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Home » Discuss » Places » Maine Donate to DU
luckyleftyme2 Donating Member (1000+ posts) Send PM | Profile | Ignore Fri Mar-23-12 09:57 AM
Response to Original message
1. here is a little info
With the Great Depression, more and more people could not afford medical services. In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Isidore Falk and Edgar Sydenstricter to help draft provisions to Roosevelt's pending Social Security legislation to include publicly funded health care programs. These reforms were attacked by the American Medical Association as well as state and local affiliates of the AMA as "compulsory health insurance." Roosevelt ended up removing the health care provisions from the bill in 1935. Fear of organized medicine's opposition to universal health care became standard for decades after the 1930s.<10>

During this time, individual hospitals began offering their own insurance programs, the first of which became Blue Cross.<11> Groups of hospitals as well as physician groups (i.e. Blue Shield) soon began selling group health insurance policies to employers, who then offered them to their employees and collected premiums. In the 1940s Congress passed legislation that supported the new third-party insurers. During World War II, Henry Kaiser used an arrangement in which doctors by passed tradition fee-for-care and were contracted to meet all the medical needs for his employees on construction projects up and down the West coast.<12> After the war ended, he opened the plan up to the public as a non-profit organization under the name Kaiser Permanente.

Following the second world war, President Harry Truman called for universal health care as a part of his Fair Deal in 1949 but strong opposition stopped that part of the Fair Deal.<13><14> However, in 1946 the National Mental Health Act was passed, as was the Hospital Survey and Construction Act, or Hill-Burton Act. In 1951 the IRS declared group premiums paid by employers as a tax-deductible business expense,<6> which solidified the third-party insurance companies' place as primary providers of access to health care in the United States.

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