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Mon Feb 18, 2013, 01:13 PM

In North Carolina’s Government’s Rush to Allow Fracking and Drilling, What is Missing?

We think a proper full Public Health Assessment.

One of the most obvious things missing from both the Governor’s mansion and the Legislature building is anything remotely related to the public interest. Of course, setting up a pay to play system, one must first clear the runway (purging and modifying regulatory boards and commissions-SB 10), proceed with take off through legislation benefitting the players (SB 76), and of course nullifying the opposition and consequences (stacking the courts). And what is missing in the subsequent rush to frack for natural gas is anything relating to insuring public and environmental health studies in a formal sense.

Anyone elected to public office should readily welcome a proper assessment of any action as it relates to the health and general welfare of the public they are elected to serve. In other states where fracking is becoming an issue to be decided such as New York, assessments and studies have been underway since there is plenty of available data where these extraction processes have been underway. Such studies show there are plenty of issues that need to be determined regarding public health such as revealed in “Chemical and Biological Risk Assessment for Natural Gas Extraction in New York” conducted by the Chemistry & Biochemistry Department at the State University of New York, College at Oneonta. Drawing from that study, there are plenty of things people of North Carolina who will be affected from the hydrofracking process should be told beforehand. Some of the things include but are not limited to the following:

Serious regulatory violations will occur at more than one of every ten new shale gas projects.

More than one in every six shale gas wells will leak fluids to surrounding rocks and to the surface over the next century.

Each gas well pad, with its associated access road and pipeline, will generate a sediment discharge of approximately eight tons a year.

Some chemicals used for shale gas exploration and production, or consistently present in process waste at even low concentrations produce potential exposure effect for humans including poisoning of susceptable tissues, endocrine disruption syndromes and elevated risks for certain cancers.

Exposure to gas field workers and neighbors to toxic chemicals and noxious bacteria is exacerbated by common practices associated with the hydrofracking process and use of impoundments for flowback fluids.

And besides the impact of water aquifers and water wells contaminated by natural gas released into them through the fracking process, what should North Carolinians know about the health threats posed to them, their families and living environment from the chemical and biological hazards posed by the drilling fluid cocktail, flowback fluids, and released naturally occuring radioactive materials?

Drilling Additives:

Friction Reducer-heavy naphtha, polymer microemulsion-lubricate drill head

Biocide-glutaraldehyde, DBNPA, dibromoacetonitrile-prevent fissures, prevent biofilm formation

Scale Inhibitor-ethylene glycol, EDTA, citric acid-prevent scale buildup

Corrosion Inhibitor-propargyl alcohol, N,N-dimethylformamide-prevent corrosion of metal parts

Clay Stabilizer-tetramethylammonium chloride-prevent clay swelling

Gelling Agent-bentonite, guar gum, “gemini quat” anime-prevent slumping of solids

Conditioner-ammonium chloride, potassium carbonate, isopropyl alcohol-adjust pH, adjust additive solubility

Surfactant-2-butoxyethanol, ethoxylated octylphenol-promote fracture penetration

Cross-Linker-sodium perborate, acetic anhydride-promote gelling

Breaker-hemicellulase, ammonium persulfate, quebracho-breaks gel to promote flow-back

Cleaner-hydrochloric acid-of fluid dissolve debris

Processor-ethylene glycol, propylene glycol-strip impurities from produced gas

The chemicals in widespread use including exploratory wells which pose significant hazards to humans and other organisms because they remain dangerous even at concentrations at or below their chemical detection limits include the biocides glutaraldehyde, 2,2-dibromo-3-nitrilopropionamide (DBNPA), and 2,2-dibromoacetonitrile (DBAN), the corrosion inhibitor propargyl alcohol, the surfactant 2-butoxyethanol, and lubricants containing heavy naphtha.

Flowback Fluids:

Barium, Lead, Arsenic, Chromium, and Benzene.

Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM):

Uranium-238, radium-226, radon-222, 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide-(4-NQO).

As studies have shown in all states that have engaged in this process, the thousands of wells involved, the thousands of gallons of toxic chemicals per well, the thousands of gallons of flowback fluids per well, the thousands of gallons of waste containing radioactive materials, no regulatory processes so far has prevented the thousands of violations and mishaps nor covered the fail rate of the casings. Therefore, there isn’t anything that alleviates the threat to human health.

If you live in North Carolina or have relatives in North Carolina, we call on you to sign this petition requesting the General Assembly to conduct a full Public Health Assessment before allowing this process. For a look at the studies conducted for New York, follow this link.

For working links, access my website here.

or sign my petition here at DU. Thanks all.

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Reply In North Carolina’s Government’s Rush to Allow Fracking and Drilling, What is Missing? (Original post)
mmonk Feb 2013 OP
Drale Feb 2013 #1
mmonk Feb 2013 #2
Drale Feb 2013 #4
mmonk Feb 2013 #5
ProfessionalLeftist Feb 2013 #3
Champion Jack Feb 2013 #6
mmonk Feb 2013 #7
octoberlib Feb 2013 #8
mmonk Feb 2013 #9

Response to mmonk (Original post)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 01:16 PM

1. The thing you are missing

is a list of North Carolina elections officials with stock in fracking companies or who are receiving very large donations from said companies.

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Response to Drale (Reply #1)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 01:28 PM

2. Do you have one?

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Response to mmonk (Reply #2)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 01:31 PM

4. No, I've been working on a list

tracking how every senator and congressmen votes because I am going to make sure these peoples names are not forgotten like the people who voted against the 13th Amendment.

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Response to Drale (Reply #4)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 02:50 PM

5. When you compile it, send it to me.

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Response to Drale (Reply #1)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 01:31 PM

3. Get that and get a large NC newspaper or three to publish it. n/t

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Response to mmonk (Original post)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 02:54 PM

6. Don't forget about forced pooling

Which basically means, that they can go under your land and take your gas whether you agree or not.

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Response to Champion Jack (Reply #6)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 02:57 PM

7. That is a winning issue.

I intend to have something on that soon.

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Response to mmonk (Original post)

Mon Feb 18, 2013, 03:57 PM

8. Check out openstates.org

After more than four years of work from volunteers and a full-time team at the Sunlight Foundation we're immensely proud to launch the full Open States site with searchable legislative data for all 50 states, D.C. and Puerto Rico. Open States is the only comprehensive database of activities from all state capitols that makes it easy to find your state lawmaker, review their votes, search for legislation, track bills and much more.

If you're interested in your state lawmaker, you'll be able to get notifications for their actions, a map of their district, voting records, committee assignments, campaign finance records from Influence Explorer, local news articles and contact information. If you're curious about a particular piece of legislation, Open States allows you to check on its status, find the sponsors, break down votes, view bill text and all supporting documents. Our powerful search capabilities allow you to find similar topics across states and view overview pages for each state, chamber and committee.


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