9. Just to be accurate, the Cadets & Midshipmen at West Point, Annapolis & Air Force Academy are in the
regular force military serving on active duty and subject to the UCMJ. They are not civilian students like ROTC but Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen.
The President signed legislation that exempts the uniformed military from shutdown. Of course, he still is paid and the 27th Amendment prohibits varying congressional pay without an intervening election. And the Constitution specifically prohibits reducing federal judiciary pay during their (lifetime) term in office.
Perhaps a good old constitutional convention is what we need - but that is a minefield with all sorts of likely outcomes unintended by many.