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Member since: 2002
Number of posts: 28,784
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By age 23, at least a quarter of all youth in the U.S. — and perhaps as many as 41% — are arrested at least once for something more serious than a traffic violation, according to a new study of American teens.
Raw Story's Headline Puts the Blame on Harsher Drug Laws
Tougher drug laws mean nearly 1/3 arrested by age 23
A study analyzing data from the federal government’s National Longitudinal Survey of Youth found that 30.2 percent of 23-year-olds reported being arrested for something more serious that a traffic violation.
Steve Cohen (D-TN) is a member of the House who has signed on with Barney Frank, Ron Paul, Democratic Reps. John Conyers (MI), Jared Polis (CO) and Barbara Lee (CA) to reschedule/decriminalize cannabis via HR 2306. In addition, the 40th anniversary of the WoD led to a tremendous outcry from leaders around the world to end the failed war on drugs.
"Marijuana use has not skyrocketed in the last year, but arrests are vamped up and they use arrest as a basis to get people, particularly people of color where it’s 7 times more likely you’ll be arrested if you’re African American and 4 times more likely you’ll be arrested if you’re Latino and more likely if you’re African American or Latino that you’ll spend a night in jail than if you’re Caucasian,”
Posted by RainDog | Tue Dec 20, 2011, 09:56 AM (5 replies)
"Dance with the One that Brought You" is the title of a well-known song. But the Urban Dictionary offers a deeper meaning: "The principle that someone should pay proper fealty to those who have gone out of their way to look after them."
The editorial writer notes that Obama can reignite the youth vote by making a statement that marijuana policy needs to be revisited - not even actually do anything before an election - while Ethan Nadelmann, of the Drug Policy Alliance, wonders if the Obama administration has been co-opted by holdover appointees (he's talking about you, Michele Leonhart.)
Posted by RainDog | Tue Dec 20, 2011, 09:22 AM (148 replies)
Series: "Richard and Rhoda Goldman School of Public Policy at UC Berkeley" (2008)
Posted by RainDog | Sat Dec 17, 2011, 08:25 PM (0 replies)
Drug Schedules are part of the Controlled Substances Act, passed by Congress in 1970, that defines federal drug policy. There are five schedules, or classifications for drugs, to determine federal policy on those substances. Cannabis is currently listed as a Schedule I substance.
No prescriptions may be written for Schedule I substances, and such substances are subject to production quotas by the DEA.
Other schedules and substances designated for various schedules are available here:
The DEA and the FDA determine the scheduling of various substances, although Congress scheduled a substance via legislation in Feb. 2000. The Attorney General of the United States may also initiate a drug rescheduling hearing.
Cornell University Law School Legal Information Institute provides this information about the way in which a rescheduling may be put in motion, in this case, by the Attorney General:
...Proceedings for the issuance, amendment, or repeal of such rules may be initiated by the Attorney General
In 1992, DEA administrator Robert Bonner created 5 criteria for determining whether a substance has medicinal value.
The DEA claims that cannabis has no accepted medical use because it does not meet all of these criteria:
(Information on Drug Schedules and Information on attempts to reschedule cannabis via the Wiki link, above.)
On October 18, 1985, the DEA issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to transfer "Synthetic Dronabinol in Sesame Oil and Encapsulated in Soft Gelatin Capsules" — a pill form of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, the main psychoactive component of cannabis, sold under the brand name Marinol — from Schedule I to Schedule II (DEA 50 FR 42186-87). The government issued its final rule rescheduling the drug on July 13, 1986 (DEA 51 FR 17476-78). The disparate treatment of cannabis and the expensive, patentable Marinol prompted reformers to question the DEA's consistency.
So, what has medical research into the use of cannabis revealed since 1992? Because of the Federal Scheduling, much of the legitimate research has gone on outside of the United States.
(This article includes links to information about cannabinoid research for 19 different health issues, with links to the studies relating to the medical condition.)
Recent medical research on cannabis, via NORML:
...There are now more than 17,000 published papers in the scientific literature analyzing marijuana and its constituents...Whereas researchers in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s primarily assessed cannabis' ability to temporarily alleviate various disease symptoms — such as the nausea associated with cancer chemotherapy — scientists today are exploring the potential role of cannabinoids to modify disease.
Posted by RainDog | Sat Dec 17, 2011, 04:19 AM (7 replies)
if they want to grow more than 4, they have to receive permission and register with their canton.
edited to note: this is for 4 French-speaking cantons, cheri.
(the link is in French - 420 has the article available via google translate in the link below - not exactly smooth but it does get the general idea across)
Earlier this month, Copenhagen put together a proposal to legalize cannabis in that city. The proposal has to be approved by the Danish Parliament, which will meet on this issue early in 2012.
The Basques are moving to legalize cannabis in their region.
"It's better to regulate than to ban," said Jesus Maria Fernandez, second in command at the region's health authority. Regulating "the growing, sale, and consumption of cannabis" is a better approach to pot smoking, he said, calling it "a practice that is already consolidated."
More and more cities, regions and nations are pushing back against zero tolerance that is the failed legacy of Ronald Reagan. Since Reagan's actions, cannabis has become an even bigger worldwide industry that generates ever greater profits that are not taxed for use by the states in which they are made.
Posted by RainDog | Fri Dec 16, 2011, 11:55 PM (12 replies)
EVEN IF I wanted to get marijuana, I wouldn’t know where to start looking. That predicament should not be true for the terminally ill. But the legal limbo regarding medical marijuana has left many state governments deciding between promoting patient care and exposing people to prosecution. Finally, the states are pushing back.
As the writer of this editorial notes, the federal government lags behind the science, the desire of the American population and compassion.
It's time for the DEA to reschedule cannabis, as four governors have recently requested, and as five democrats and one Republican have attempted to do via HR 2306 - a bill whose progress is stalled by one Republican representative from Texas.
A recent Senate subcommittee report noted that the war on drugs is a failure; the primary beneficiaries of current policies and actions are military contractors and drug lords.
It's time for marijuana to be handled by the FDA and medical professsionals, not the D.E.A or the N.I.D.A.
Posted by RainDog | Thu Dec 15, 2011, 02:44 PM (23 replies)
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) survey includes teens in 8th, 10th, & 12th grades. Other drugs showing some evidence of decline in use this year include cocaine, crack cocaine and inhalants. Full survey here: http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/
The 17 states with the most usage among teens
1. New Mexico (29%)
2. Mass (27.1)
3. Rhode Island (26.3%)
4. Delaware (25.8%)
5. New Hampshire (25.6%)
6. Colorado (24.8%)
7. Vermont (24.6%)
8. Arizona (23.7%)
9. Montana (23. 1%)
10. Alaska (22.7%)
11. Hawaii (22.1%)
12. Maryland (21.9%)
13. Conn. (21.8%)
14. Florida (21.4)
15. Illinois (20.1)
16. Indiana (20.9%)
17. New York (20.9%)
Interesting that California, Oregon and Washington State aren't among those reporting the greatest usage among teens yet these are the states with some of the most liberal cannabis laws for the last 15 years.
Medical marijuana has been the law in California since 1996. A 2007 study from Texas A&M found “Our results indicate that the introduction of medical cannabis laws was not associated with an increase in cannabis use among either arrestees or emergency department patients in cities and metropolitan areas located in four states in the USA (California, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington),” researchers reported in the International Journal of Drug Policy. “Consistent with other studies of the liberalization of cannabis laws, medical cannabis laws do not appear to increase use of the drug.
Abstract here: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17689362
It might be more realistic to note that teenagers have gotten the message that cannabis is safer than alcohol or cigarettes. If cannabis were regulated like alcohol and tobacco, access for teens would be more difficult.
Paul Armentano weighed in on this issue earlier in the year.
In truth, marijuana use rates as a percentage of the overall population vary only slightly among states, despite states having remarkably varying degrees of marijuana enforcement and punishments. Several states with the most lenient laws regarding marijuana possession — such as Nebraska (possession of up to one ounce is a civil citation) and Mississippi (possession of up to 30 grams is a summons) — report having some of the lowest rates of marijuana use, while several states that maintain strict penalties for personal users report comparatively high levels of use.
quoted from this link: http://thehill.com/blogs/congress-blog/judicial/134069-drug-czar-blames-rising-teen-pot-use-on-medical-cannabis-laws-rather-than-on-the-administrations-own-failed-policies
The Marijuana Policy Project reported this from 2005: http://www.mpp.org/reports/teen-use.html
They look at not just current usage but overall lifetime usage among teens.
Posted by RainDog | Thu Dec 15, 2011, 11:14 AM (4 replies)
Peter McWilliams was a libertarian. Don't hold that against him. He wrote a book, Ain't Nobody's Business If I Do, in 1993 which discussed the uselessness of laws to deal with victimless crimes, such as prohibition of cannabis.
In 1996, Peter developed AIDS and lymphoma. Medical marijuana saved his life. Here is what he had to say about the situation in 2000, in an address to a libertarian convention (you can find a link to the full speech via the link below. Clinton was president when McWilliams was going through his first bout of chemo.)
And here I think it is important to note that the IMMEDIATE effect of cannabis on nausea is due to the way in which the cannabis is used. It is SMOKED. By smoking, the cannabis does not have to go through the liver via the stomach and make its way to the brain to turn off the nausea, a process that can take up to two hours. When cannabis is smoked, it goes from the lungs to the heart to the brain within half a minute. Actually, the time is more like 2-15 seconds.
Recently, the Drug Czar specifically noted that the federal govt. finds no medical use for "smoked marijuana." Well, that must be because the federal govt. doesn't want to find it because the evidence has been available for decades. The Obama administration is lying about smoked cannabis and is using that lie as a foundation for the continuation of prohibition. They are lying. Let's be clear. They are lying about science.
This is why I have come to the conclusion that prohibition is the creationism of social conservatism in the realm of medicine.
In the face of absolute proof regarding a scientific issue, prohibitionists are as idiotic as creationists - but are more harmful to society. It has been more than a decade since the federal govt has had to answer for their crimes against the American people regarding prohibition. It seems like we need a Scopes trial for the prohibitionists...a hearing on the science.
One of the people that the anti-science prohibitionists killed was Peter McWilliams. Here is how they killed him.
On June 14, Natalie Fisher went to Peter McWilliams' home, where she worked as housekeeper to the wheelchair-bound victim of AIDS and cancer. In the bathroom on the second floor, she found his life-less body. He had choked to death on his own vomit... (Peter) was diagnosed with AIDS and non-Hodgkins lymphoma in early 1996...In 1996, California voters enacted a law legalizing the use of marijuana by people, like Peter, who needed it for medical reasons...Like many people stricken with AIDS or cancer, he had great difficulty keeping down the drugs that controlled or mitigated those afflictions. He began to smoke marijuana to control the drug-induced nausea. It saved his life: by early 1998, both his cancer and his AIDS were under control.
This is important to note: Because the federal govt, specifically the federal govt under the leadership of the Clinton administration, refused to honor the will of California voters regarding medical marijuana, Peter McWilliams' health deteriorated to the point that he became wheelchair bound.
Before, when he was able to use medical marijuana, his health improved.
After, when the federal govt brought the full force of their power down on someone who was acting legally, and, imo, morally, that person suffocated on his own vomit. The federal govt. had proof, in the person of Peter McWilliams, that smoked marijuana was saving his life and they ignored this - and killed him because of their refusal to acknowledge the proof before their own eyes.
Democrats have been WORSE for people who deal with illness and use medical marijuana for their conditions than Republicans at the federal level. Under the Clinton administration, the DEA engaged in more raids than his Republican predecessor. The same holds true with Obama. This history must change. Democrats must become the rational party regarding medical cannabis.
You have to wonder if they want to look tough - but, you know, kicking cancer patients when they're down is more like the act of a sociopath, not someone who cares about the well being of society.
Nevertheless, the helmet hair heads in D.C. and other political offices can't seem to shake the idea that an attack on marijuana is an attack on the 60s counter culture. Hey, guess what? The 60s are over. So is Nixon and his hatred for those Jews who were smoking pot. The social conservatives cannot even win on legislation to oppress women in Mississippi, fercryinoutloud. The 60s won - deal with it. Climb to the roof of your helmet-haired head, get into your mental helicopters and remove yourselves from your outdated positions.
Oh, and Todd McCormick, the person who was arrested for growing marijuana? He was also a cancer patient.
The War on Drugs in action.
Posted by RainDog | Wed Dec 14, 2011, 06:12 PM (8 replies)
Posted by RainDog | Tue Dec 13, 2011, 11:55 PM (0 replies)
These statements range from 2010, when Prop. 19 was on the ballot in CA to Dec. 2011.
Four Former Mayors of Vancouver
Norm Stamper, Former FBI chief in Seattle, endorses marijuana legalization initiative (Nov. 2011)
California Medical Association
LEAP (Law Enforcement Against Prohibition)
Reps. Barney Frank (D-MA) and Ron Paul (R-TX) introduced a bill (H.B. 2306) modeled on the 21st amendment to repeal prohibition, to end the federal govt's prohibition of cannabis. This was the first time such a bill has been entered in the house (June 2011.)
The Editorial Board of The Seattle Times
Stop the Violence, a high profile group of Canadian business, political, and educational, legal and law enforcement professionals, includes former B.C. Supreme Court justice Ross Lander and B.C.'s former chief coroner Vince Cain, launched a high-profile political campaign to "end the cannabis cash cow of organized crime."
The following Commissioners from the Global Commission on Drug Policy:
» Asma Jahangir
- human rights activist, former UN Special Rapporteur on Arbitrary, Extrajudicial and Summary Executions, Pakistan
» Carlos Fuentes
» César Gaviria
- former President of Colômbia
» Ernesto Zedillo
» Fernando Henrique Cardoso
- former President of Brazil (chair)
» George Papandreou
» George Shultz
- former Secretary of State, United States (honorary chair)
» Javier Solana
» John Whitehead
- banker and civil servant, chair of the World Trade Center Memorial, United States
» Kofi Annan
» Louise Arbour
- former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, president of the International Crisis Group, Canada
» Maria Cattaui
» Marion Caspers-Merk
- former State Secretary at the German Federal Ministry of Health, Germany
» Mario Vargas Llosa
» Michel Kazatchkine
- executive director of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, France
» Paul Volcker
» Richard Branson
- entrepreneur, advocate for social causes, founder of the Virgin Group, cofounder of The Elders, United Kingdom
» Ruth Dreifuss
» Thorvald Stoltenberg
- former Minister of Foreign Affairs and UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Norway
Edward Schumacher-Matos, The Washington Post (2010)
65 Law Professors who signed on to Vote Yes on Prop. 19 (2010)
The Editorial Board of the British Medical Journal (2010) - and recommend it be sold in stores like cigarettes and alcohol.
International Centre for Science in Drug Policy, based in Vancouver, Canada (2010)
Roger Pertwee, UK's Leading Pharmacological Expert on Cannabis, Calls for Legalization
Joseph McNamara, Former San Jose Chief of Police, Calls For Legalization of Cannabis
California Council of Churches IMPACT (21 different denominations and over 1.5 million members within the mainstream and progressive Protestant communities of faith) endorses legalization of cannabis
The California council of the Service Employees International Union (SEIU), the state's largest union, endorses legalization in 2010.
Former (Republican) Governor of New Mexico, Gary E. Johnson
Former Mexican Foreign minister, Jorge Castaneda
John McKay, the prosecutor who sent "prince of pot" Marc Emery to jail
Please feel free to add others that I have missed.
Posted by RainDog | Tue Dec 13, 2011, 02:40 AM (7 replies)