualified support to those students in this nation who have recently been engaged in the significant movement to secure certain long-awaited rights and privileges. This protest, like the bus boycott in Montgomery, has shocked many people throughout the world. Why. Because they had not quite realized the unanimity of spirit and purpose which motivates the thinking and action of the great majority of the Negro people. The students who instigate and participate in these sit-down protests are dissatisfied, not only with the existing conditions, but with the snail-like speed at which they are being ameliorated. Every normal being wants to walk the earth with dignity and abhors any and all proscriptions placed upon him because of race or color. In essence, this is the meaning of the sit-down protests that are sweeping this nation today.

We do not intend to wait placidly for those which are already legally and morally ours to be meted out to us at a time. Today's youth will not sit by submissively, while being denied all of the rights, privileges, and joys of life. We want to state clearly and unequivocally that we cannot tolerate in a nation professing democracy and among people professing democracy, and among people professing Christianity, the discriminatory conditions under which the Negro is living today in Atlanta Georgia supposedly one the most progressive cities in the South.

Among the inequalities and injustices in Atlanta and in Georgia against which we protest, the following are outstanding examples:

(1) EDUCATION

In the Public School System, facilities for Negroes and whites are separate and unequal, Double sessions continue in about half of the Negro Public Schools, and many Negro children travel ten miles a day in order to reach a school that will admit them.

On the University level, the state will pay a Negro to attend a school out of state rather than admit him to the University of Georgia, Georgia Tech, the Georgia Medical School, and other tax-supported public institutions.

According to a recent publication, in the fiscal year 1958 a total of $31,632,057.18 was spent in the State institutions of higher education for white only. In the Negro State Colleges only $2,001,177.06 was spent.

The publicly supported institutions of higher education are inter-racial now, except that they deny admission to Negro Americans.

(2) JOBS:

Negroes are denied employment in the majority of city, state, and federal governmental jobs, except in the most menial capacities.

(3) HOUSING:

While Negroes constitute 32% of the population of Atlanta, they are forced to live within 16% of the area the city.

Statistics also show that the bulk of the Negro population is still:

a. locked into the more undesirable and overcrowded areas of the city;

b. paying a proportionally higher percentage of income for rental and purchase of generally lower quality property;

c. blocked by political and direct or indirect restrictions in its efforts to secure better housing.

(4) VOTING:

Contrary to statements made in Congress by several Southern Senators, we know that in many counties in Georgia and other southern states, Negro college graduates are declared unqualified to vote and are not to register,

(5) HOSPITALS:

Compared with facilities for other people in Atlanta and Georgia, those for Negroes are unequal and totally inadequate.

Reports show that Atlanta's 14 general hospitals and 9 related institutions provide some 4,000 beds. Except for some 430 beds at Grady Hospital, Negroes are limited to the 250 beds in three private Negro hospitals. Some of the hospitals barring Negroes were built with federal funds.

(6) MOVIES, CONCERTS, RESTAURANTS:

Negroes are barred from most movies and segregated in the rest.

Negroes must even sit in a segregated section of the Municipal Auditorium.

If a Negro is hungry, his hunger must wait until he comes to a "colored" restaurant, and even his thirst must await its quenching at a "colored" water fountain.

(7) LAW ENFORCEMENT:

There are grave inequalities in the area of law enforcement. Too often, Negroes are maltreated by officers of the law. An insufficient number of Negroes is employed in the law-enforcing agencies. They are seldom, if ever promoted. Of 830 policemen in Atlanta only 35 are Negroes.

We have briefly mentioned only a few situations in which we are discriminated against. We have understated rather than overstated the problems. These social evils are seriously plaguing Georgia, the South, the nation, and the world.

WE HOLD THAT:

(1) The practice of racial is not in keeping with the ideals of Democracy and Christianity.

(2) Racial segregation is robbing not only the segregated but the segregator of his human dignity. Furthermore, the propagation racial prejudice is unfair to the generations yet unborn.

(3) In times of war, the Negro has fought and died for his country; yet he still has not been accorded first-class citizenship.

(4) In spite of the fact that the Negro pays his share of taxes, he does not enjoy participation in city, county and state government at the level where laws are enacted.

(5) The social, economic, and political progress of Georgia is retarded by segregation and prejudices.

(6) America is fast losing the respect of other nations by the poor example which she sets the area of race relations.

It is unfortunate that Negro is being forced to fight, in any way, for what is due him and is freely accorded other Americans, It is unfortunate that even today some people should hold to the erroneous idea of racial despite the fact that the world is fast moving toward an integrated humanity.

The time has come for the people of Atlanta and Georgia to take a good look at what is really happening in this country, and to stop believing those who tell us that everything is fine and equal, and that the Negro is happy satisfied.

It is to be regretted that there are those who still refuse to recognize the over-riding supremacy of the Federal Law.

Our churches which are ordained by God and claim to be the houses of all people, foster segregation of the races to the point of making Sunday the most segregated day of the week.

We, the students of the Atlanta University Center, are driven by past and present events to assert our feelings to the citizens of Atlanta and to the world.

We, therefore, call upon all people in authority State, County, and City officials; all leaders in civic life ministers, teachers, and business men; and all people of good will to assort themselves and abolish these injustices. We must say in all candor that we plan to use every legal and non-violent means at our disposal to secure full citizenship rights as members of this great Democracy of ours.

WILLIE MAYS
President of Council For the Students of Atlanta University

JAMES FELDER
President of Student Government Association For the Students of Clark College

MARION D. BENNETT
President of Student Association For the Students of Interdenominational Theological Center

DON CLARKE
President of Student Body For the Students of Morehouse College

MARY ANN SMITH
Secretary of Student Government Association For the Students of Morris Brown College

ROSLYN POPE
President of Student Government Association For the Students of Spelman College



More information are at the listed links.

http://marbl.library.emory.edu/DigProjects/swh/images/C... (the original text)
http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/wabe/news.newsmain?ac... ionID=1
http://www.crmvet.org/docs/aa4hr.htm
http://www.crmvet.org/tim/timhis60.htm#1960atlanta
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  - One thing that escapes notice  Brewman_Jax   Jan-21-10 09:12 AM   #206 
  - L. Douglas Wilder (1931- ), 1st black state governor  Lurking_Argyle   Jul-08-08 01:50 PM   #140 
  - Will Robinson (1911-2008)  Lurking_Argyle   Jul-18-08 12:32 PM   #141 
  - Jackie Ormes (1911-1985), 1st black woman cartoonist  Lurking_Argyle   Aug-04-08 01:58 PM   #144 
  - List of black Academy Award (Oscar) winners  Lurking_Argyle   Aug-11-08 10:04 AM   #146 
  - Stephanie Tubbs-Jones (1949-2008)  Lurking_Argyle   Aug-21-08 07:56 AM   #148 
  - List of famous black Americans  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-11-08 03:22 PM   #149 
  - Donyale Luna (1945-1979), first black supermodel  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-12-08 08:44 AM   #150 
  - Ernie Davis (1939-1963), first black Heisman Trophy winner  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-15-08 09:54 AM   #151 
  - Service academy firsts  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-16-08 08:32 AM   #152 
  - Black voter disenfranchisement  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-17-08 12:11 PM   #153 
  - Landmark Supreme Court Decisions  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-17-08 12:19 PM   #154 
  - The combined court cases  Brewman_Jax   Mar-26-10 11:05 AM   #217 
  - A Short History of Haiti  Lurking_Argyle   Sep-23-08 02:40 PM   #155 
  - Neil deGrasse Tyson, Ph.D (1958- )  Lurking_Argyle   Oct-01-08 12:12 PM   #156 
  - Black Women of the Old West  Chovexani   Oct-04-08 09:05 AM   #157 
  - Thanks.  NOLALady   Oct-04-08 11:45 AM   #158 
  - Reverend John and Jean Rankin, Abolitionists  Lurking_Argyle   Nov-03-08 09:48 AM   #160 
  - "the real McCoy"  Two Americas   Nov-07-08 01:39 PM   #161 
  - This one sure will!  cat_girl25   Nov-07-08 02:20 PM   #162 
  - Racist HOA covenants and the SCOTUS case Shelley vs. Kraemer (1948)  Lurking_Argyle   Dec-09-08 07:54 AM   #163 
  - The Niagara Movement and the beginning of the NAACP  Lurking_Argyle   Jan-06-09 01:05 PM   #164 
  - The 1895 Atlanta Compromise speech  Lurking_Argyle   Jan-06-09 01:11 PM   #165 
  - Racism, the Interstate Highway System, and Urban Renewal  Lurking_Argyle   Jan-23-09 03:06 PM   #166 
  - COAHR and "An Appeal for Human Rights" full-page ad  Brewman_Jax   Mar-09-09 01:06 PM   #167 
  - Claudette Colvin  Brewman_Jax   Mar-16-09 12:57 PM   #168 
  - I think I remember hearing about her  Raineyb   Mar-16-09 01:40 PM   #169 
  - recent history I'm surprised many Americans still don't know:  Blue_Tires   May-12-09 07:33 AM   #170 
  - Nice  Number23   May-12-09 11:47 AM   #171 
  - The Venerable Pierre Toussaint (1766 1853) ..  Princess Turandot   Jun-21-09 06:35 AM   #175 
  - Beautiful. Thanks, Princess  Number23   Jul-08-09 05:01 PM   #179 
  - Funded by slavery  Brewman_Jax   Jul-08-09 10:22 AM   #177 
  - Holy crap.  Number23   Jul-08-09 04:59 PM   #178 
  - I see Ivy Leagues, are present...  bliss_eternal   Jul-23-09 02:21 AM   #188 
  - Corporate collusion  Brewman_Jax   Jul-27-10 02:05 PM   #221 
  - Emory University in Atlanta issues its declaration of regret for slavery involvement  Brewman_Jax   Feb-02-11 08:12 AM   #232 
  - Good thread.  BlooInBloo   Jul-09-09 12:16 AM   #180 
  - Black Indians and Black Cowboys in the Old West  Liberation Angel   Jul-23-09 12:20 AM   #185 
  - Africans in the New World Before Columbus (Malian sailors in 1300's)  Liberation Angel   Jul-23-09 12:23 AM   #186 
  - Eugene Bullard. WWI Flying and fighter ace pilot  Liberation Angel   Jul-23-09 12:24 AM   #187 
  - Great stuff, L_A! Thanks for posting.  Number23   Jul-23-09 03:48 AM   #189 
     - Y'welcome!  Liberation Angel   Jul-23-09 09:55 AM   #190 
  - Black GI's Liberated Nazi death Camps during Holocaust and died in Nazi death camps too  Liberation Angel   Jul-23-09 08:18 PM   #191 
  - bttt.  Karenina   Aug-03-09 02:44 PM   #192 
  - Blue_Tires article on the Buffalo Soldiers would be a good fit here  Number23   Aug-18-09 04:45 PM   #193 
  - Prince Hall, a "founding father of America" and the first Black American Citizens  cato287   Sep-19-09 10:29 AM   #194 
  - The Red Summer Riots  Brewman_Jax   Oct-15-09 10:25 AM   #195 
  - Shirley Franklin (1945- ), Mayor of Atlanta  Brewman_Jax   Jan-02-10 09:56 AM   #196 
  - Brew, thank you for keeping this thread open and for contributing (and allowing others to as well).  Number23   Jan-02-10 04:34 PM   #197 
  - Wyoming's "Black 14" and the mormon church's policies on race  fishwax   Jan-07-10 09:34 PM   #198 
  - Story: The other night our sat teevee was down  EFerrari   Jan-10-10 02:37 PM   #199 
  - "She's 77 and was a radical Latina back in the day."  Number23   Jan-10-10 05:44 PM   #202 
     - Why, thank you very much.  EFerrari   Jan-10-10 10:00 PM   #205 
  - Wow  TheBigotBasher   Jan-10-10 04:07 PM   #200 
  - I'm glad you're here. And your participation is welcome in this forum  Number23   Jan-10-10 05:37 PM   #201 
     - I'm looking forward to.  TheBigotBasher   Jan-10-10 05:56 PM   #203 
  - Percy E. Sutton (1920-2009)  Number23   Jan-10-10 05:58 PM   #204 
  - Desegregation of the US Military  Brewman_Jax   Feb-04-10 08:52 AM   #207 
  - When my Mom first told me  NOLALady   Feb-04-10 01:16 PM   #208 
  - Amelia Boynton Robinson first African American woman from Alabama to run for Congress  Blue_Tires   Feb-04-10 01:34 PM   #209 
  - Garvey and Griggs  RoyGBiv   Feb-06-10 11:07 PM   #211 
  - Feb. 2010 - Greensboro, NC sit-ins turn 50  Number23   Feb-09-10 03:09 PM   #212 
  - David Levering Lewis - first author to win two Pulitzer Prizes for biography for back-to-back volume  Number23   Feb-09-10 03:12 PM   #213 
  - The Myth of the Negro Past, a monograph by Melville J. Herskovitz (1941)  EFerrari   Feb-10-10 02:29 AM   #214 
  - Black Men Built the Capitol. (BookTv presentation)  EFerrari   Mar-02-10 03:10 AM   #215 
  - Two interviews, MLK and Malcolm, on line at PBS.  EFerrari   Mar-11-10 08:07 PM   #216 
  - The Sweet Trials, 1925 and 1926  Brewman_Jax   May-17-10 08:47 AM   #218 
  - Darrell Wallace makes history as first African-American to win NASCAR Pro Series  Blue_Tires   May-18-10 11:38 PM   #219 
  - Ralph Gilles, President and CEO of Dodge  Blue_Tires   Jun-08-10 09:00 AM   #220 
  - Reverend Vernon Johns (1892-1965)  Brewman_Jax   Oct-14-10 10:31 AM   #222 
  - Hands on the Freedom Plow  EFerrari   Oct-26-10 04:20 PM   #223 
  - Va Tech to honor school's first black graduate  fortyfeetunder   Oct-28-10 11:00 PM   #224 
  - this was no small accomplishment...  bliss_eternal   Nov-05-10 04:48 AM   #225 
  - Juliette Hampton Morgan (1917-1957)  Brewman_Jax   Jan-20-11 10:51 AM   #229 
  - Black-American winners of the Nobel Prize  Brewman_Jax   Feb-09-11 01:56 PM   #233 
  - The immortal legacy of Henrietta Lacks  Brewman_Jax   Mar-15-11 09:55 AM   #234 
  - Mass deportations of Mexican-Americans in the 1930's  Brewman_Jax   Jun-27-11 11:34 AM   #235 
 

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