5. Here's another map from Tax Foundation. I've enumerated the top 22 and commented on their "redness"
20 of the 22 states with the highest proportion of non-federal-income-tax-payers are Repub states
Non-federal-income-tax-payers are also known as the "47 percenters", after Romney's infamous answer to wealthy donors about the 47% who paid no taxes (actually, Mitt, who paid no federal INCOME taxes -- they pay a whole bunch of other taxes).
#1 thru #10 - see red-colored states on map
In the below, "Repub" means Republican-voting in the 2004 presidential election (Bush v. Kerry), and "Dem" means Democratic-voting in that election. I wanted to use "red" and "blue" terminology, but that conflicts with the colors on the map.
#11 thru #15: Tennessee, N. Carolina, Utah, Arizona, Kentucky
All Repub states, generally speaking. Utah #13. Idaho #10, LOL - the only top-ten state in the geographic north -- I used to live there.
#16 - California (sigh, that's Dem.), #17-Oklahoma, #18-Montana, #19-Indiana #20-Michigan (Dem), #21-Missouri #22-W.Virginia #23-New York (Dem)
Anyway, of the top 22, only California (#16) and Michigan (#20) are Dem states based on the 2004 presidential election. (And likewise in the 2000 presidential election except that New Mexico (#4) was Dem in 2000 and Repub in 2004).
(In 2008, of the top 22, Florida, North Carolina, Indiana, New Mexico went "Dem", i.e. for Obama, while California and Michigan stayed Dem for a total of 6 Dem states by this definition)
(In 2012, red and blue states were the same as 2008 except that North Carolina and Indiana went "red" ... so the list is:
In 2012, of the top 22, Florida and New Mexico went "Dem", i.e. for Obama, while California and Michigan stayed Dem for a total of 4 Dem states by this definition)