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HIV TEST URGED FOR 7,000 OKLAHOMA DENTAL PATIENTS
TULSA, Okla. (AP) — Health officials are urging 7,000 patients of an Oklahoma dentist to seek medical tests to ensure they haven't been exposed to hepatitis or the virus that causes AIDS.
The Oklahoma and Tulsa health departments said Thursday that the patients may have been exposed to viruses at clinics operated by Dr. W. Scott Harrington. The agencies said they found "major violations" of the Oklahoma Dental Act.
Spokeswoman Kaitlin Snider of the Tulsa Health Department says Harrington voluntarily closed his practice and is cooperating with investigators.
Letters are being sent to 7,000 patients from Harrington's clinics in Tulsa and suburban Owasso since 2007. The letters recommend testing for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and HIV. The agencies say it is rare for infections to spread in occupational settings but that tests are important.
Posted by MindMover | Thu Mar 28, 2013, 03:04 PM (4 replies)
Exclusive: Congressional Ethics Probe Adds to Michele Bachmann’s Political Woes
Eighteen months ago, the Minnesota House member was considered an unlikely but undeniable Republican rising star, winning the Iowa straw poll that unofficially begins the primary season. Today, she is embroiled in a litany of legal proceedings related to her rolling disaster of a presidential campaign—including a Office of Congressional Ethics investigation into campaign improprieties that has not previously been reported.
The Daily Beast has learned that federal investigators are now interviewing former Bachmann campaign staffers nationwide about alleged intentional campaign-finance violations. The investigators are working on behalf of the Office of Congressional Ethics, which probes reported improprieties by House members and their staffs and then can refer cases to the House Ethics Committee.
“I have been interviewed by investigators,” says Peter Waldron, a former Bachmann staffer who’s embroiled in his own fight with his former boss, involving his allegations of pay-to-play politics and improper payments by the campaign—making him one of several members of Bachmann’s inner circle who’ve fallen out with the woman they once hoped would become commander in chief. While he was careful to avoid specifics in regard to the investigating body, Waldron said that “investigators came interviewed me and are interviewing other staff members across the country.”
Two other former staffers confirmed the existence of the investigation this weekend, and on Monday Bachmann’s campaign counsel, William McGinley, of the high-powered firm Patton Boggs, confirmed that the Office of Congressional Ethics (OCE) was looking into the congresswoman’s presidential campaign last year.
Posted by MindMover | Mon Mar 25, 2013, 02:04 PM (2 replies)
Rush Limbaugh: Beyonce's new song means she 'understands it's worth it to bow down' to men
Rush Limbaugh is giving Beyoncé's new single two thumbs down in the feminism department.
The talk show host, 62, spent part of his show on Wednesday criticizing the pop singer for pulling a "total 180" with her new single "Bow Down/I Been On."
Citing a story in The Telegraph, Limbaugh claimed that, rather than extolling women's independence in her song, Beyoncé is encouraging women to be subservient to their spouses.
"Bow Down," according to Limbaugh, advises women to "put up with it."
Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/entertainment/gossip/rush-limbaugh-beyonce-anti-feminist-article-1.1294359#ixzz2OBqZlXQW
Posted by MindMover | Thu Mar 21, 2013, 10:52 AM (5 replies)
Universal, selective, and indicated substance abuse prevention programs are all commonly found in American Indian communities. Distinctions between different types of prevention are often blurred; however, as commonly the entire community is considered at risk and is the focus of intervention. Unfortunately, the majority of prevention efforts in Indian Country have not been rigorously evaluated for efficacy. In addition, specific details of these programs often are not published or available in a manner that allows them to be easily shared with other communities. Moran and Reaman (2002) provided information on prevention programs that have not been published in the mainstream literature. Limited program information can also be found through SAMHSA’s Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (2003; see also Western Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies, 2002). While many of these programs have the potential for success in combating Indian adolescent substance abuse and for making valuable contributions to the development of prevention efforts in other communities, this study focuses on reviewing those studies that have been evaluated and published in peer refereed journals.
The principal source of information in this study comes from searches of the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases. Information on qualitative findings has been included where relevant, although the emphasis here is on presenting quantitative outcome data. The programs reviewed tend to fall into two categories: those that target entire communities for change and those that focus their efforts primarily on individual behavior change.
Several researchers have suggested that programs that target an entire community rather than specific individuals may be more effective for the prevention and treatment of substance abuse in American Indian and Alaskan Native youth (Beauvais & LaBoueff, 1985; E. D. Edwards & Edwards, 1988; Gutierres, Russo, & Urbanski, 1994; LaFromboise, Trimble, & Mohatt, 1990; Petoskey et al., 1998; Wiebe & Huebert, 1996). A community based approach may be preferred for a variety of reasons. Some authors have described the inclusion of an entire community in the intervention as consistent with Native values and traditions, which stress collective decision making in resolving community or tribal concerns (E. D. Edwards & Edwards, 1988; LaFromboise et al., 1990). Others have emphasized the role that sociocultural factors play in the development of drug and alcohol abuse and argued that a more comprehensive approach is necessary to address risk factors at familial and community levels (Gutierres et al., 1994). Most authors agree that whether a curriculum is intended to serve primarily individuals or larger groups, community support for the intervention is vital to the success of any treatment or prevention program (Beauvais & LaBoueff, 1985; E. D. Edwards & Edwards, 1988; LaFromboise et al., 1990; Wiebe & Huebert, 1996).
Posted by MindMover | Mon Mar 18, 2013, 09:24 PM (2 replies)
A new report finds shows that Americans are getting fatter and notes worse rates among those with low incomes, but some states don’t exactly fit the pattern.
Our colleague Katherine Hobson on the Health Blog points to a study from the Trust for America’s Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation that looks at the increase in obesity rates across the U.S.
The report notes higher obesity rates nationally among low-income adults. “More than 33% of adults who earn less than $15,000 per year were obese, compared with 24.6% of those who earn at least $50,000 per year,” the authors state.
Comparing poverty rates in the U.S. with obesity rates, a pretty strong correlation emerges. Check out this map on poverty rates from the Census Bureau and look at this map on obesity rates, where you can see a lot of overlap. For example, Mississippi has both the highest poverty rate and the highest obesity rate in the country.
But as the report notes, there isn’t just one factor leading to increases in obesity, as some states clearly buck the trend. Maryland has the second-lowest poverty rate in the country, but is near the national average for obesity.
On the other side of the coin, New Mexico has the third-highest poverty rate in the U.S., but has a below average rate of obesity. New York has a higher than average poverty rate, but is among the 10 lowest states in obesity.
Posted by MindMover | Mon Mar 18, 2013, 01:16 PM (4 replies)
Coverage of obesity in the British press has doubled in the past year and threatens to become an 'epidemic' in its own right. It is almost impossible to pick up a daily or Sunday paper without being exposed to headlines featuring words such as 'time-bomb' and ill-founded assertions that the present generation of children will die before their parents. The sounds of wringing hands and admonishments to eat 'properly' have become almost deafening.
In the midst of this 'headless chicken' panic about growing girths — and especially the girths of children — government agencies appear to have given in to the food-correctness lobbyists who have sought to pin the blame for the disaster squarely on those greedy multinational purveyors of lard, sugar and salt — the culpable 'fat cats' who have, apparently, single-handedly created our fat nation. The Food Standards Agency, for example, has announced a plan to 'overhaul food promotion to children' despite the fact that in its own evidence just 2 months ago to the Commons Select Health Committee regarding advertising of food to children it conceded that:
"The conclusions that the researchers drew was that the evidence is not there to draw any conclusions on the magnitude of the effect."
In what we take to be proper science-based approaches, if the magnitude of an effect cannot be measured then it cannot be said to exist at all. Rational and evidence-based thinking clearly no longer stands in the way of appeasing the growing clamour for action on obesity, even when there is no evidence that the proposed measures will have the slightest impact. The 'let's be seen to be something, no matter how misguided' philosophy has long been a familiar response of agencies that have run out of proper ideas.
Amidst this disoriented casting around for culprits and simple solutions, driven hard by media hype, it was refreshing to read in the Observer a thoughtful article by David Smith that for once dealt with some of the real issues underlying the rise in obesity — poverty and disadvantage. It has become fashionable to believe that in the modern Blairite Britain such features of British society are no longer with us — that we are all now 'middle class' and that the old social and economic distinctions that were once an intrinsic feature of our culture have been consigned to history. Not so, sadly, for the people of Glasgow's East End where life expectancy is around 60 and falling and where the average diet is about as unhealthy as it can get. Obesity is but one of the symptoms of the impoverishment that plagues their lives.
Posted by MindMover | Mon Mar 18, 2013, 01:12 PM (0 replies)
Under the category “Summer Rentals That Have Gone Terribly Wrong,” there are perhaps few parallels to the experience of Charles Henry Warren, a Manhattan banker who, in 1906, took a house in Oyster Bay on Long Island’s North Shore. By the end of the season, Mr. Warren’s young daughter had developed typhoid. She was soon followed in illness by Mr. Warren’s wife, a second daughter, two maids and a gardener. At the time, typhoid, a bacterial illness spread through contaminated food and water, was largely a disease of the urban poor. The property’s owner, George Thompson, concerned that the house, on which he relied for rental income, would become associated with tenement filth in the minds of wealthy New Yorkers, invited a sanitary engineer to determine the source of the outbreak.
What the medical investigator, George Soper, discovered was that the Warrens’ cook, Mary Mallon, an Irish immigrant, had left an imprint of malady in other quarters of upper-class Manhattan and its summer enclaves. Typhoid, he wrote, had erupted in every household in which Mallon had worked over the previous decade. An asymptomatic carrier of the disease, Ms. Mallon would be known to history as Typhoid Mary and spend most of the remainder of her life quarantined on North Brother Island in the East River, having failed to abide by a promise to cease working in the city’s kitchens.
The events supply the narrative of “Fever,” a new novel by Mary Beth Keane, which arrives at a time when we are once again debating the parameters of public health policy’s encroachments on our behaviors. Last week, a State Supreme Court justice in Manhattan used the words “arbitrary and capricious” in striking down the Bloomberg administration’s efforts to limit the size of sugary drinks (which pertained to certain sweetened beverages but not others, and some retail environments but not all). The phrase, though, could have been similarly applied a century ago to the city’s treatment of Ms. Mallon, given that officials were not in the habit of isolating other healthy carriers whom they had identified as ignoring ordinances against the spread of the disease.
I wonder why poverty is ignored .....
Posted by MindMover | Sun Mar 17, 2013, 03:47 PM (2 replies)
Obesity prevalence has increased significantly among adults and children in the U.S. over the last two decades. A new study appearing in the journal Nutrition Reviews reveals that characteristics of neighborhoods, including the area’s income level, the built environment, and access to healthy food, contribute to the continuing obesity epidemic.
They found that neighborhoods with decreased economic and social resources have higher rates of obesity. They also found that residents in low-income urban areas are more likely to report greater neighborhood barriers to physical activity, such as limited opportunities for daily walking or physical activity and reduced access to stores that sell healthy foods, especially large supermarkets.
In order to organize the different approaches to assessing neighborhood-level determinants of obesity, the authors present a conceptual framework. The framework is intended to guide future inquiry by describing pathways through which neighborhoods might influence body weight.
Consisting of three inter-related layers, the framework includes the influence of social factors, access to quality food and exercise, and individual factors including behavioral intentions. Each level has indirect and direct influences on behavioral choices and may ultimately impact weight.
So we complain about our healthcare costs which are directly related to obesity which is directly related to income, DUH ....
Posted by MindMover | Sun Mar 17, 2013, 03:24 PM (3 replies)
President Obama poked fun at the Washington press corps, Republicans, and himself at the annual Gridiron dinner. Here are some of the best jokes from his comedy routine:
On the sequester: "I know some of you have noticed that I'm dressed a little differently from the other gentlemen. Because of sequester, they cut my tails. My joke writers have been placed on furlough. I know a lot of you reported that no one will feel any immediate impact because of the sequester. Well, you're about to find out how wrong you are."
On Marco Rubio (after pausing to drink from a glass of water): "That, Marco Rubio, is how you take a sip of water."
On mixing up Star Wars and Star Trek references: "After a very public mix-up last week, my communications team has provided me with an easy way to distinguish between 'Star Trek' and 'Star Wars.' Spock is what Maureen Dowd calls me. Darth Vader is what John Boehner calls me."
On Washington Post reporter Bob Woodward: "I know that some folks think we responded to Woodward too aggressively. But hey, when has -- can anybody tell me when an administration has ever regretted picking a fight with Bob Woodward? What's the worst that could happen? "
On his special someone: "Now I'm sure that you've noticed that there's somebody very special in my life who is missing tonight, somebody who has always got my back, stands with me no matter what and gives me hope no matter how dark things seem. So tonight, I want to publicly thank my rock, my foundation -- thank you, Nate Silver."
On his new administration: "With all these new faces, it's hard to keep track of who is in, who is out. And I know it's difficult for you guys as reporters. But I can offer you an easy way of remembering the new team. If Ted Cruz calls somebody a communist, then you know they're in my cabinet."
On Joe Biden: "Look, it's no secret that my Vice President is still ambitious. But let's face it, his age is an issue. Just the other day, I had to take Joe aside and say, 'Joe, you are way too young to be the pope.'"
Read full transcript here ; http://politicalhumor.about.com/od/barackobama/a/Obama-Gridiron-Speech-2013.htm
Posted by MindMover | Thu Mar 14, 2013, 09:57 PM (8 replies)
CHAPTER 2: Review of Related Literature
The recognition that substance use among American Indian youth often begins at an early age has resulted in a growing emphasis on prevention rather than treatment efforts. Research detailing epidemiology, etiology, and domains of risk and protection can provide the basis for developing prevention programs and identifying intervention targets. These preventive interventions are designed to reach children early and limit the initiation of substance use and/or the later development of substance abuse and related consequences.
Prevention services are widely characterized as primary, secondary, or tertiary (Caplan, 1964). Within the health field, primary prevention programs are aimed at reducing the incidence of a particular disorder or risk factor. Secondary prevention programs target early identification and treatment to reduce the prevalence of a particular problem. Tertiary prevention programs focus on reducing the severity or impact of an established condition. Because this framework assumes dichotomous categorization (i.e., present and absent), using this classification system often makes it difficult to distinguish between primary and secondary prevention. Instead, mental health and substance abuse problems tend to be conceptualized as spectrum disorders, with attention focused on the level and severity of functional impairment rather than the strict presence or absence of a disorder.
In 1994, the Institute of Medicine proposed a new model that divides the continuum of care into three categories: prevention, treatment, and maintenance. The prevention category distinguishes between three classifications of prevention programs: universal, selective, and indicated. In a universal program, specific individuals are not singled out for an intervention; rather, all individuals within a defined area or population are offered the service. Examples of this include high school health education classes and anti-smoking media campaigns. Selective prevention targets groups of individuals considered at higher than average risk because of the presence of one or more risk factors. A program designed for children of alcoholics or an after-school mentoring program for youth experiencing behavioral problems are examples of selective prevention. Indicated prevention programs are aimed at specific individuals who have already begun engaging in high-risk behaviors but who do not meet criteria for a substance use disorder. Examples of this kind of intervention might include youth screened for problems at school or a physician’s office, or those mandated to treatment. Selective and indicated preventions are also often referred to as forms of targeted prevention.
Universal and targeted prevention programs both have their advantages and disadvantages (Offord, 2000). Universal programs tend to cast a wider net and can, therefore, potentially influence more people. They also tend to be less stigmatizing, as no one individual is singled out for attention. However, they are often expensive usually have a smaller effect on any one person, and may have the greatest effect on those at lowest risk. Targeted programs have the potential advantage of efficiency, as available resources are directed only at the high-risk group. In addition, they tend to be more intensive and may have greater impact on an individual level. A common difficulty in indicated interventions, though, is the cost and commitment necessary to screen individuals to determine risk status. Furthermore, risk factors are usually fairly weak predictors of future pathology, so screening may not accurately target individuals in the most need. Finding the balance between sensitivity (the ability to accurately detect those who are at risk) and specificity (the ability to correctly identify those who are not at risk) often presents a challenge for clinicians and researchers.
Posted by MindMover | Thu Mar 14, 2013, 03:39 PM (0 replies)