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Thu Dec 15, 2011, 12:57 PM

NDAA: latest status and text of the detention provisions

Status:

The conference committee (a joint committee of the House and Senate) reported out a modified version of the NDAA on Monday (Dec 12). Here is a link to the full text of the bill that they reported:

http://www.rules.house.gov/Media/file/PDF_112_1/legislativetext/HR1540conf.pdf

The House passed this new version of the bill yesterday (Dec 14) by a vote of 283 to 136. 93 Democrats voted for and 93 Democrats voted against. 190 Republicans voted for and 43 Republicans voted against. Here is a link to the vote in the House:

http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2011/roll932.xml

The Senate is expected to vote on the new conference version as early as today (Dec 15).


Detention Provisions:

Sections of the bill were renumbered by the conference committee so the controversial detention provisions are now sections 1021 and 1022. Here is the text of the detention provisions from the new bill:

20 SEC. 1021. AFFIRMATION OF AUTHORITY OF THE ARMED
21 FORCES OF THE UNITED STATES TO DETAIN
22 COVERED PERSONS PURSUANT TO THE AU-
23 THORIZATION FOR USE OF MILITARY FORCE.

24 (a) IN GENERAL.—Congress affirms that the author-
25 ity of the President to use all necessary and appropriate
1 force pursuant to the Authorization for Use of Military
2 Force (Public Law 107–40; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) includes
3 the authority for the Armed Forces of the United States
4 to detain covered persons (as defined in subsection (b))
5 pending disposition under the law of war.

6 (b) COVERED PERSONS.—A covered person under
7 this section is any person as follows:

8 (1) A person who planned, authorized, com-
9 mitted, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred
10 on September 11, 2001, or harbored those respon-
11 sible for those attacks.

12 (2) A person who was a part of or substantially
13 supported al-Qaeda, the Taliban, or associated forces
14 that are engaged in hostilities against the United
15 States or its coalition partners, including any person
16 who has committed a belligerent act or has directly
17 supported such hostilities in aid of such enemy
18 forces.

19 (c) DISPOSITION UNDER LAW OF WAR.—The dis-
20 position of a person under the law of war as described
21 in subsection (a) may include the following:

22 (1) Detention under the law of war without
23 trial until the end of the hostilities authorized by the
24 Authorization for Use of Military Force.

1 (2) Trial under chapter 47A of title 10, United
2 States Code (as amended by the Military Commis-
3 sions Act of 2009 (title XVIII of Public Law 111–
4 84)).

5 (3) Transfer for trial by an alternative court or
6 competent tribunal having lawful jurisdiction.

7 (4) Transfer to the custody or control of the
8 person’s country of origin, any other foreign coun-
9 try, or any other foreign entity.

10 (d) CONSTRUCTION.—Nothing in this section is in-
11 tended to limit or expand the authority of the President
12 or the scope of the Authorization for Use of Military
13 Force.

14 (e) AUTHORITIES.—Nothing in this section shall be
15 construed to affect existing law or authorities relating to
16 the detention of United States citizens, lawful resident
17 aliens of the United States, or any other persons who are
18 captured or arrested in the United States.

19 (f) REQUIREMENT FOR BRIEFINGS OF CONGRESS.—
20 The Secretary of Defense shall regularly brief Congress
21 regarding the application of the authority described in this
22 section, including the organizations, entities, and individ-
23 uals considered to be ‘‘covered persons’’ for purposes of
24 subsection (b)(2).

1 SEC. 1022. MILITARY CUSTODY FOR FOREIGN AL-QAEDA
2 TERRORISTS.
3 (a) CUSTODY PENDING DISPOSITION UNDER LAW OF
4 WAR.—

5 (1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in para-
6 graph (4), the Armed Forces of the United States
7 shall hold a person described in paragraph (2) who
8 is captured in the course of hostilities authorized by
9 the Authorization for Use of Military Force (Public
10 Law 107–40) in military custody pending disposition
11 under the law of war.

12 (2) COVERED PERSONS.—The requirement in
13 paragraph (1) shall apply to any person whose de-
14 tention is authorized under section 1021 who is de-
15 termined—

16 (A) to be a member of, or part of, al-
17 Qaeda or an associated force that acts in co-
18 ordination with or pursuant to the direction of
19 al-Qaeda; and

20 (B) to have participated in the course of
21 planning or carrying out an attack or attempted
22 attack against the United States or its coalition
23 partners.

24 (3) DISPOSITION UNDER LAW OF WAR.—For
25 purposes of this subsection, the disposition of a per-
26 son under the law of war has the meaning given in
1 section 1021(c), except that no transfer otherwise
2 described in paragraph (4) of that section shall be
3 made unless consistent with the requirements of sec-
4 tion 1028.

5 (4) WAIVER FOR NATIONAL SECURITY.—The
6 President may waive the requirement of paragraph
7 (1) if the President submits to Congress a certifi-
8 cation in writing that such a waiver is in the na-
9 tional security interests of the United States.

10 (b) APPLICABILITY TO UNITED STATES CITIZENS
11 AND LAWFUL RESIDENT ALIENS.—

12 (1) UNITED STATES CITIZENS.—The require-
13 ment to detain a person in military custody under
14 this section does not extend to citizens of the United
15 States.

16 (2) LAWFUL RESIDENT ALIENS.—The require-
17 ment to detain a person in military custody under
18 this section does not extend to a lawful resident
19 alien of the United States on the basis of conduct
20 taking place within the United States, except to the
21 extent permitted by the Constitution of the United
22 States.

23 (c) IMPLEMENTATION PROCEDURES.—

24 (1) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 60 days after
25 the date of the enactment of this Act, the President
1 shall issue, and submit to Congress, procedures for
2 implementing this section.

3 (2) ELEMENTS.—The procedures for imple-
4 menting this section shall include, but not be limited
5 to, procedures as follows:

6 (A) Procedures designating the persons au-
7 thorized to make determinations under sub-
8 section (a)(2) and the process by which such
9 determinations are to be made.

10 (B) Procedures providing that the require-
11 ment for military custody under subsection
12 (a)(1) does not require the interruption of ongo-
13 ing surveillance or intelligence gathering with
14 regard to persons not already in the custody or
15 control of the United States.

16 (C) Procedures providing that a determina-
17 tion under subsection (a)(2) is not required to
18 be implemented until after the conclusion of an
19 interrogation which is ongoing at the time the
20 determination is made and does not require the
21 interruption of any such ongoing interrogation.

22 (D) Procedures providing that the require-
23 ment for military custody under subsection
24 (a)(1) does not apply when intelligence, law en-
25 forcement, or other Government officials of the
1 United States are granted access to an indi-
2 vidual who remains in the custody of a third
3 country.

4 (E) Procedures providing that a certifi-
5 cation of national security interests under sub-
6 section (a)(4) may be granted for the purpose
7 of transferring a covered person from a third
8 country if such a transfer is in the interest of
9 the United States and could not otherwise be
10 accomplished.

11 (d) AUTHORITIES.—Nothing in this section shall be
12 construed to affect the existing criminal enforcement and
13 national security authorities of the Federal Bureau of In-
14 vestigation or any other domestic law enforcement agency
15 with regard to a covered person, regardless whether such
16 covered person is held in military custody.

17 (e) EFFECTIVE DATE.—This section shall take effect
18 on the date that is 60 days after the date of the enactment
19 of this Act, and shall apply with respect to persons de-
20 scribed in subsection (a)(2) who are taken into the custody
21 or brought under the control of the United States on or
22 after that effective date.

http://www.rules.house.gov/Media/file/PDF_112_1/legislativetext/HR1540conf.pdf


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Reply NDAA: latest status and text of the detention provisions (Original post)
eomer Dec 2011 OP
msongs Dec 2011 #1

Response to eomer (Original post)

Thu Dec 15, 2011, 02:52 PM

1. US Constitution: only congress can declare war. well that quaint provision is ignored daily nt

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