3. There is movement toward a resolution. As to whether it includes Assad, personally, I doubt it.
The bigger problem is what is to be done about the opposition? It's going to be Hell itself to just sort out al-Qaeda from the plain, old crazed Jihadists and Salafists who want to finish their war by exterminating the Alawite, while somehow assisting the armed Sunni militias who might not have genocide as their #1 objective. What about the Kurds, but the Turks won't like that, at all. I can see internicide fighting for many, many long years to come, and lots and lots of blowback for teh suckers who got sucked into this. For that, we can single out Hillary Clinton and David Petraeus and the rest of the neocon/humanitarian regime change crew in DC for special commendation.
Good fracking luck, especially since the AQ and Jihadi sponsors in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States pretty much do whatever the frack they please and have never feared any accountability for their own secret war on the west, even after 9/11, and by the day get wealthier and more untouchable while we, well we're not getting anything except handed the three trillion Dollar bill for our part in all this mayhem and destruction across the region during the past decade.
Bashar al-Assad may have the least of the problems.