1. another advantage of many European education systems
is that after what would correlate to American Junior Highschool, students are split in to either occupational training or an academic upper school. Instead of forcing every student down the same path.
2. we used to have racist tracking in the usa...but it was dumped
mandatory tracking systems like that were deemed racist so have been largely dumped. along with that went things like shop, auto shop, anything to do with manual trades except as electives, home ec (OMG remember that...for the girls).
In those days tracking was also sexist, girls did not go to trade tech and boys were not allowed in home economics.