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Reply #116: Voter Intimidation 1876 Style [View All]

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NOLALady Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Mon Jan-21-08 05:50 PM
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116. Voter Intimidation 1876 Style
http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=...


The testimony of a dying witness to a Senate investigation.

Eaton Logwood was the brother of a direct ancestor.

The Ouachita Telegraph
Friday, November 3, 1876
Page 1, Column 4
THE KILLING OF PRIMUS JOHNSON AND WOUNDING OF EATON LOGWOOD.
Official Report of an Army Officer.
The following report, forwarded from this department to the headquarters of
the Military division of the Missouri, is copied from the Chicago Tribune of
the twenty-fourth:

HEADQUARTERS U.S. TROOPS,
Monroe, La., October 12, 1876.
Assistant Adjutant General Headquarters
Department of the Gulf:

I have the honor to report that at or about seven o'clock yesterday morning, the eleventh instant, at their residence on the island eight miles above Monroe, Primus Johnson, a colored preacher, was shot and instantly killed, and Eaton Logwood, also colored, shot and very dangerously wounded, by two disguised white mn. At the time of the shooting Johnson was standing on the gallery of his house, holding his infant girl in his arms. Eaton Logwood was employed in front of the house (the two men, Johnson and
Logwood, being joint occupants of the house) in loading seed cotton on his wagon for the purpose of hauling it to a neighbor's gin.

The two disguised and armed white men appeared from behind the bank
of a bayou near the road, and advanced to a picket fence in front of, and about
fifteen yards distant from the house. Resting their guns across the fence,
one of them addressed Logwood, saying: "Eaton, old fellow, is that you? God
damn you, I've got you now!" aiming his gun while saying so. Logwood
attempted to escape by running, but was shot by the disguised man referred
to, as he (Logwood) was about to run around the corner of the house, a full
load of buckshot entering his back, neck and shoulders, inflicting very
dangerous wounds. At about the same time, or an instant later, Primus
Johnson, standing on his gallery, and still holding his child in his arms,
was shot by the other disguised white man, and died in a few moments. The
two disguised whites, after saying that if they had not fixed it all right
hey would return and finish it, walked slowly along the road, crossed into a
field, went down to the bayou and crossed on a log, after which all trace of
them was lost. A number of wagons loaded with cotton passed the house a
short time before, and just after the shooting. Those passing just before
the murder was committed were stopped by three armed and mounted white men
at Shovan bridge, which is some distance beyond Logwood's house, toward
Monroe. The armed men thus picketing the road interrogated the driver of
the wagons, asking whose were the teams, an on being informed that they
belonged to Mr. Tidwell and Mr. Swan, two white planters on the Island,
permitted them to pass. Two physicians living on the Island, when sent for,
refused to visit Logwood.

The brother of Logwood then started to Monroe for one, and while on
the way was stopped by two mounted white men and questioned as to his business, and
his person searched for arms and papers, and when he told them he was going
for a doctor they asked him whether it was for Eaton Logwood, and told him
if it was he could not go. He succeeded in getting away from them and
reached town, but none of the physicians there could be induced to go out.
Logwood had also sent a message to Mr. John H. Dinkgrave, Deputy United
States Marshal and attorney-at-law, that he wished to see him as to matters
pertaining to his property, but Dinkgrave, considering the mission too
dangerous, declined going. These fats were communicated to me at about two
o'clock in the afternoon.

After consultation with Mr. Hardy, the District Attorney, who
considered it important to obtain Logwood's dying declaration (he was then thought to be
mortally wounded,) I deemed it necessary to take such steps as would enable
him to do so in safety, and at 8 P.M., I sent a detachment of eight men,
under command of Lieutenant McCawley, thirtieth Infantry, accompanied by the
District Attorney, to Logwood's house, transporting them in the government
wagon belonging to the post. They reached Logwood's about 10 P.M., and
found a large crowd of colored people there, all of them completely cowed
and subjugated, and in constant apprehension of the return of the murderers
to carry out the threats made in the morning. Logwood in formed the
District Attorney that he had no hope of living, and had no other
expectation than that of dying, and made what he pronounced to be his dying
declaration, which was duly subscribed by him, sworn to and witnessed. The
facts as herein given are taken from that declaration and from the testimony
of the two women, the wives of Logwood and Johnson, both of whom were
present and witnessed the shooting. Lieutenant McCawley returned to this
place with his detachment about three o'clock this morning. Believing there
was danger of a renewal of the attack upon Logwood, and acting under
instructions from me, Lieuenant McCawley left a guard at Logwood's house,
consisting of a corporal and three selected men from his company, (Company
I, Thirteenth Infantry,) with instructions to protect Logwood, his house and
occupants at all hazards, and to allow no one to enter the house or on the
premises ecept those having permission from Logwood, his wife, or the widow
of Primus Johnson. This guard is still at Logwood's house, and I caused
rations for three days, blankets and other necessaries to be sent up this
morning. It is now thought possible that Logwood may recover.

more
http://ftp.rootsweb.com/pub/usgenweb/la/afriamer/newspa...
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