4. The article says it's just a surprise that it's happening this quickly.
They expected this process to take decades. It also notes that this is a part of the arctic that has warmed more quickly than other parts, as it is warmed by the Gulf Stream and other factors, but that it acts as a bit of a bellwether for the region.
" I know that one revived rural community would be more convincing and more encouraging than all the government and university programs of the last fifty years, and I think that it could be the beginning of the renewal of our country, for the renewal of rural communities ultimately implies the renewal of urban ones."--Wendell Berry, "The Work of Local Culture"