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Reply #7: Circumcision May Reduce Incidence of HIV, HSV-2, HPV Infection [View All]

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denem Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Thu Mar-26-09 03:48 PM
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7. Circumcision May Reduce Incidence of HIV, HSV-2, HPV Infection
Edited on Thu Mar-26-09 02:49 PM by denem
Source: Medscape

March 25, 2009 Male circumcision significantly reduced the incidence of HIV and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection and the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, suggesting potential public health benefits, according to the results of a randomized controlled trial reported in the March 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

"Male circumcision significantly reduced the incidence of...HIV infection among men in three clinical trials," write Aaron A.R. Tobian, MD, PhD, from Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland, and colleagues. "We assessed the efficacy of male circumcision for the prevention of...HSV-2 and...HPV infections and syphilis in HIV-negative adolescent boys and men."

Two trials of male circumcision to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections in a rural Ugandan population enrolled a total of 5534 HIV-negative, uncircumcised male subjects aged 15 to 49 years. Of 3393 subjects (61.3%) who were HSV-2 seronegative at enrollment, 1684 had been randomly assigned to undergo immediate circumcision (intervention group) and 1709 to undergo circumcision after 24 months (control group). Subjects were tested for HSV-2 and HIV infection and syphilis and underwent physical examinations and interviews at baseline and at 6, 12, and 24 months. A subgroup of subjects was also evaluated for HPV infection at baseline and at 24 months.

Read more: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/590188



The incidence of infection for HIV, HSV-2 and HPV was 'cut' by about a third in the circumcised males, or put another way, uncircumcised males are 50% more likely (as a population) to carry these STDs.
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