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Judi Lynn

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Member since: 2002
Number of posts: 107,200

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An 80 million-year-old secret

An 80 million-year-old secret


Before 2000, few people in China – or the rest of the world – had heard of the Rainbow Mountains. Now they are catching the eye of photographers and filmmakers.

- Video at link. -

http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20160825-an-80-million-year-old-secret



Rainbow Mountains of China's Zhangye Danxia National Geologic Park (Credit: imaginechina.com)


Many more images of the Rainbow Mountains, google images:

https://www.google.com/search?hl=en&site=imghp&tbm=isch&source=hp&biw=1262&bih=596&q=rainbow+mountains+china&oq=rainbow+mountains+china&gs_l=img.3..0l7j0i30k1l2j0i8i30k1.1274.8801.0.9100.27.21.0.6.6.0.169.2326.0j16.16.0....0...1ac.1.64.img..5.22.2401...0i10i24k1j0i24k1.uEsI_Ce8ndA#imgrc=_

Charges of Corruption and Money Laundering Are Fiction, Says Brazil Lula's Lawyer

Source: Brazzil

Charges of Corruption and Money Laundering Are Fiction, Says Brazil Lula's Lawyer

Elaine Patricia Cruz 27 August 2016

Cristiano Zanin Martins, lawyer for Brazil's former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and his wife Marisa Letícia, said it strikes him as noteworthy that actions under Operation Car Wash which target his client are always conducted at key moments in the country's politics, referring to the conclusion of the impeachment trial of suspended President Dilma Rousseff at the Senate.

The Brazilian Federal Police is seeking charges of passive corruption, misrepresentation, and money laundering against Lula and his wife as part of an investigation into the acquisition of a triplex apartment in Guarujá, on the coast of São Paulo.

In March, shortly before the motion for Rousseff's impeachment was approved by the lower house, Lula was coercively taken by the Federal Police for questioning at the Congonhas Airport, in São Paulo, under Operation Car Wash.

"There is a very strong political element to it, as he has been the victim of arbitrary acts, carried out with purposes strange to the case, like the release of intercepted conversations (…), concomitant with the political moments of the country," said the lawyer.

Read more: http://www.brazzil.com/24016-charges-of-corruption-and-money-laundering-are-fiction-says-brazil-lula-s-lawyer

Does a Major Discovery Show the Greeks Secretly Sacrificed a Teenage Boy to Zeus?

Does a Major Discovery Show the Greeks Secretly Sacrificed a Teenage Boy to Zeus?

When the skeleton of a young boy was found in an altar dedicated to Zeus, the discovery sent shockwaves through the world of archaeology. But it might be too good to be true.

Candida Moss
08.27.16 11:01 PM ET

GAME CHANGER

On a mountain top in southern Greece, in a nearly 3000 year old religious site, archeologists have made a macabre discovery: human remains nestled inside an altar dedicated to Zeus. The burial is unprecedented. How did the bones of this adolescent boy end up in an altar made of sheep bones? Potentially, the discovery is evidence that the Greeks, like many other ancient societies, engaged in human sacrifice. This is shocking news for those who think of ancient Greece as the birthplace of civilization and culture.

The discovery was made on Mount Lykaion in southwestern Arcadia. We know from ancient authors like Thucydides and Plato that the site was associated with Zeus, the most illustrious of the ancient Greek deities.

But Mount Lykaion wasn’t just famous for athletics, it has a more sinister history too. According to legend a young man would be sacrificed before both his and animal flesh were consumed together as part of the ritual. In Plato’s Republic, Socrates asks his conversation partner Adeimantos if he had heard the rumors of human sacrifice and cannibalism at Lykaion, to which Adeimantos replies that he has. Pausanias, an ancient travel writer who lived some five hundred years later, seems to allude to the same legend when he writes ,“on this altar they sacrifice in secret to Zeus” but says that he was “reluctant to pry into the details of the sacrifice.”

Archeological investigations of the site have revealed that the site is much older than the classical period. A survey jointly undertaken by the Greek Archeological service and the American School of Classics uncovered pottery from the fifth-fourth millennium BCE. There were no animal sacrifices (mostly sheep and goats) until the Late Bronze Age Mycenaean period (15th-13th BCE).

More:
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2016/08/28/does-a-major-discovery-show-the-greeks-secretly-sacrificed-a-teenage-boy-to-zeus.html

Dakota Access Pipeline Protests Recall America’s Historical Shame

Dakota Access Pipeline Protests Recall America’s Historical Shame

Posted on Aug 24, 2016
By Sonali Kolhatkar


Until a few years ago, the word “occupation” was synonymous with power, imperialism and foreign invasion. Today, in the post-Occupy Wall Street era, more and more activists are using their physical presence to make demands. From Manhattan’s Zuccotti Park to Tahrir Square in Cairo, occupation has become a powerful method of organizing.

One of the most dramatic such occupations is occurring in the form of a growing encampment at the Cannonball River in North Dakota, where indigenous tribes are leading a coalition of environmental activists in protest over the building of a new crude oil pipeline.

The Dakota Access pipeline (DAPL) has stolen more than a name from American Indians (“dakota” means “friendly” or “allied”). If built, it would pass under the Missouri River twice. The pipeline, which could leak, as many pipelines do, threatens to contaminate the drinking water, crops and burial grounds of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe. Federal regulatory agencies, including the Army Corps of Engineers, quietly approved DAPL, which will transport Bakkan crude oil from North Dakota through South Dakota, Iowa and Illinois.

Last November, President Obama rejected the Keystone XL pipeline, which would have transported tar sands oil from Alberta, Canada, to the U.S. Gulf Coast. The rejection was the result of a years-long, hard-fought battle by thousands of activists, many of whom made personal sacrifices, traveled long distances and were even arrested for their acts of civil disobedience.

More:
http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/why_the_dakota_access_pipeline_dispute_rings_a_bell_20160824

World's oldest needle found in Siberian cave that stitches together human history

World's oldest needle found in Siberian cave that stitches together human history


By The Siberian Times reporter

23 August 2016

'Sensational' discovery in Denisova Cave is at least 50,000 years old BUT it wasn't made by Homo sapiens.




The 7 centimetre (2 3/4 inch) needle was made and used by our long extinct Denisovan ancestors, a recently-discovered hominin species or subspecies.

Scientists found the sewing implement - complete with a hole for thread - during the annual summer archeological dig at an Altai Mountains cave widely believed to hold the secrets of man's origins. It appears to be still useable after 50,000 years.

Professor Mikhail Shunkov, head of the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography in Novosibirsk, said: 'It is the most unique find of this season, which can even be called sensational.

'It is a needle made of bone. As of today it is the most ancient needle in the word. It is about 50,000 years old.'

The needle is seen as providing proof that the long-gone Denisovans - named after the cave - were more sophisticated than previously believed. It predates by some 10,000 years an intricate modern-looking piece of polished jewellery made of chlorite by the Denisovans.


More:
http://siberiantimes.com/science/casestudy/news/n0711-worlds-oldest-needle-found-in-siberian-cave-that-stitches-together-human-history/

Prisoner not seen publicly since 2002 at Gitmo hearing

Source: Associated Press

Prisoner not seen publicly since 2002 at Gitmo hearing

Robert Burns, Ap National Security Writer

Updated 3:29 pm, Tuesday, August 23, 2016

WASHINGTON (AP) — The first high-profile al-Qaida terror suspect captured after the attacks of Sept. 11, 2001 appeared Tuesday at a U.S. government hearing called to determine whether he should remain in detention at the U.S. military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

Abu Zubaydah, a Palestinian not seen publicly since his capture by the CIA in 2002, sat expressionless during the brief hearing. Zubaydah was also the first to vanish into the CIA's secret "black site" prison network and was subjected to "enhanced interrogation."

. . .

Following his capture, the CIA under President George W. Bush initiated an interrogation program, now widely viewed as torture. Under this once-secret program, Zubaydah was subjected to what the Bush administration called "enhanced interrogation" in the belief that he was withholding information about al-Qaida. A Senate report released in 2014 said that belief was false.

Zubaydah was subjected to the torment of waterboarding 83 times in August 2003. Straining under a waterlogged cloth clamped over his face, Zubaydah became "completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth," according to CIA emails cited in the Senate report. He was body-slammed by his captors. He was hooded, then unmasked and ominously shown a coffin-like box.

Read more: http://www.chron.com/news/politics/article/Abu-Zubaydah-appears-at-Gitmo-hearing-to-review-9179334.php

The three Rs: How Bolivia combats illiteracy

The three Rs: How Bolivia combats illiteracy

By Fellipe Abreu and Luiz Felipe Silva
El Alto, Bolivia


21 August 2016



Fellipe Abreu

Quintim Pulma was not allowed to learn to read and write when he was a boy

"Reading and writing were forbidden," says Quintim Pulma, 83.



Mr Pulma, a former policeman dressed elegantly in a slightly worn jacket and wearing a black hat, recalls the days when he was growing up in rural Bolivia: "I lived at the farm at which my parents worked and the owner threatened that if I went to school, he'd cut my tongue out."

But now things are different for Mr Pulma.

"These days, I can study and prove to people that I'm capable of doing anything," he says.

Mr Pulma is one of 39 elderly students in a literacy group in El Alto, Bolivia's second largest city.


More:
http://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-37117243

Following dinosaur footsteps in Bolivia's fossil mecca

Following dinosaur footsteps in Bolivia's fossil mecca

AFP
Published Sunday, August 21, 2016 9:03PM EDT

It's not easy following in the footsteps of the largest animals ever to roam Earth.

There are no roads or even footpaths to get to the spot in Bolivia where researchers recently discovered a huge dinosaur footprint measuring 1.15 metres wide. But Bolivian paleontologist Omar Medina hopes to turn this remote corner of southern Bolivia into a magnet of paleontology that will attract visitors from around the world.

The enormous footprint, roughly 80 million years old, was discovered last month by local guide Grover Marquina, who specializes in fossil tours.

It was left by an abelisaurid theropod dinosaur, a carnivorous biped that Medina estimates would have been about 15 metres tall.

More:
http://www.ctvnews.ca/sci-tech/following-dinosaur-footsteps-in-bolivia-s-fossil-mecca-1.3038037

Science:
http://www.democraticunderground.com/122848638

States Prove Playground Bullies in Push to Delist Yellowstone Grizzly Bears

August 19, 2016
States Prove Playground Bullies in Push to Delist Yellowstone Grizzly Bears

by Louisa Willcox



Photo by Tom Mangelsen.

State wildlife managers from Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho have recently dispelled any illusions about how they intend to treat grizzly bears after wresting management control away from the federal government. Removal of Endangered Species Act (ESA) protections will probably happen later this year and, if that happens, the states have made clear that they plan to go on a blood-letting binge involving the slaughter of hundreds of bears. They are already showing their thuggish nature in dealings with the public and the US Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). State managers, most notably those representing Wyoming, have been the proverbial playground bullies during recent public meetings and, unfortunately, the FWS is rewarding this nastiness by acquiescing to every demand.

Not only do the states intend to allow trophy hunting, they also want a free hand to kill more grizzlies without any accountability to the national public that treasures these bears… or even any accountability to the majority of state residents who don’t support hunting grizzlies. At a meeting of grizzly bear managers earlier this month, only Yellowstone National Park Superintendent Dan Wenk had the courage to speak out in defense of the grizzly bears that define the nation’s oldest Park (link). Wenk objected to hunting grizzly bears in lands bordering Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks. The state managers who were present responded by saying, basically, “bugger off.”

The battle lines are clearly drawn. On one side, the states are representing the ethos of death and violence, slaved to the interests of hunters and ranchers. On the other, the Park Service is upholding an ethos of preservation and respect, on behalf of the broader American public. The states are about guarding the franchise of a few and their exploitative pursuits, while the Park Service is about empowering the many, who tend towards more benign, even altruistic, treatment of wildlife and wildlands.

The Park Service’s philosophy reflects a broader cultural trend towards greater inclusiveness, greater tolerance, and greater respect for those who are different—increasingly including animals (Among other great books on the topic is Stephen Pinker’s Better Angels of Our Nature). This trend is reflected in the fact that, according to Acting FWS Recovery Coordinator Wayne Kasworm, over 99% of the 290,000 comments submitted during May of this year to the FWS in response to its proposed removal of ESA protections opposed this move, opposed trophy hunting, and supported increased protections.

More:
http://www.counterpunch.org/2016/08/19/states-prove-playground-bullies-in-push-to-delist-yellowstone-grizzly-bears/

Cyclists brave the world’s most dangerous road in Bolivia

Cyclists brave the world’s most dangerous road in Bolivia


High, scenic and varied terrain on Yungas road makes for a white-knuckled ride, as a guide reveals stories of what’s also known as death road.



By Tamara HinsonSpecial to the Star

Sat., Aug. 20, 2016

LA PAZ, BOLIVIA — No doubt the guide is trying to be reassuring when he says he’s undergone rope rescue training, but it’s a timely reminder that the road we’re about to cycle down has claimed hundreds of lives.

Regarded as the world’s highest capital (Sucre is Bolivia’s official one, but La Paz has more government buildings and is regarded as the de facto capital), La Paz is a city crammed into an enormous bowl, 3,640 metres above sea level. It’s also home to the world’s most dangerous road.

In 1998, New Zealand mountain biker Alistair Matthew came to La Paz. At the time, access to the city had been via the Yungas road, a crumbling dirt track carved into a mountainside. Vehicles regularly toppled off. Matthew heard about the road, saw its potential as the ultimate adrenaline-fuelled adventure for cyclists and founded Gravity Bolivia, starting out with just three bikes.

The road quickly became a rite of passage for backpackers. Today, 20 operators offer excursions along the death road — named not because of fatalities, but because many of the prisoners of war who built it died during construction in the 1930s, during the Chaco War.

A shiny new road opened in 2006 and now only a few foolhardy drivers brave the route. Accidents involving drivers and cyclists still happen with alarming regularity, although one particular incident helped reduced these fatalities. After British cyclist Theo Dreyfus died in a 2009 accident, his father Dominic founded a memorial fund to pay for a permanent ambulance on the road.

More:
https://www.thestar.com/life/travel/2016/08/20/cyclists-brave-the-worlds-most-dangerous-road-in-bolivia.html

(More photos at link.)
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