What The 2012 Election Would Have Looked Like Without Universal Suffrage
Map 1: 1850
Before 1870, only white men could vote. Here's how the election would have looked before the 15th Amendment.
Map 3: 1920
While women's suffrage passed in 1920, there were still huge impediments to minorities to vote during that period, for instance in the form of poll taxes (only finally outlawed by the 24th Amendment in 1964). So here's a version of the map that shows only white voters, men and women.