Thu Dec 27, 2012, 12:26 PM
UnrepentantLiberal (11,700 posts)
Fleeing Civil War, Syria’s Kurds Enter Another Geo-Political Minefield
By Jay Newton-Small
Dec. 27, 2012
Samira Selo cradled her two-year-old on her hip and looked across the low valley towards Syria, a country that until a month ago she called home. Some sheep and goats grazed nearby. Behind her, in the old, tiny tent she, her husband and three kids call home, her family’s possessions were rolled up under two thin mattresses still damp from a week’s worth of rain. The floor of her tent was mud, the same mud that formed, often knee-deep, every lane zigzagging through Domiz refugee camp in the north of Iraqi Kurdistan.
It is never easy being the new arrivals, especially in a refugee camp like this one where resources have been stretched beyond their limits as more and more Syrian Kurds pour across the border each day. “Two weeks ago we had 35,000,” says Iraqi Kurdish Foreign Minister Falah Mustafa Balik. Before Christmas they topped 60,000.
Selo, 28, and her family fled Damascus in November “as the massacre was getting too close.” But they have found life on the fringes of this mushrooming refugee camp extremely difficult. The UN High Commission of Refugees, which oversees the camp, ran out of tents before they got there. They borrowed their hand-me-down one from a friend, but can’t afford to buy a nicer one; used UNHCR tents are going on the black market for hundreds of dollars, says Selo. When it rains—and in Iraq in the winter it rains constantly— they and everything they own get soaked. Their kids have developed colds and the weather is about to turn frosty, something that scares Selo even more than the damp.
They could have gone to Jordan, which is much closer to Damascus, but as Kurds they felt it was safer with their ethnic compatriots, even if it meant driving all the way across war-torn Syria. Almost all of the Syrian refugees Iraq has accepted are Kurds into Iraqi Kurdistan, a semi-autonomous state in the north that exercises many of its own policies. Authorities elsewhere in Iraq have refused all but 9,000 Arab refugees for fear that the highly sectarian violence across the border in Syria may whip up similar flames in Iraq. The Kurds, though, are eager to help out their brethren, even if their resources are already stressed. So far, the Kurdish government has spent $11 million for the camp, but much more is needed. “We plan an international appeal,” Bakir says.
Aside from the tent shortage, there is also a shortage of food, especially for single men who have their own area on the far side of the camp. Families also have a shortage of water. The newer arrivals have to share one water drum per three or four families, which doesn’t translate to enough drinking or cooking water, let alone water to bathe with. The lucky ones get one shower a week. Electricity hasn’t been a problem –there’s enough for everyone to run lights and cookers. But there’s not enough for heaters and the chills of winter are setting in.
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