Response to amandabeech (Reply #13)
Wed Sep 12, 2012, 07:23 PM
Ghost Dog (14,839 posts)
14. Actually, Israel's electoral arrangements appear to be a mess... But it's still winter 2013 so far?
An unprecedented decline in the popularity of Netanyahu and his government occurred in summer 2011 following the 2011 Israeli social justice protests. and mass demonstrations held against the high living costs in Israel, although this decline passed quickly after Netanyahu's speech at the General debate of the sixty-sixth session of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2011 following the Palestinian diplomatic campaign to gain full membership in the United Nations and following the 2011 southern Israel cross-border attacks. In addition, Netanyahu's popularity also increased after the Gilad Shalit prisoner exchange deal was approved and Gilad Shalit was released. These events actually led to the broadest support Netanyahu ever received since the beginning of his term.
Tal Law controversy and 2012 unity government
Prior to the decision to dissolve the Knesset attempts to amend the Tal Law, which allows Haredi to indefinitely defer national service, by Yisrael Beiteinu and Kadima and was struck down by the High Court of Justice. It was also supported by the Independence party, but failed after Shas appealed an expedited process pass through the Ministerial Committee on Legislative Affairs, which meant it would have to be rediscussed and could not pass. The dissolution of parliament would force an automatic extension of the law, due to expire on 1 August, for another six to eight months. Netanyahu said a new law should "make the burden more equal and fair." Yisrael Beiteinu said the dissolution should have been postponed so that its proposed Equal National Service for All bill could be voted upon. Similarly, Kadima's Shaul Mofaz told the "Suckers Camp" (מאהל הפראיירים protesters outside Likud's political convention that this was an "historic opportunity to clean the moral stain that is the Tal Law." He also said that the motion to dissolve the legislature at this state was a "stinky political trick" by Netanyahu, Yacimovich and the Haredi parties. Kadima's chairwoman Dalia Itzik also reiterated calls to have a new law before the election.
On 7 May the Knesset voted on a series of bills in regards to its dissolution and holding the election on 4 September, which passed; however in the early morning of 8 May, a few hours before the Knesset was expected to approve the bill which would bring the 18th Knesset's term to its end, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu reached an agreement with the Kadima leader Shaul Mofaz to join the current government, thus canceling the early election supposed to be held in September.
On 17 July, after the failure of parties to reach a compromise on the issue, Kadima voted to pull out of the coalition. The coalition did, however, still have a majority of seats even without Kadima. However, the reduced coalition was now divided between nationalist groups such as Yisrael Beiteinu and Haredi groups such as Shas, which are on opposite sides of the universal draft issue. This led some commentators to suggest that the coalition's complete breakup was imminent and that new elections would take place by January 2013.
The decision to have an early election was read as influential over the issue of an attack on Iran. A victory for Likud could bolster the case for an armed strike, however it was also risky during an election. It would however be an election issue.
Likud's Netanyahu said that in a new government he would see to have as large and stable a governing coalition as possible in order to "deal with the great challenges that we will face." He also said that his other priority would be to tackle the still high levels of crime. "We know that there has been a reduction of 30% in the incidence of murder, but these cases are brutal and underline our acknowledged need to battle these occurrences full force." He said that Internal Security Minister Yitzhak Aharonovitch and Police Commissioner Yohanan Danino were tasked with compiling a report into the 37 murders in 2012, incomparison to 52 in 2011, and said he was confident in curbing the trend.
Date of the election
Since the term of the 17th Knesset ended prematurely, the term of the 18th Knesset is four full years plus eight more months, starting from the month of its election (February 2009). The expected date for a regular election is 22 October 2013.
Likud's coalition chairman MK Ze'ev Elkin wanted the election to be scheduled for 4 September 2012. He got support for the motion from Yisrael Beiteinau, Shas and Labour; however, Kadima wanted the election 16 September. Meretz, Labor and Elkin submitted different motions for dissolution. Netanyahu told the Likud party on 7 May that he would like an early election saying that he does not "want there to be a year-and-a-half of political instability accompanied by blackmail and populism. I'd prefer a short electoral campaign of four months that will ensure political stability. I would have been very happy if we could have completed the term, which was also my goal, but it is no secret that with the start of the government's fourth year, the coalition is fraying somewhat. The achievements of this government are a result of a joint vision and a partnership that was possible due to political stability. We have not had such a stable government in decades. We are proposing 4 September, after which, God and voters willing, we will receive a mandate."
The Knesset House Committee's approval on 7 May for the expedition of the bill to dissolve the 18th Knesset allowing for plenum vote. The committee bill was approved by a vote of 13 to four. Though Shas voted against the measure, a party member said that "Shas' unambiguous stance is to support the early elections and the legislation. abstained due to confusion. We support the bill."
The schedule for the 19th Knesset elections as it would take place if they are not postponed or held earlier than prescribed by law.
4 September 2013 - The last day that each party is allowed to submit their candidate lists to the "Central Elections Committee".
10 October 2013 - Election Day would be held in Israeli naval vessels abroad, as well as in Israeli diplomatic and consular missions abroad.
19 October 2013 - Starting at sunset, it is prohibited to publicize opinion polls.
21 October 2013 - Election campaigning in public is prohibited after 19:00.
22 October 2013 - Election Day, 07:00 AM to 22:00 PM.
4 or 11 November 2013 - the 19th Knesset will convene.
6 November 2013 - the last possible day that the President of Israel can appoint the Knesset Member to establish the 33rd Israeli government.
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Replies to this discussion thread
|Ghost Dog||Sep 2012||OP|
|Sherman A1||Sep 2012||#4|
|Ghost Dog||Sep 2012||#11|
Actually, Israel's electoral arrangements appear to be a mess... But it's still winter 2013 so far?
|Ghost Dog||Sep 2012||#14|
|Ghost Dog||Sep 2012||#17|
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